Strong's Enhanced Concordance

The Aionian Bible un-translates and instead transliterates ten special words to help us better understand the extent of God’s love for individuals and all mankind, and the nature of afterlife destinies. The original translation is unaltered and an inline note is appended to 63 Old Testament and 200 New Testament verses. Compare the definitions below to the Aionian Glossary. Follow the blue link below to study the word's usage. Search for any Strong's number: g1-21369 and h1-9049.
: soul
Strongs:
g5590
Word:
ψυχή
Tyndale
Word:
ψυχή
Transliteration:
psuchē
Gloss:
: soul
Morphhology:
Greek, Noun, Female
Definition:
ψυχή, -ῆς, ἡ, [in LXX very freq. for נֶפֶשׁ, sometimes for לֵבַב,לֵב, etc;] 1) breath (Lat. anima), breath of life, life (Hom, al; in Arist, of the vital principle): Mat.6:25, Mrk.3:4 10:45, Luk.12:22, Jhn.10:11, Act.20:10, 24 2Co.1:23, Php.2:30, 1Th.2:8, al. 2) the soul, (a) as the seat of the will, desires and affections: Mat.26:38, Mrk.12:30 " (LXX) 14:34, Luk.1:46, Jhn.10:24, Act.14:2, Php.1:27, al; ἐκ ψυχῆς, from the heart, heartily: Eph.6:6, Col.3:23; (b) as a periphrasis for person or self (freq. in translation from Semitic originals, see M, Pr., 87; Robinson, Gospels, 113ff; but also freq. in cl, see LS, see word II, 2; Edwards, Lex., App. A.): Mat.11:29, Mrk.8:36, Act.2:41, Rom.2:9, 1Pe.3:20, al; πᾶσα ψ, Act.2:43 3:23 " (LXX), Rom.13:1; ψ. ζῶσα (ζωῆς), 1Co.15:45, Rev.16:3; (with) as the object of divine grace and eternal salvation: Heb.13:17, Jas.1:21 5:20, 1Pe.1:9, 22 2:11 4:19, 3 Jo.2. SYN.: see: νοῦς, πνεῦμα, ψυχικός, and cf. ICC on 1Th.5:23, Lft, Notes, 88f. (AS)
Liddell-Scott-Jones
Word:
ψυχή
Transliteration:
psuchē
Gloss:
: soul
Morphhology:
Greek, Noun, Female
Definition:
ψῡχ-ή, ἡ, life, λύθη ψ. τε μένος τε [Refs 8th c.BC+]; ψυχὰς παρθέμενοι at hazard of their lives, [Refs 8th c.BC+]; λίσσου᾽ ὑπὲρ ψ. καὶ γούνων by your life,[Refs 5th c.BC+] to save their life, [Refs 8th c.BC+]; ὃ ἂν θέλῃ, ψυχῆς ὠνεῖται [θυμός] in exchange for life, [NT+7th c.BC+]; τῆς ἐμῆς ψ. γεγώς[Refs 5th c.BC+]; ποινὴν τῆς Αἰσώπου ψ. satisfaction for the life of [NT+5th c.BC+]; δεῖρον ἄχρις ἡ ψ. ἐπὶ χειλέων λειφθῇ within an inch of his life, [Refs 3rd c.BC+] —the phrase ἐν τῇ χειρὶ τὴν ψ. ἔχοντα taking his life in his hands, is probably falsa lectio in [LXX+4th c.BC+]; of life in animals, [Refs 8th c.BC+]; ἡ φύσις τοιαύτη πάντων ὅσσα ψ. ἔχει Democrit.278; ἐπῴζει καὶ ποιεῖ ψ. ἔχειν (of incubation) [LXX+5th c.BC+]; ἡ ψ. πάσης σαρκὸς αἷμα αὐτοῦ ἐστιν[LXX] 2) metaphorically of things dear as life, χρήματα γὰρ ψ. βροτοῖσι [Refs 8th c.BC+]; so as an endearing name, [Refs 1st c.AD+] II) in [Refs 8th c.BC+], departed spirit, ghost (ὑποτίθεται [Ὅμηρος] τὰς ψ. τοῖς εἰδώλοις τοῖς ἐν τοῖς κατόπτροις φαινομένοις ὁμοίας. ἃ καθάπαξ ἡμῖν ἐξείκασται καὶ τὰς κινήσεις μιμεῖται, στερεμνιώδη δὲ ὑπόστασιν οὐδεμίαν ἔχει εἰς ἀντίληψιν καὶ ἁφήν [Refs 8th c.BC+]; ψ. καὶ εἴδωλον [Refs 8th c.BC+]; ψυχὰς ἡρώων, opposed to αὐτούς,[Refs 8th c.BC+]; sometimes hardly distinct from signification[Refs]; in swoons it leaves the body, τὸν δὲ λίπε ψ. [Refs]; so in later writers (seldom in Trag.), σὺν Ἀγαμεμνονίᾳ ψυχᾷ [Refs 5th c.BC+]; ἑὰν ψυχὰν κομίξαι[Refs 5th c.BC+]; ψ. σοφαί, perhaps 'wise ghosts', [Refs 5th c.BC+] III) the immaterial and immortal soul, first in Pindar, ἐς τὸν ὕπερθεν ἅλιον κείνων. ἀνδιδοῖ [Φερσεφόνα] ψυχὰς πάλιν [Refs 5th c.BC+]; αἰθὴρ μὲμ ψυχὰς ὑπεδέξατο, σώ[ματα δὲ χθών] [Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὁπόταμ ψ. προλίπῃ φάος ἀελίοιο [Refs 5th c.BC+] IV) the conscious self or personality as centre of emotions, desires, and affections, χερσὶ καὶ ψυχᾷ δυνατοί [Refs 5th c.BC+]: hence regarded in abstraction, τὸ παρεχόμενον ἡμῶν ἕκαστον τοῦτ᾽ εἶναι μηδὲν ἀλλ᾽ ἢ τὴν ψ, τὸ δὲ σῶμα ἰνδαλλόμενον ἡμῶν ἑκάστοις ἕπεσθαι [Refs 5th c.BC+]; οἴμοι ψυχή woe is me! [LXX]; καὶ ἐρῶ τῇ ψ. μου, “ψυχή, ἔχεις πολλὰ ἀγαθά” [NT]; in periphrases, ψ. Ὀρέστου, ={Ὀρέστης}, [Refs 5th c.BC+] his wits, [Refs]; so ψυχαί absolutely, ={ἄνθρωποι, ψ. ὀλέσασα} [Refs 4th c.BC+]; ψ. πολλαὶ ἔθανον many souls perished, [NT+5th c.BC+]; in referring to persons, ὅταν μεγάλη ψ. φυῇ [Refs 5th c.BC+]; καλεῖται γοῦν ἡ ψ. Κρινοκοράκα the creature, [NT+4th c.BC+]: generally, being, ψυχὴ ζῶσα living creature, [LXX] IV.2) of various aspects of the self, ἐν πολέμοιο μάχαις τλάμονι ψ. παρέμειν) enduring heart, [Refs 5th c.BC+] poor-spirited, [Refs 5th c.BC+] IV.3) of the emotional self, ὑπείργασμαι μὲν εὖ ψυχὴν ἔρωτι [Refs 5th c.BC+]; τίν᾽ οἴεσθ᾽ αὐτὴν ψ. ἕξειν, ὅταν ἐμὲ ῒδ; how will she feel? [Refs 4th c.BC+]; μία ψ, proverbial of friends, [Refs 4th c.BC+]; ψ. μία ἤστην probably in [Refs 2nd c.AD+]; of appetite, ψυχῇ διδόντες ἡδονήν [Refs 5th c.BC+] IV.4) of the moral and intellectual self, ἀπὸ πάμπαν ἀδίκων ἔχειν ψ. [Refs 5th c.BC+]; τὸ σῶμα ἀπειρηκὸς ἡ ψ. συνεξέσωσεν. διὰ τὸ μὴ ξυνειδέναι ἑαυτῇ the mind conscious of innocence, [Refs 5th c.BC+]; ἀπὸ τῆς ψ. φιλεῖν with all the heart, [Refs 5th c.BC+]; οὐκ ἐᾷ ἡμᾶς οὐδὲ ψυχῆς λαχεῖν he won't let us call our soul our own, [Refs 2nd c.AD+] IV.5) of animals, ψ. μεγαλόφρων, of a horse, [Refs 5th c.BC+]; ψ. χηνός, ὀρτυγίου, [Refs 4th c.BC+] IV.6) of inanimate things, πᾶσα πολιτεία ψ. πόλεώς ἐστιν [Refs 5th c.BC+]; also of the spirit of an author, [Refs 1st c.BC+] V) Philosophical uses: V.1) In the early physicists, of the primary substance, the source of life and consciousness, ὁρίζονται πάντες (i.e. οἱ πρότεροι) τὴν ψ. τρισίν, κινήσει, αἰσθήσει, τῷ ἀσωμάτῳ [Refs 4th c.BC+]; ψυχῇσιν θάνατος ὕδωρ γενέσθαι, ὕδατι δὲ θάνατος γῆν γενέσθαι, ἐκ γῆς δὲ ὕδωρ γίνεται, ἐξ ὕδατος δὲ ψ. (i.e. πῦρ) [Refs 6th c.BC+]; καρδία ψυχῆς καὶ αἰσθήσιος [ἀρχά] [Refs 5th c.BC+]; Δημόκριτος πῦρ τι καὶ θερμόν θησιν αὐτὴν (i.e. ψυχὴν) εἶναι[Refs] V.2) the spirit of the universe, ψ. εἰς τὸ μέσον [τοῦ κόσμου] θείς [Refs 5th c.BC+]; ἐν τῷ ὅλῳ τινὲς [τὴν ψ.] μεμεῖχθαί φασιν, ὅθεν ἴσως καὶ Θαλῆς ᾠήθη πάντα πλήρη θεῶν εἶναι[Refs 3rd c.BC+]; ψ. [κόσμου] [Refs 1st c.AD+]; περὶ ψυχᾶς κόσμου καὶ φύσιος, title of work by [Refs 5th c.BC+] V.3) In [Refs 5th c.BC+] the immaterial principle of movement and life, ὅταν παρῇ [ψυχὴ] τῷ σώματι, αἴτιόν ἐστι τοῦ ζῆν αὐτῷ [Refs 5th c.BC+]; its presence is requisite for thought, σοφία καὶ νοῦς ἄνευ ψ. οὐκ ἂν γενοίσθην [Refs 4th c.BC+]; the tripartite division of ψ, οἱ δὲ περὶ Πλάτωνα καὶ Ἀρχύτας καὶ οἱ λοιποὶ Πυθαγόρειοι τὴν ψ. τριμερῆ ἀποφαίνονται, διαιροῦντες εἰς λογισμὸν καὶ θυμὸν καὶ ἐπιθυμίαν [Refs 5th c.BC+]; in the Stoics and Epicureans, σῶμα ἡ ψ. Zeno and [Refs 3rd c.BC+]; of the scala naturae, τὰ μὲν ἕξει διοικεῖται, τὰ δὲ φύσει, τὰ δ᾽ ἀλόγῳ ψ, τὰ δὲ καὶ λόγον ἐχούσῃ καὶ διάνοιαν [Refs 4th c.BC+]; in the Neo-Platonists characterized by discursive thinking, τοὺς λογισμοὺς ψυχῆς εἶναι ἐνεργήματα [Refs 3rd c.AD+]; related to νοῦς as image to archetype, εἰκών τίς ἐστι νοῦ [ψ.] [Refs]; present in entirety in every part, πάρεστι πᾶσα πανταχοῦ ψ. [Refs]; animal and vegetable bodies possess οἷον σκιὰν ψυχῆς [Refs 5th c.AD+] VI) butterfly or moth, [Refs 4th c.BC+] VI.2) τριπόλιον, Ps.-[Refs 1st c.AD+] VII) Psyche, in the allegory of Psyche and Eros, [Refs 8th c.BC+] 'blow, breathe'; τὸν δὲ λίπε ψ. [Refs 8th c.BC+] means 'his spirit left his body', and so λειποψυχέω means 'swoon', not 'become breathless'; ἀπὸ δὲ ψ. ἐκάπυσσε [Refs 8th c.BC+] means 'she gasped out her spirit', i.e. 'swooned'; the resemblance of ἄμπνυτο 'recovered consciousness' to ἀμπνέω 'recover breath' is deceptive, see at {ἄμπνυτο, ἔμπνυτο}: when concrete the Homeric ψ. is rather warm blood than breath,[Refs 8th c.BC+] escapes through a wound; compare ψυχοπότης, ψυχορροφέω, and [Refs 5th c.BC+]
Strongs
Word:
ψυχή
Transliteration:
psychḗ
Pronounciation:
psoo-khay'
Language:
Greek
Morphhology:
Noun Feminine
Definition:
breath, i.e. (by implication) spirit, abstractly or concretely (the animal sentient principle only; thus distinguished on the one hand from g4151 (πνεῦμα), which is the rational and immortal soul; and on the other from g2222 (ζωή), which is mere vitality, even of plants: these terms thus exactly correspond respectively to the Hebrew h5315, h7307 and h2416); heart (+ -ily), life, mind, soul, + us, + you; from g5594 (ψύχω);