** γε**,

*Doric dialect* and

*Boeotian dialect* **γα**, enclitic Particle, giving emphasis to the word or words which it follows.

** I**) with single words,

**at least, at any rate**, but often only to be rendered by italics in writing, or emphasis in pronunciation: τὸ γὰρ. σιδήρου γε κράτος ἐστίν such is the power of

**iron**, [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; εἴ που πτωχῶν γε θεοὶ. εἰσίν if the poor

**have** any gods to care for them,[

Refs]; ὅ γ᾽ ἐνθάδε λεώς

**at any rate** the people here, [

Refs 5th c.BC+] not

**even** two, [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; οὔκουν φθόγγος γε not

**the least** sound, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** I.2**) with Pronouns: with

*pronoun* of

*1st pers.* [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; τουτογί, ταυταγί, etc, [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; ὅσον γε χρῄζεις

**even** as much as,[

Refs 5th c.BC+]: rarely with

*interrogative* Pronouns, τίνα γε. εἶπας

**;**[

Refs 5th c.BC+]; ποίου γε τούτου πλήν γ᾽ Ὀδυσσέως ἐρεῖς

**;** [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** I.3**) after Conjunctions, to emphasize the modification or condition introduced by the subjoined clause, πρίν γε, before

**at least**, sometimes repeated, οὐ μὲν. ὀΐω πρίν γ᾽ ἀποπαύσεσθαι, πρίν γε. αἵματος ἆσαι Ἀρῆα [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; πρὶν ἄν γε or πρίν γ᾽ ἄν, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; εἴ γε, ἐάν γε, if

**that is to say**, if

**really**, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; also simply to lay stress on the condition, κἄν γε μὴ λέγω and

**if** I do not, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; εἴπερ γε if

**at any rate**, [

Refs 5th c.BC+], etc; ὥστε γε (variant{ὥς γε}), with

*infinitive*, so far

**at least** as to, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; ὥς γε or ὥσπερ γε as

**at least**, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]:—γε may follow τε, when τε is closely attached to the preceding word, ὡς οἷόν τέ γε μάλιστα [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** I.4**) after other Particles, καὶ μὴν. γε, οὐ μὴν. γε, with words intervening, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; after ἄν in apodosi, when preceded by οὐ or καί, [

Refs]; ἄταρ. γε but

**yet**, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; καίτοι γε, see at {καί το; ἀλλά γε} (without intervening words) is

*falsa lectio* in [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; ἀλλά γε δή uncertain in [

Refs 1st c.AD+]

** I.5**) when preceding other Particles, γε commonly refers to the preceding word, while the Particle retains its own force: but sometimes modifies the sense of the following Particle, γε μήν

**nevertheless**, πάντως γε μήν [

Refs 5th c.BC+];

*Epic dialect* and

*Ionic dialect* γε μέν [

Refs 8th c.BC+] frequently strengthens an assertion, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; γέ τοι, implying that the assertion is

**the least** that one can say, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; γέ που

**at all events, any how**, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; for γε οὖν, see at {γοῦν}.

** II**) exercising an influence over the whole clause:

** II.1**) epexegetic,

**namely, that is**, Διός γε διδόντος

**that is** if God grant it, [

Refs 8th c.BC+]; κλῦθι, Ποσείδαον, εἰ ἐτεόν γε σός εἰμι if

**indeed** I am really thine, [

Refs] any man—

**at least** any wise man, [

Refs]; frequently preceded by καί, usually with words intervening, ἦ μὴν κελεύσω κἀπιθωΰξω γε πρός

**ay and** besides that, [

Refs 4th c.BC+]; παρῆσάν τινες καὶ πολλοί γε some,

**ay and** a great many, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; frequently with the last term in an enumeration, ταύτῃ ἄρα. πρακτέον καὶ γυμναστέον καὶ ἐδεστέον γε καὶ ποτέον [

LXX]; rarely without intervening words, καί γε ὁ θάνατος διὰ τὴν μοίρην ἔλαχεν [

NT+5th c.BC+]

** II.2**) in dialogue, in answers where something is added to the statement of the previous speaker, as ἔπεμψέ τίς σοι. κρέα

**;** Answ. καλῶς γε ποιῶν

**yes and** quite right too, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; κενὸν τόδ᾽ ἄγγος, ἢ στέγει τι

**;** Answ. σά γ᾽ ἔνδυτα.

**yes indeed**, your clothes, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; οὕτω γὰρ ἂν μάλιστα δηχθείη πόσις. Answ. σὺ δ᾽ ἂν γένοιο γ᾽ ἀθλιωτάτη γυνή

**yes truly**, and you, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; πάνυ γε

**yes** certainly, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; οὕτω γέ πως

**yes** somehowso, [

Refs]; sometimes preceded by καί, καὶ οὐδέν γ᾽ ἄτοπον

**yes** and no wonder, [

Refs]; sometimes ironically, εὖ γε κηδεύεις πόλιν [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** II.3**) to heighten a contrast or opposition,

** II.3.a**) after conditional clauses, εἰ μὲν δὴ σύ γ᾽, τῷ κε Ποσειδάων γε. if

**you** do so, then

**at all events** Poseidon will, [

Refs 8th c.BC+] {γέα}; ἐπεὶ πρὸς τοῦτο σιωπᾶν ἥδιόν σοι. τόδε γε εἰπέ

**at any rate** tell me this, [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** II.3.b**) in disjunctive sentences to emphasize an alternative, ἤτοι κεῖνόν γε. δεῖ ἀπόλλυσθαι ἢ σέ. [

Refs 8th c.BC+]: also in the second clause, εἰπέ μοι, ἠὲ ἑκὼν ὑποδάμνασαι ἤ σέ γε λαοὶ ἐχθαίρουσι [

Refs 8th c.BC+]

** II.4**) in exclamations, etc, ὥς γε μή ποτ᾽ ὤφελον λαβεῖν uncertain in [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; in oaths, οὔτοι μὰ τὴν Δήμητρά γ᾽ variant in [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; merely in strong assertions, τίς ἂν φιλέοντι μάχοιτ; ἄφρων δὴ κεῖνός γέ. [

Refs 8th c.BC+]

** II.5**) implying concession, εἶμί γε

**well then** I will go (in apodosi), [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** III**) γε frequently repeated in protasis and apodosis, as πρίν γε, πρίν γε, see[

Refs 5th c.BC+]; even in the same clause, οὐδέν γ᾽ ἄλλο πλήν γε καρκίνους [

Refs 5th c.BC+]

** IV**) POSITION: γε normally follows the word which it limits; but is frequently placed immediately after the Article, as ὅ γε πόλεμος [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; or the

*preposition*, κατά γε τὸν σὸν λόγον [

Refs 5th c.BC+]; τὸ δέ γε[

Refs]; frequently in retorts, ἁμές ποκ᾽ ἦμες ἄλκιμοι νεανίαι. Answ. ἁμὲς δέ γ᾽ εἰμές [

Refs]; οὐκ οἶδ᾽ ὅτι λέγεις. Answ. ἡ γραῦς δέ γε οἶδ᾽, ὡς ἐγῷμαι [

Refs 4th c.BC+]