** τις**,

**τι**, Indef.

*pronoun* **any one, any thing**, enclitic through all cases (for exceptions see below):—but τί; τί; Interrog.

*pronoun* **who? what?**,

*oxytone* in the

*monosyllable* cases,

*paroxytone* in the others:—Dialectal forms: [

Refs 5th c.AD+] σις (

**si se**) [

Refs 4th c.AD+] σις (with? for σ) [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; Thess. κις [

Refs],

*neuter* κι in διεκί, ποκκί (which see);

*neuter* *plural* *Doric dialect* σά,

*Boeotian dialect* τά,

*Aeolic dialect* *dative* τίω, τίοισι (see. infr. B). (I.-[

Refs 5th c.BC+]

**q[uglide]i-**, cf. Latin

*quis*,

**quid**, etc; for σά, τά, see at {ἄσσα}, σά μά; with τέο (see. infr. B) cf. OSlav.

*genitive* * česo*)

** A**) Indef.

*pronoun* τις, τι,

*genitive* *Ionic dialect* τεο [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; more frequently τευ [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; Trag. and

*Attic dialect* του [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; του is rare after [

NT+4th c.BC+], but found in [

Refs 3rd c.BC+], revived by the Atticists, [

Refs 1st c.BC+]; τινος [

Refs 5th c.BC+];

*dative* *Ionic dialect* τεῳ [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; Trag. and

*Attic dialect* τῳ (also in [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; τινι [

Refs 8th c.BC+] in the form οὔ τινι [

Refs 8th c.BC+];

*accusative* τινα [

Refs 8th c.BC+],

*neuter* τι [

Refs 8th c.BC+]:

*plural* τινες [

Refs 8th c.BC+];

*Doric dialect* τινεν [

Refs 3rd c.BC+];

*nominative* and

*accusative* *neuter* τινα (ὅτινα [

Refs 8th c.BC+], never in Trag, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; ἄσσα (which see) [

Refs 8th c.BC+], never in Trag. or [

Refs 5th c.BC+];

*Attic dialect* ἄττα first in [

LXX+5th c.BC+], revived by the Atticists, [

Refs 1st c.BC+];

*genitive* *Ionic dialect* τεων [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; τινων not in [

Refs 5th c.BC+];

*dative* τισι, τισιν, first in [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; N.-W.

*Doric dialect* τινοις [

Refs 3rd c.BC+];

*Ionic dialect* τεοισι [

Refs 5th c.BC+] (for τεοις and τεον see at {τεός});

*accusative* τινας [

Refs 8th c.BC+];

*neuter* τινα (see. above):—

**any one, any thing, some one, some thing**; and as

*adjective* **any, some**, and serving as the Indef.

*Article* **a, an**; θεός νύ τίς ἐστι κοτήεις [

Refs 8th c.BC+]

** A.II**) special usages:

** A.II.1**)

**some one** (of many), i.e.

**many a one**, ὧδε δέ τις εἴπεσκεν [

Refs 8th c.BC+]: sometimes with meiosis, implying

**all** or

**men**,[

Refs 8th c.BC+]; so in Prose, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** A.II.2**)

**any one concerned, every one**, εὖ μέν τις δόρυ θηξάσθω [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; ἀλλά τις αὐτὸς ἴτω let

**every man** come himself,[

Refs]; so in Trag. and

*Attic dialect*, even with the

*imperative*, τοῦτό τις. ἴστω S [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; τοὺς ξυμμάχους αὐτόν τινα κολάζειν that

**every man** should himself chastise his own allies, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; ἄμεινόν τινος better than

**any others**, [

Refs 4th c.BC+]:—this is more fully expressed by adding other pronominal words, τις ἕκαστος [

Refs 8th c.BC+]. In these senses, τις is frequently combined with

*plural* words, οἱ κακοὶ. οὐκ ἴσασι, πρίν τις ἐκβάλῃ, for πρὶν ἐκβάλωσι, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; οἷς ἂν ἐπίω, ἧσσόν τις πρόσεισι, for ἧσσον προσίασι, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; especially after εἴ or ἤν τις, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** A.II.3**) in reference to a definite person, whom one wishes to avoid naming, οὐκ ἔφασαν ἰέναι, ἐὰν μή τις χρήματα διδῷ (i.e. Cyrus) [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; so also euphemistic for something bad, ἤν τι ποιῶμεν [

Refs 5th c.BC+]: hence for the

*1st pers.* or

*2nd pers.* *pronoun*, ἅ τιν᾽ οὐ πείσεσθαι ὀΐω [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; ποῖ τις τρέψετα; for ποῖ τρέψομα; [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** A.II.4**) indefinitely, where we say

**they**, French

**on**, sometimes with an ironical force, φοβεῖταί τις [

Refs 4th c.BC+]; as

*vocative*, τὸν Πλοῦτον ἔξω τις κάλει call P. out,

**somebody**, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** A.II.5**) τις, τι may be opposed, expressly or by implication, to οὐδείς, οὐδέν, and mean

**somebody, something**, by meiosis for

**some great one, some great thing**, ηὔχεις τις εἶναι you boasted that you were

**somebody**, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; κἠγών τις φαίνομαι ἦμεν after all I too am

**somebody**, [

NT+3rd c.BC+]; also in

*neuter*, οἴονταί τι εἶναι ὄντες οὐδενὸς ἄξιοι [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** A.II.5.b**) τις is sometimes opposed to to another word, ἀελλοπόδων μέν τιν᾽ εὐφραίνοισιν ἵππων τιμαί, τέρπεται δὲ καί τις. [

LXX+5th c.BC+]; ἔστιν οὖν οὐ πᾶν τὸ ταχύ, ἀλλά τι (sic codices BT) αὐτοῦ ἀγαστόν [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; τὸ μεῖζον τοῦθ᾽ ὅπερ ἐστὶν ἑτέρου λέγεται· τινὸς γὰρ λέγεται μεῖζον greater than

**something**, [

Refs]; πότερον τῷ τυχόντι ἢ τισί; [

Refs]

** A.II.6**) with (Proper name)s τις commonly signifies

**one named** so-and-so, ἦν δέ τις ἐν Τρώεσσι Δάρης [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; with a sense of contempt, Θερσίτης τις ἦν there was

**one** Thersites, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** A.II.6.b**)

**one of the same sort**, converting the (Proper name) into an appellative, ἤ τις Ἀπόλλων ἢ Πάν

**an** Apollo or

**a** Pan, [

Refs 4th c.BC+]; [πόλιες] ταὶ μέλονται πρός τινος ἢ Διὸς ἢ γλαυκᾶς Ἀθάνας Lyric poetry in [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; ἰσθμόν τιν᾽ [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** A.II.7**) with

*adjectives* τις combines to express the idea of a

*substantive* used as predicate, ὥς τις θαρσαλέος καὶ ἀναιδής ἐσσι προΐκτης

**a** bold and impudent beggar, [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; ἐγώ τις, ὡς ἔοικε, δυσμαθής

**a** dull

**ard**, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; φόβου πλέα τις εἶ

**a** cow

**ard**, [

Refs 4th c.BC+]; ὡς ταχεῖά τις. χάρις διαρρεῖ in what swift

**fashion** (={ταχέως πως}), [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; δεινόν τι ποιεύμενος thinking it

**a** terrible

**thing**, [

Refs]

** A.II.8**) with numerals and

*adjectives* expressing number, size, or the like, εἷς δέ τις ἀρχὸς ἀνὴρ. ἔστω

**some** one man, [

NT+8th c.BC+]; sometimes the τις softens the definiteness of the numeral, ἑπτά τινες

**some** seven, seven

**or so**, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; so without an actual numeral, ἡμέρας τινάς

**some** days, i.e.

**several**, [

Refs]; στρατῷ τινι

**of a certain amount, considerable**, [

Refs]; ἐνιαυτόν τινα a year

**or so**, [

Refs]; so οὐ πολλοί τινες, τινὲς οὐ πολλοί, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὀλίγοι τινές or τινὲς ὀλίγοι [

Refs]; οὔ τινα πολλὸν χρόνον no

**very** long time, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; so also ὅσσος τις χρυσός what

**a** store of gold, [

Refs 8th c.BC+]

** A.II.9**) with Pronominal words, ἀλλά τί μοι τόδε θυμὸς. μερμηρίζει

**something**, namely this, [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; οἷός τις what sort of

**a** man, [

Refs 8th c.BC+]

** A.II.10**) with the Article,

** A.II.10.a**) when a noun with the

*Article* is in

*apposition* with τις, as ὅταν δ᾽ ὁ κύριος παρῇ τις when the person in authority,

**whoever he be**, is here, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; τοὺς αὐτοέντας. τιμωρεῖν τινας (variant τινα) [

Refs]

** A.II.10.b**) in Philosophic writers, τις is added to the

*Article* to show that the

*Article* is used to denote a particular individual who is not specified in the general formula, although he would be in the particular case, ὁ τὶς ἄνθρωπος

**the individual** man (

**whoever he may be), this or that** man, opposed to ἄνθρωπος (man in general), ὁ τὶς ἵππος, ἡ τὶς γραμματική, [

Refs 4th c.BC+]; τὸ τὶ μέγεθος, opposed to ὅλως τὸ μέγεθος, [

Refs 5th c.BC+], the

*Article* is used as in [

Refs 8th c.BC+] cc. (which see) ὁ, ἡ, τό [

Refs 5th c.BC+], δεῦρο ὅ τις θεός, ὄφθητί μοι in a general formula of invocation, [

Refs]

** A.II.10.c**) frequently in opposed clauses, ὁ μέν τις, ὁ δὲ. [

Refs 5th c.BC+], etc: also combined with other alternative words, ὁ μέν τις, ὁ δέ τις, ἕτερος δέ τις. [

Refs]; ὁ μὲν, ἕτερος δέ τις, ὁ δὲ, etc, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]: also in

*neuter*, τὸ μέν τι, τὸ δέ τι. [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; in

*adverbial* sense, τὸ μὲν, τὸ δέ τι.

**partly, partly. **, [

Refs 2nd c.BC+]; and τι remains unaltered even when the

*Article* is

*plural*, τὰ μέν τι μαχόμενοι, τὰ δὲ καὶ ἀναπαυόμενοι [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; also τὸ δέ τι. but

**in some** measure, without τὸ μέν preceding, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** A.II.10.d**) later τις is used as in b above but without the

*Article*, γράψον. ὅτι τι καί τι εἴληφας that you have received

**such** and

**such** things, [

Refs 2nd c.AD+]; τίς τινι χαίρειν [

Refs 2nd c.AD+]

** A.II**) the

*neuter* τι is used,

** A.II.a**) collectively, ἦν τι καὶ ἐν ταῖς Συρακούσαις there was

**a party. **, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; so perhaps τῶν ἄλλων οὔ πέρ τι πεφυγμένον ἐστ᾽ Ἀφροδίτην, οὔτε θεῶν, οὔτ᾽ ἀνθρώπων no

**class,** [

Refs] (but

*masculine* τις in [

Refs]

** A.II.b**) euphemistic for something bad, see above [

Refs]

** A.II.c**) joined with Verbs,

**somewhat, in any degree, at all**, ἦ ῥά τί μοι κεχολώσεαι [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; οὐ πάνυ τι, πολύ τι, σχεδόν τι, see at {πάνυ} [

Refs]; also in conjunction with οὐδέν, μηδέν, οὐδέν τι πάντως [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; οὐδέν, μηδέν τι μᾶλλον, [

Refs 5th c.BC+] —also καί τι καὶ. ὑποψίᾳ

**in part** also from suspicion, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** A.II.12**) τίς τε frequently in [

Refs 8th c.BC+]

** A.II.13**) ἤ τις ἢ οὐδείς

**few** or none,

**next to none**, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; ἤ τι ἢ οὐδέν

**little** or nothing, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** A.II.14**) τις is

*pleonastic* in such phrases as οὐδέν τι or μηδέν τι, see above [

Refs]

** A.II.14.b**) repeated in successive clauses, ὅσα λέγει τις ἢ πράσσειτις ἢψέγειν ἔχει [

Refs 5th c.BC+] (whereas τις is sometimes omitted in the first clause, οὔτε φωνὴν οὔτε του μορφὴν βροτῶν [

Refs 5th c.BC+], the repetition is pleonastic, as also in [

Refs 4th c.BC+]

** A.II.15**) τις is sometimes omitted, οὐδέ κεν ἔνθα τεόν γε μένος καὶ χεῖρας ὄνοιτο (i.e. τις) [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; ὡς δ᾽ ἐν ὀνείρῳ οὐ δύναται (i.e. τις) φεύγοντα διώκειν [

Refs 5th c.BC+]: τις must often be supplied from what goes before,[

Refs]

** A.II.15.b**) sometimes also τις is omitted before a

*genitive* case which must depend upon it, as ἢ [τις] τᾶς ἀσώτου Σισυφιδᾶν γενεᾶς [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; ἢν γαμῇ ποτ᾽ αὐτὸς ἢ [τις] τῶν ξυγγενῶν [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** A.III**) Accentuation and position of τις:

** A.III.1**) accentuation: τις is normally enclitic, but in certain uses is orthotone, i.e. theoretically oxytone (τίς, τινά, τινές, τινῶν, etc,[

Refs 4th c.AD+] or τις, τινὰ, τινὲς, τινῶν, etc.). According to [

Refs]

** A.III.1.a**) at the beginning of a sentence, τίς ἔνδον; is

**any one** within? [

Refs 4th c.BC+]; τί φημ; ={λέγω τι}; am I saying

**anything?** [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; <τίς ἦλθ;> ἦλθέ τις has

**anybody** come? [

Refs 2nd c.BC+]; τὶς κάθηται, τὶς περιπατεῖ,

**so and so** is sitting (walking), [

Refs 2nd c.AD+]; τὶς αἰπόλος καλούμενος Κομάτας [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; τι οὖν (τὶς ἂν εἴποι) ταῦτα λέγει; [

Refs 4th c.BC+]

** A.III.1.b**) when τις is opposed to to another τις or to some other word, τισὶ μὲν συμφέρει, τισὶ δ᾽ οὐ συμφέρει [

Refs 5th c.BC+] for

**a certain person**, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]. Codices are not consistent; in

*signification*[

Refs] they make it enclitic; in

*signification* [

Refs]; sometimes enclitic and orthotone in the same sentence, πάντα δὲ τὰ γιγνόμενα ὑπό τέ τινος γίγνεται καὶ ἔκ τινος καὶ τί [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** A.III.2**) position:

** A.III.2.a**) τις is rarely first word in the sentence, and rarely follows a pause (see. above [

Refs]; it may stand second word, ἔσκε τις ἐνθάδε μάντις ἀνήρ [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; but in general its position is not far before or after the word to which it belongs in sense, ἀλλ᾽ ἄγε δή τινα μάντιν ἐρείομεν [

Refs]

** A.III.2.b**) in

*Ionic dialect* Prose it sometimes stands between its genitive and the Article of that genitive, τῶν τις Περσέων [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; so also in late Prose, [

Refs 2nd c.AD+]

** A.III.2.c**) it stands between the

*Article* and

*substantive* in

*signification*[

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** A.III.2.d**) τίς τι is the correct order, not τί τις, “IG” 12.110.46, 5th c.BC: Thucydides Historicus 7.10, 5th-6th c.BC: Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.1.14 (codices dett.), 4th c.BC: Demosthenes Orator 22.22, etc.

** A.III.2.e**) whereas in _Attic dialect_ the order ἐάν τις is compulsory, in _Doric dialect_ the usual order is αἴ τίς κα, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]: later

*Doric dialect* εἴ τί κα [

Refs]; καἴ τι ἂν (={καὶ εἴ τι ἂν}) [

Refs 1st c.BC+], see below [

Refs 5th c.BC+]:—this

*Doric dialect* order influenced the Koine, as in the rare εἴ τις ἂν [

Refs 1st c.AD+]