** ὅσος**,

*Epic dialect* **ὅσσος**, η, ον, both forms in [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; ὅσσος also in [

Refs 4th c.BC+]; and in many dialects, e. g. Lesb, [

Refs 7th c.BC+] ii 18 (ὄσσος), argument, [

Refs 4th c.BC+]; Central Cretan dialect

**ὄζος** [

Refs], and

**ὄττος** [

Refs]

*adjective*:—of Size,

**as great as, how great**; of Quantity,

**as much as, how much**; of Space,

**as far as, how far**; of Time,

**as long as, how long**; of Number,

**as many as, how many**; of Sound,

**as loud as, how loud**:

*correlative* with τόσος (τόσσος), τοσόσδε, τοσοῦτος, in sense

**as,** τόσσον χρόνον ὅσσον ἄνωγας [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; τοσοῦτον ὄχλον καὶ παρασκευήν, ὅσην. [

Refs 4th c.BC+] as antecedent, χῶρον ἅπαντα ὅσσον. [

Refs 8th c.BC+] just so much

**as,** ἐμοὶ δ᾽ ἴσον τῇς χώρας μέτα, ὅσονπερ ὑμῖν [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; ἀσπίδες ὅσσαι ἄρισται [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; agreeing with an antecedent implied in an

*adjective*, γυναικείας ἀρετῆς, ὅσαι. the virtue

**of all the women, who,** [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

*substantive* frequently precedes, where we put it in the Relat. clause, οὐδέ τι οἶδε πένθεος[

Refs 8th c.BC+]; ὁρᾷς. τὴν θεῶν ἰσχύν, ὅση [ἐστί]; [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὦ Ζεῦ, τὸ χρῆμα τῶν κόπων ὅσον! [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; τὸ χρῆμα τῶν νυκτῶν ὅσον· ἀπέραντον! [

Refs 8th c.BC+] the quantities of the first ingredient and the others, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** 2**) with a

*partitive* *genitive* in the principal clause, Τρώων θάνον ὅσσοι ἄριστοι [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; οὔ τις. ὀνόσσεται, ὅσσοι Ἀχαιοί of all the Achaeans, [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; [τῶν στρατειῶν] ὅσαι τε καὶ μὴ ἐπικίνδυνοι which are and which are not, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; on τῶν ὅσοι, see ὁ, ἡ, τό [

Refs 4th c.BC+]

** 3**) of Time, ὅσαι ἡμέραι, ὅσα ἔτη, etc, see at {ὁσημέραι}.

** 4**) with τις, in indirect questions, ἰδώμεθα. ὅσσος τις χρυσὸς. ἔνεστιν [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; ὅσον τι ἐστί[

Refs]

** 5**) with

*accusative* of extent, λίμνη. μέγαθος, ὅσηπερ ἡ ἐν Δήλῳ in size

**as large as** that in Delos, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** 6**) with

*adjectives* expressing Quantity, etc, both words being put in the same case, [πίθηκοι] ἄφθονοι ὅσοι. γίνονται, i. e. in amazing numbers, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὄχλος ὑπερφυὴς ὅσος prodigiously large, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; ἀπλάτων ὅσων, ἀμύθητα ὅσα, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; μετὰ ἱδρῶτος θαυμαστοῦ ὅσου [

Refs 5th c.BC+]: frequently in adverbial construction, θαυμαστὸν ὅσον ἐπιδιδόντες [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** 7**) with

*superlative*, ὅσας ἂν πλείστας δύνωνται καταστρέφεσθαι τῶν πολίων the most they possibly could, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; also ὅσον τάχος

**as** quickly

**as possible,** [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὅσον σθένος with all possible strength, [

Refs 3rd c.BC+]

** 8**) with

*infinitive*,

**so much as is enough for,** ὅσον ἀποζῆν

**enough to** live off, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; εὐδαιμονίας τοσοῦτον, ὅσον δοκεῖν so much

**as is enough for** appearance, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** II**) for ὅτι τοσοῦτος (see. οἷος [

Refs 8th c.BC+]

** III**) followed by Particles:

** III.1**) ὅσος ἄν (κεν)

**how great (many) soever,** with

*subjunctive*, [

Refs 8th c.BC+]

** III.2**) ὅσος δή

**of such and such a size** or

**number** (but in [

Refs 8th c.BC+] naming

**such and such an amount,** [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; ἐπέταξε τοῖσι. ἔθνεσι γυναῖκας. κατιστάναι, ὅσας δὴ ἐπιτάσσων ordering

**such and such a number,** [

Refs]; παρεσκευάζοντο ἐπὶ μισθῷ ὅσῳ δή for payment

**of a certain amount,** [

Refs]; ὁσοσδηποτοῦν, in

*plural*,

**any number whatsoever,** [

Refs 3rd c.BC+]

**however large,** [

Refs 1st c.BC+]

** III.3**) ὁσοσοῦν,

*Ionic dialect* -ῶν,

**ever so small,** [

Refs 5th c.BC+]: in

*plural*,

**however many,** [

Refs 4th c.BC+]

** III.4**) ὅσοσπερ,

**precisely as great as,** τοῦ μὲν χειμῶνός ἐστι [ὁ Ἴστρος] ὅσοσπέρ ἐστι

**of its normal size,** [

Refs 5th c.BC+], etc: in

*plural*,

**as many as,** [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; and this is still more the case with

*Epic dialect* ὅσος τε (compare ὅστε), [

Refs 8th c.BC+]

** IV**) Adverbial usages of ὅσον and ὅσα:

** IV.1**)

**so far as, so much as,** οὐ μέντοι ἐγὼ τόσον αἴτιός εἰμι, ὅσσον οἱ ἄλλοι [

Refs 8th c.BC+]

*infinitive*, ὅσον αὔξειν ἢ καθαιρεῖν

**so far as** to, [

Refs 4th c.BC+]

*infinitive*, ὅσον γέ μ᾽ εἰδέναι

**as far as** I know, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; so μακραίων γ᾽, ὅσ᾽ ἀπεικάσαι conjecture in [

Refs 5th c.BC+]: but more frequently with

*indicative*, ὅσσον ἔγωγε γιγνώσκω [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; ὅσον καθ᾽ ἕν᾽ ἄνδρα

**so far as** was in one man's power, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὅσα γε τἀνθρώπεια

**humanly** speaking, [

Refs]

** IV.1.b**)

**how far, how much,** ἴστε γὰρ ὅσσον ἐμοὶ ἀρετῇ περιβάλλετον ἵπποι [

Refs 8th c.BC+]: with

*adjectives*,

**how,** ὅσον or ὅσσον. μέγ᾽ ὄνειαρ, [

Refs 8th c.BC+]

** IV.2**)

**only so far as, only just,** ὅσον ἐς Σκαιάς τε πύλας καὶ φηγὸν ἵκανεν [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; ὅσον καὶ ἀπὸ βοῆς ἕνεκα ὠργίζετο, opposed to τῷ ἀληθεῖ ἐχαλέπαινον, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; τί οὐκ ἀπεκοιμήθημεν ὅ. ὅ. στίλη; [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; ἐπαναγαγεῖν ὅ. ὅ. [

NT]; ὅσον· ὀλίγον, ὅσον ὅσον δέ, ὀλίγον ὀλίγον, [

Refs 5th c.AD+]; παρ᾽ ὅσον ἧττον

**a little** less, [

Refs 2nd c.BC+]; οὐδ᾽ ὅσον

**not even,** οὐδ᾽ ὅ. ἀττάραγόν τυ δεδοίκαμες [

Refs 3rd c.BC+]:

*absolutely*,

**not the least mite,** [

Refs 4th c.BC+]; cf. IV. 5.

** IV.3**) of size or distance, ὅσον τε

**about, nearly,** ὅσον τ᾽ ὄργυιαν, ὅσον τε πυγούσιον, [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; in

*Attic dialect* ὅσον alone, ὅσον δύο πλέθρα [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; so of other measurements, ὅσον τριχοίνικον ἄρτον [

Refs]

** IV.4**) with

*adjectives* of Quality or Degree, mostly with

*comparative*, αἴθ᾽, ὅσον ἥσσων εἰμί, τόσον σέο φέρτερος εἴην [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; ὅσσον βασιλεύτερός εἰμι

**so far as, inasmuch as** I am a greater king, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** IV.5**) with

*negatives*, ὅσον οὐ or ὁσονού

**just not, all but**[

Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὅσον οὐκ ἤδη

**almost** immediately, [

Refs 5th c.BC+] with

*future*,

**presently, in a minute,** [

Refs 2nd c.AD+]

** IV.5.b**) οὐχ ὅσον οὐκ ἠμύναντο, ἀλλ᾽ οὐδ᾽ ἐσώθησαν

**not only not, but not even,** [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** IV.5.c**) ὅσον μή

**so far as not, save** or

**except so far as,** καλός τε κἀγαθὸς τὴν φύσιν, ὅσον μὴ ὑβριστής (sic to be read) [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὅσον γ᾽ ἂν αὐτὸς μὴ ποτιψαύων

**so far as I can** without touching, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]: sometimes with a finite Verb, πείθεσθαι, ὅσον ἂν μὴ ἀνάγκη ᾖ [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** IV.6**) ὁσονοῦν,

*Ionic dialect* ὁσονῶν,

**ever so little,** εἰ τοίνυν ἐχιόνιζε καὶ ὁσονῶν [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** IV.7**) ὅσα and ὅσαπερ, just like{ὡς, ὥσπερ},

**as,** [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** V**) ὅσῳ, ὅσῳπερ,

**by how much,** frequently with

*comparative*, ὅσῳ πλέον ἥμισυ παντός [

Refs 8th c.BC+]: with

*superlative*, διέδεξε, ὅσῳ ἐστὶ τοῦτο ἄριστον [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** V.2**) ὅσῳ with

*comparative* when followed by another

*comparative* with τοσούτῳ,

**the more, so much the more**, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]: sometimes a

*superlative* replaces the

*comparative*, ὅσῳ μάλιστα ἐλεύθεροι, τοσούτῳ καὶ θρασύτατα [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὅσῳ alone, ἑωυτοὺς δὲ γενέσθαι τοσούτῳ, ἀμείνονας, ὅσῳ. [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** VI**) ἐς ὅσον, ἐφ᾽ ὅσον, καθ᾽ ὅσον are frequently used much like{ὅσον, εἰς ὅσον σθένω} [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; ἐφ᾽ ὅσον ἐστὶν δυνατός

**as far as** he can, [

Refs 2nd c.BC+]; later of Time, ἐς ὅσον δύναμίς μοι ὑπῆρχεν

**as long as.** [

Refs 2nd c.AD+]; ἐφ᾽ ὅσον περιῆσαν

**as long as** they lived, Mitteis [

Refs 2nd c.BC+]

** VI.2**) ἐν ὅσῳ

**while,** [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** VII**) no

*adverb* ὅσως occurs.