Strong's Enhanced Concordance

The Aionian Bible un-translates and instead transliterates ten special words to help us better understand the extent of God’s love for individuals and all mankind, and the nature of afterlife destinies. The original translation is unaltered and an inline note is appended to 63 Old Testament and 200 New Testament verses. Compare the definitions below to the Aionian Glossary. Follow the blue link below to study the word's usage. Search for any Strong's number: g1-21369 and h1-9049.
: by
Strongs:
g5259
Word:
ὑπό
Tyndale
Word:
ὑπό
Transliteration:
hupo
Gloss:
: by
Morphhology:
Greek, Preposition
Definition:
ὑπό (before smooth breathing ὑπ᾽, Mat.8:9 b, Luk.7:8 b; before rough breathing ὑφ᾽, Rom.3:9; on the neglect of elision in Mt, Lk, ll. witha, Gal.3:22, see WH, App., 146; Tdf, Pr., iv), prep. with genitive, dative (not in NT), accusative I. C. genitive, primarily of place, under, hence, metaph, of the efficient cause, by: after passive verbs, with genitive of person(s), Mat.1:22, Mrk.1:5, Luk.2:18, Jhn.14:21, Act.4:11, 1Co.1:11, Heb.3:4, al; with genitive of thing(s), Mat.8:24, Luk.7:24, Rom.3:21, al; with neut. verbs and verbs with pass, meaning, Mat.17:12, Mrk.5:26, 1Co.10:9, 10 1Th.2:14, al. II. C. accusative, under; 1) of motion: Mat.5:15 8:8, Mrk.4:21, Luk.13:34; hence, metaph, of subjection, Rom.7:14, 1Co.15:27, Gal.3:22, 1Pe.5:6, al. 2) Of position: Jhn.1:49, Act.4:12, Rom.3:13, 1Co.10:1, al; hence, metaph, under, subject to, Mat.8:9, Rom.3:9, 1Co.9:20, Gal.4:5, al. 3) Of time, about: Act.5:21. III. In composition: under (ὑποδέω), hence, of subjection (ὑποτάσσω), compliance (ὑπακούω), secrecy (ὑποβάλλω), diminution (ὑποπνέω). (AS)
Liddell-Scott-Jones
Word:
ὑπό
Transliteration:
hupo
Gloss:
: by
Morphhology:
Greek, Preposition
Definition:
ὑπό [ῠ], preposition with genitive, dative, and accusative: Aeolic dialect ὐπά [Refs 7th c.BC+]; Boeotian dialect ὑπά Ἀρχ.Δελτ. [Refs 5th c.BC+]; Ionic dialect ηυπύ only in [Refs 5th c.BC+] ὁπύ [Refs 4th c.BC+]; in Epic dialect ὑπαί (also [Refs 5th c.BC+]: this is found in [Refs 8th c.BC+] only six times as a well-attested reading (ὑ. πόδα [Refs 8th c.BC+]; elsewhere (before λ ν ρ ϝ) it is weakly attested as see l. for ὑπὸ (?~X ¯), e.g. ποσσὶ δ᾽ ὑπὸ (variant{ὑπαὶ}) λιπαροῖσι [Refs 8th c.BC+]; but ὑπαὶ νεφέων is given by most codices in [Refs 8th c.BC+]; it is not frequently in Trag. Poets, [Refs 5th c.BC+] (ὕπο) cf. Sanskrit úpa 'towards, near to, etc.', Gothic uf 'under'.) A) WITH GENITIVE, A.I) of Place, with Verbs of motion, from under, αὖτις ἀναστήσονται ὑ. ζόφου they will rise again from under the gloom, [Refs 8th c.BC+]; ἐσιδόντες ὑπαὶ χειμῶνος αἴγλαν from under the storm-cloud, [Refs 5th c.BC+]; especially of rescuing from under another's power, after the Verbs ἐρύεσθαι, ἁρπάζειν, ῥύεσθαι, ἐρύειν, [Refs 8th c.BC+]from the consequences of, [Refs]; also ἵππους μὲν λῦσαν ὑ. ζυγοῦ from under the yoke,[Refs 8th c.BC+]; ὑπ᾽ ἀρνειοῦ λυόμην I loosed myself from under the ram, [Refs]; σπλάγχνων ὕπο ματέρος μόλεν, i.e. was born, [Refs 5th c.BC+]; rarely in Trag, ὑ. πτερῶν σπάσας [Refs 5th c.BC+]; compare ὑπέκ. A.I.2) of the object under which a thing is or is placed, under, beneath, with collateral sense of motion, as μοχλὸν ὑ. σποδοῦ ἤλασα πολλῆς thrust it in under the embers, [Refs 8th c.BC+]: also without the sense of motion, ὑπ᾽ ἀνθερεῶνος ὀχεὺς τέτατο [Refs 8th c.BC+] = under takes genitive in Attic dialect, accusative in 'Hellenic' Greek; κατακρύψας ὑ. κόπρου, which is variant in [Refs 8th c.BC+] is called by [Refs]; but in Attic dialect Prose, [Refs 5th c.BC+] is almost limited to these and a few other phrases, especially ὑ. γῆ; it is not found at all in [LXX+5th c.BC+], Ptolemaic papyri, and NT; [Refs 5th c.BC+] (= from under) [Refs]; the Orators have only ὑ. μάλης, [Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὑ. γῆς is found in [Refs 5th c.BC+] (ὑ. τῆς γῆς), [Refs] A.I.2.b) metaphorically, ἀρετῶσι δὲ λαοὶ ὑπ᾽ αὐτοῦ under his rule, [Refs 8th c.BC+] A.II) of Cause or Agency, frequently with passive Verbs, and with intransitive Verbs in passive sense, μή πως τάχ᾽ ὑπ᾽ αὐτοῦ δουρὶ δαμήῃς [Refs 8th c.BC+]; εὖτ᾽ ἂν πολλοὶ ὑφ᾽ Ἕκτορος θνῂσκοντες πίπτωσι[Refs 8th c.BC+]; κλύοντές ἐσμεν αἰσχίστους λόγους. τοῦδ᾽ ὑπ᾽ ἀνδρὸς ἀρτίως we have been called shameful names by, [Refs 5th c.BC+]; κακῶς ὑ. τῶν πολιτῶν ἀκούειν to be ill spoken of by, [Refs 5th c.BC+]; of a subordinate agent, ὑ. κήρυκος προαγορεύειν, ἀπειπεῖν κηρύκων ὕπο, [Refs 5th c.BC+] substantive, τὸ ὑ. νόμου ἐπίταγμα (i. e. ἐπιταττόμενον)[Refs 5th c.BC+]; so ἄτρωτον ἦν ὑ. στύγους (={οὐ τετρωμένον}) probably in [Refs 4th c.BC+] A.II.2) also in pregnant phrases, not only of the immediate act of the agent, but also of its further result, ὅθ᾽ ὑ. λιγέων ἀνέμων σπέρχωσιν ἄελλαι hasten driven on by them, [Refs 8th c.BC+]; ὑφ᾽ Ἕκτορος. φεύγοντες fleeing before him,[Refs 8th c.BC+]; ἔπαινον, αἰτίαν ἔχειν ὑ. τινῶν, [Refs 5th c.BC+] A.II.3) frequently of things as well as persons, ὡς διάκειμαι ὑ. τῆς νόσου [Refs 5th c.BC+]; χαλεπῶς ἔχειν ὑ. τραυμάτων [Refs 5th c.BC+]; κατεσκεύασαν τὰς πύλας κλείεσθαι ὑ. σφύρας τε μεγάλης καὶ κτύπου παμμεγέθους γιγνομένου [Refs 4th c.BC+]: of the agency of feelings, passions, etc, ἀνόρουσ᾽ ὑ. χάρματος [Refs]; ἐνδακρύειν, ἀνολολύξαι χαρᾶς ὕπο, [Refs 8th c.BC+] from courage, i. e. impelled by courage, [Refs 5th c.BC+]; οὐδὲ σέ γε δόλος ἔσχ᾽ ὑ. χειρὸς ἐμᾶς by my agency, [Refs 5th c.BC+]; αἰ μήτις αὐτὸς δοίη, μὴ ὑπ᾽ ἀνάγκας not under compulsion, [Refs] A.II.4) ὑπό frequently serves to denote the attendant or accompanying circumstances, νέφος ἐρχόμενον κατὰ πόντον ὑ. Ζεφύροιο ἰωῆς [Refs 8th c.BC+]participle added, ἀμφὶ δὲ νῆες σμερδαλέον κονάβησαν ἀϋσάντων ὑπ᾽ Ἀχαιῶν at their shouting, i.e. when they shouted, [Refs] A.II.5) of accompanying music, to give the time, κώμαζον ὑπ᾽ αὐλοῦ [Refs 8th c.BC+]: generally, of anything attendant, δαΐδων ὕ. λαμπομενάων ἠγίνεον by torchlight, [Refs 8th c.BC+]; ὑπ᾽ εὐφήμου βοῆς θῦσαι offer a sacrifice accompanied by it, [Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὑ. φανοῦ πορεύεσθαι by lantern-light, [Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὑ. πομπῆς ἐξάγειν τινά in or with solemn procession, [Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὑ. βίης βήξας coughing with violence, violently, [Refs 5th c.BC+]; ἐτόξευον ὑ. μαστίγων, i.e. they shot and lashed, [Refs 5th c.BC+] A.II.6) ὑ. Ἑλλανοδικᾶν, ={ἐπί} with genitive, [Refs 4th c.BC+] A.II.7) in Mathematics texts, ἡ ὑ. ΘΔΗ the angle ΘΔΗ (={ἡ ὑ. τῶν ΘΔ, ΔΗ περιεχομένη γωνία}), [Refs 5th c.AD+]; but also τὸ ὑ. τῶν ΑΓ, ΓΒ the rectangle contained by ΑΓ, ΓΒ, ={ΑΓ χ ΓΒ}, [Refs 3rd c.BC+] A.II.8) ναῦλον ὄνων γ εἰς τὴν πόλιν ὑ. οἴνου laden with wine, Papyrus in [Refs 2nd c.AD+] B) WITH DATIVE (especially in Poets, never in [LXX] or NT, not common in [Refs 4th c.BC+], of Position under, ὑ. ποσσί [Refs 8th c.BC+]; ὑ. Τμώλῳ at its foot,[Refs 8th c.BC+]; τῶν θανόντων ὑπ᾽ Ἰλίῳ under its walls, [Refs 8th c.BC+]; ηυπὺ τῇ κλίνῃ τούτῃ ληνὸς (or Λῆνος) ηύπυ [Refs 5th c.BC+]; στρουθοὶ ὑ. τῇ τραπέζῃ [Refs 4th c.BC+]; ὑ. τῇ μασχάλῃ [Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὁ ὑ. τῇ γῇ ἀήρ under the earth, [Refs]; ἐὰν ὑ. σοὶ κατακλινῇ lies next below you, [Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὑφ᾽ ἅρμασι under, i.e. yoked to, the chariot, [Refs 8th c.BC+]; τά τε θηρία καὶ τὰς ὑπ᾽ αὐτοῖς σχεδίας under them, on which they stood, [Refs 4th c.BC+] “*Deff.” 135.12; ὑ. τῷ δέρματι [Refs 2nd c.AD+] B.2) with Verbs of motion, where rest or position follows, εἷσαν ὑ. φηγῷ set [him] down under it, [Refs 8th c.BC+] B.3) in such phrases as ὑ. χερσί τινος ἁλῶναι, δαμῆναι, [Refs]; ἐμῇς ὑ. χερσὶ δάμασσον [Refs 8th c.BC+] B.4) behind, ὑ. φάλαγγι [Refs 1st c.BC+]; under the cover or protection of, ὑ. τούτῳ τῷ φράγματι τοὺς ὑπορύσσοντας εἶναι [Refs 4th c.BC+] B.II) of the person under whose hand, power, or influence, or the thing by or through which a thing is done, ὑπ᾽ Ἀργείοισι φέβοντο fled before them, [Refs 8th c.BC+]; ἀτῆθαι ὑ. τῷ μεμφομένῳ [Refs]; ὁ χρησμὸς ὁ γεγονὼς ὑ. τοῖ Ἀπόλλωνι [Refs] B.II.2) expressing subjection or dependence, ὑ. τινί under one's power, δέδμητο δὲ λαὸς ὑπ᾽ αὐτῷ [Refs 8th c.BC+]; εἶναι ὑ. τισί to be subordinate, subject to them, [Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὑ. Χείρωνι τεθραμμένος under the eye of, [Refs 5th c.BC+]; ἔχειν ὑφ᾽ ἑαυτῷ have under one, at one's command, [Refs 5th c.BC+]: in pregnant sense, ἵνα. πάντα ὑ. Πέρσῃσι γένηται [Refs 5th c.BC+] B.II.3) of the subordination of things coming under a class, αἱ ὑ. ταῖς τέχναις ἐργασίαι [Refs 5th c.BC+] B.II.4) as in [Refs 4th c.BC+] advanced to the music of the flute-player, [Refs 8th c.BC+]; ὑπ᾽ αὐλῷ, ὑ. κήρυκι καὶ θεολόγῳ, [Refs 1st c.AD+]: generally, of attendant circumstances, ἐξ ἁλὸς εἶσι. πνοιῇ ὕπο Ζεφύροιο [Refs 8th c.BC+]; ὑ. ῥάβδοις καὶ πελέκεσι κατιών escorted by the lictors, [Refs 1st c.AD+]; ὑ. σκότῳ, νυκτί, [Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὑ. πολλῷ στρατῷ escorted by a great host, [Refs 5th c.BC+] — ὑπό has no sense with dative which it has not also with genitive; but all its senses with genitive do not belong to the dative:—later ὑπό with dative is found as a mere periphrastic of the dative, στέφος. αὐτὸς ὑφ᾽ ἡμετέραις πλεξάμενος παλάμαις [Refs 3rd c.BC+] C) WITH ACCUSATIVE, of Place; to express motion towards and under an object, ὑ. σπέος ἤλασε μῆλα drove them under, i.e. into, the cave, [Refs 8th c.BC+]; σεῦ ὕστερος εἶμ᾽ ὑ. γαῖαν, i.e. shall die, [Refs 8th c.BC+]; κατακρύπτειν τινὰ ὑ. τὴν αὐτὴν θύρην under shelter of it, i.e. behind it, [Refs 8th c.BC+]; of coming close up under a lofty citadel, ἤλθεθ᾽ ὑ. Τροίην up to T, [Refs 8th c.BC+]; ὑ. ταὐτὸ στέγος εἰσελθεῖν [Refs]; πᾶν ὃ ἐὰν ἔλθῃ. ὑ. τὴν ῥάβδον [LXX]; so ὑ. δικαστήριον ὑπαχθείς, ἀγαγόντες, [Refs 5th c.BC+] C.2) of Position or Extension under an object, without sense of motion, Ἀρκαδίην ὑ. Κυλλήνης ὄρος [Refs 8th c.BC+]; ἀνθέντω ὑ. τὸν ναὸν τᾶς Δάματρος [Refs 2nd c.BC+]; ὅσσοι ἔασιν ὑπ᾽ ἠῶ τ᾽ ἠέλιόν τε everywhere under the sun, [LXX+8th c.BC+]; τὸ ὑ. τὴν ἀκρόπολιν [Refs 8th c.BC+]; ὑ. γῆν is more frequently than ὑ. γῆς in [Refs 5th c.BC+]; it is found also in [Refs 2nd c.BC+]; ὑ. γῆν the nadir, opposed to μεσουράνημα, [Refs 1st c.AD+]; also ἄγχε δέ μιν. ἱμὰς ἁπαλὴν ὑ. δειρήν [Refs 8th c.BC+]; οὐλὴ ὑπ᾽ ὀφθαλμὸν δεξιόν [Refs 3rd c.BC+]; ὑ. τὸ μέρος τοῦ ἐνοφειλομένου ὑπογραψάτω ὅσον ἰδίᾳ ἔχει [Refs 3rd c.BC+]; κείμενος ὑ. τὸν ὀμφαλόν [Refs 5th c.BC+]; καταψύξατε ὑ. τὸ δένδρον [LXX]; ὑ. τὸν λέβητα[LXX]; ὑ. τοὺς πόδας[LXX+1st c.AD+]; ἡ ὑ. πόδα (i.e. γραμμή) the base of a triangle, [Refs 2nd c.BC+] “*Mens.” 55; also ὑπ᾽ αὐγὰς. λεύσσουσαι πέπλους holding them up to the light, [Refs 5th c.BC+]; also ὑ. τὸν ὀφθαλμόν close to the eye, [Refs 5th c.BC+]: of subordinate position. κατακλίνεσθαι ὑ. τινά [Refs 2nd c.AD+]; τίς ὑ. τίν; who is next to whom, [Refs 1st c.AD+] C.2.b) in Mathematics texts, ὁ κύβος ὁ ὑ. τὴν. σφαῖραν inscribed in the sphere, [Refs 3rd c.BC+]; ὑ. τὰν αὐτὰν γωνίαν subtending, [Refs 3rd c.BC+] C.3) of the logical subordination of things under a class, τῶν ἑτερογενῶν καὶ μὴ ὑπ᾽ ἄλληλα τεταγμένων [Refs 4th c.BC+]; οἱ ὑ. τὸ ψεῦδος τεταγμένοι in the category of, [Refs 2nd c.AD+] C.II) of subjection, control, dependence, never in [Refs 8th c.BC+], etc. (see. ἥλιος [Refs 3rd c.BC+]; τοῦ τοπαρχοῦντος ὑ. σέ [Refs 3rd c.BC+]; στρατενσάμενον ὑ. ἄρχοντα Ἀντίοχον [Refs]; μηδὲ ὑ. δεσπότην ὤν [LXX]; for ὑ. χεῖρα, see at {χεί; οἱ ὑ. τινά} [Refs 5th c.BC+] C.III) of Time, in the course of, during, or to be left untranslated in English, ἐκέλευε Τοωσὶ ποτὶ πτόλιν ἡγήσασθαι νύχθ᾽ ὕ. τήνδ᾽ ὀλοήν [Refs 8th c.BC+]; ὑ. τὴν πρώτην ἐπελθοῦσαν νύκτα ἀπέδρη[LXX]: rarely with stress on the duration, πάνθ᾽ ὑ. μηνιθμόν throughout its continuance, [Refs 8th c.BC+]; οὐδὲν τῶν κατ᾽ Αἴγυπτον ὑ. ταῦτα ἑτεροιωθῆναι during that time, [Refs] C.III.2) also of Time, about, sometimes more precisely at, and of events, about or at the time of, ὑπ᾽ αὐτὸν τὸν χρόνον ὅτε. [Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὑφ᾽ ἕνα καιρόν at one time, [Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὑ. τὴν ἑωθινήν, ὑ. τὴν ὄρφνην, [NT+2nd c.BC+]; ποιεῖσθαι τοὺς περιπάτους ὑ. τὸ ψῦχος in the cool of the morning, [Refs 2nd c.BC+]; ὑφ᾽ ἓν πάντες all at once, at the same time, [Refs 2nd c.AD+]; παιδάριον ὑ. τὴν ἀναπνοὴν ἑπτὰ καὶ πέντε στίχους συνεῖρον in one breath, [Refs 2nd c.BC+]; ὑφ᾽ ἓν ἐκτρῖψαι at one blow, [LXX]; ὑ. μίαν ἄρσιν καὶ θέσιν ἀνατείνοντες καὶ κατατιθέμενοι, of a squad of diggers, [Refs]; ὑ. μίαν φωνήν Aristeas 178; πῶς γὰρ ἂν ὑ. τὰς αὐτὰς ἡμέρας ἔν τε τῇ Ἰταλίᾳ καὶ ἐν τῇ Κιλικίᾳ. πολεμήσει; at the same time, [Refs 2nd c.AD+]; sometimes with participle, ὑ. τὸν νηὸν κατακαέντα at the time of its burning, [Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὑ. τὴν κατάλυσιν τοῦ πολέμου just at the end, [Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὑ. τὸν θυμὸν ἐκ χειρὸς ἐπιστρατευσαμένων at the very time of their anger, [Refs 2nd c.BC+]; παραδόντω τοῖς αἱρεθεῖσι εἰς τὸν ὑπ᾽ αὐτὰ (or ὕπαυτα as adverb ={ἑξῆς}) ἐνιαυτόν [Refs 2nd c.BC+]; ὑ. κύνα [Refs 4th c.BC+] C.IV) of accompaniment, ὑπὸ ὄρχησίν τε καὶ ᾠδήν [Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὑ. κήρυκα (see. κῆρυξ [Refs 5th c.BC+] C.IV.2) ὄνον ἕνα ὑ. λαχανόσπερμον laden with, Meyer [Refs 1st c.AD+]; ὄνοι ὑ. δένδρα [Refs 3rd c.AD+]; compare above [Refs 4th c.BC+] D) POSITION: ὑ. can follow its substantive, becoming by anastrophe ὕπο. It is frequently separated from the substantive by intervening words, as in [Refs 8th c.BC+] —ὑπαί is placed after its case in [Refs 5th c.BC+] E) AS adverb, under, below, beneath, frequently in [Refs 8th c.BC+]; especially of young animals, under the mother, i.e. at the breast, [Refs 8th c.BC+] E.2) behind, [Refs 5th c.BC+] E.II) ὑπ᾽ ἐκ or ὑπέκ, see at {ὑπέκ}.—In [Refs 8th c.BC+] the separation of the preposition from its Verb by tmesis is very frequently, and sometimes it follows, in which case it suffers anastrophe, φυγὼν ὕπο νηλεὲς ἦμαρ [Refs 8th c.BC+] F) IN COMPOSITION (joined with other words): F.I) under, as well of rest as of motion, as in ὕπειμι, ὑποβαίνω, etc. F.I.2) of the casing or covering of one thing with another, as ὑπάργυρος, ὑπόχρυσος. F.I.3) of the agency or influence under which a thing is done, to express subjection or subordination, ὑποδαμνάω, ὑποδμώς, ὑφηνίοχος, compare ἐπί [Refs] F.II) denoting what is in small degree or gradual, somewhat, a little, as in ὑποκινέω, ὑποδεής, ὑπόλευκος (so in tmesi, ὑ. τι ἀσεβῆ [Refs 5th c.BC+] F.III) underhand, secretly, as in ὑποθέω, ὑποθωπεύω, ὑποκορίζομαι, ὑπόρνυμι.
Strongs
Word:
ὑπό
Transliteration:
hypó
Pronounciation:
hoop-o'
Language:
Greek
Morphhology:
Preposition
Definition:
under, i.e. (with the genitive case) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative case) of place (whither (underneath) or where (below) or time (when (at)); among, by, from, in, of, under, with; a primary preposition;