** χρή**,

*impersonal*, [

Refs 8th c.BC+];

*Aeolic dialect* **χρῆ** [

Refs 7th c.BC+]; other forms are contractions (crases) of χρή (probably originally a

*neuter* *substantive*) with forms of εἰμί (

**sum**):

*future* χρἤσται [

Refs 5th c.BC+]:

*subjunctive* χρῇ [

Refs 5th c.BC+];

*infinitive* χρῆναι [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; also χρῆν (see. below 111);

*participle* *neuter* *plural* χρηεόντα (or χρὴ ἐόντα) [

Refs 3rd c.AD+]:

*imperfect* ἐχρῆν [

Refs 5th c.BC+]: frequently also without the augment, χρῆν [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; both forms in [

Refs 5th c.BC+]:

*future* χρήδει [

Refs 5th c.BC+]: —

**it is necessary**: with

*infinitive* praes. aut

*aorist*,

**it must needs, one must** or

**ought** to do (like δεῖ, which is only once used in [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; ὅτι χ. πάσχειν ἐθέλω[

Refs 5th c.BC+]: more frequently with

*accusative* *person* et

*infinitive*,

**one must,** ἐμὲ δὲ χ. γήραϊ πείθεσθαι [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; οὐδέ τί σε χ. νηλεὲς ἦτορ ἔχειν [

Refs 5th c.BC+]—Sts. the

*infinitive* must be supplied from the context, especially in [

Refs 8th c.BC+] (i.e. ἀποπαύεσθαι) [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; ὅθι χ. πεζὸν ἐόντα (i.e. μάρνασθαι) [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; so in Trag. and

*Attic dialect*, πορθεῖν ἃ μὴ χ. (i.e. πορθεῖν) [

Refs 4th c.BC+]; φύς τ᾽ ἀφ᾽ ὧν οὐ χρῆν (i.e. φῦναι), ξὺν οἷς τ᾽ οὐ χρῆν (i.e. ὁμιλεῖν) ὁμιλῶν [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; ἔκανες ὃν οὐ χρῆν (i.e. κτεῖναι) [

Refs 4th c.BC+]; ἐπιπλεύσειέ τις ὡς χ. (i.e. ἐπιπλεῦσαι) [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; θύσαντες οἷς χ. (i.e. θῦσαι) [

Refs 5th c.BC+] —The

*imperfect* frequently expresses something that ought to have been, but is not, ἐνθάδ᾽ οὐ παραστατεῖ, ὡς χρῆν, Ὀρέστης[

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** 2**) in [

Refs 8th c.BC+]

*infinitive*, with

*accusative* *person* et

*genitive* *of things*, οὐδέ τί σε χρὴ ἀφρποσύνης thou

**hast** no

**need of** imprudence, i. e. it does not

**befit** thee, [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; μυθήσεαι ὅττεό (i.e. ὅτου) σε χ. [

Refs] is found in most codices of [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** 3**) with

*dative* *person* pro

*accusative* is not found; in [

Refs 8th c.BC+], the

*dative* belongs to the

*infinitive* μέλει; in [

Refs 5th c.BC+] Dobree restored με for γ; in [

Refs 5th c.BC+] depends on μετεῖνα; in [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** II**) sometimes in a less strong sense, πῶς τοῦτο περᾶσαι χρ; how

**is one to** get through this? [

Refs 3rd c.BC+]; τί ἐχρῆν με ποιεῖ; what

**was I to** do? [

Refs 4th c.BC+]; ἓν οὐδὲν κατέστη ἴαμα ὅτι χρῆν προσφερόντας ὠφελεῖν there was no one remedy by the application of which one

**could** (or

**was bound to**) help them, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** III**) τὸ χρῆν (

*infinitive*)

**fate, destiny,** [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; τὸ χρή [

Refs]; conjecture for τὸ χρεών (

*monosyllable*) in [

Refs]