اَلتَّثْنِيَة 32

«اِنْصِتِي أَيَّتُهَا ٱلسَّمَاوَاتُ فَأَتَكَلَّمَ، وَلْتَسْمَعِ ٱلْأَرْضُ أَقْوَالَ فَمِي. ١ 1
Give ear, you heavens, and let me speak. Let the earth listen to the words of my mouth.
يَهْطِلُ كَٱلْمَطَرِ تَعْلِيمِي، وَيَقْطُرُ كَٱلنَّدَى كَلَامِي. كَٱلطَّلِّ عَلَى ٱلْكَلاءِ، وَكَالْوَابِلِ عَلَى ٱلْعُشْبِ. ٢ 2
Let my teaching drop down like the rain, let my speech distill like the dew, like the gentle rain on the tender grass, and like the showers on the plants.
إِنِّي بِٱسْمِ ٱلرَّبِّ أُنَادِي. أَعْطُوا عَظَمَةً لِإِلَهِنَا. ٣ 3
For I will proclaim the name of Yahweh, and ascribe greatness to our God.
هُوَ ٱلصَّخْرُ ٱلْكَامِلُ صَنِيعُهُ. إِنَّ جَمِيعَ سُبُلِهِ عَدْلٌ. إِلَهُ أَمَانَةٍ لَا جَوْرَ فِيهِ. صِدِّيقٌ وَعَادِلٌ هُوَ. ٤ 4
The Rock, his work is perfect; for all his paths are just. He is the faithful God, without iniquity. He is just and upright.
«أَفْسَدَ لَهُ ٱلَّذِينَ لَيْسُوا أَوْلَادَهُ عَيْبُهُمْ، جِيلٌ أَعْوَجُ مُلْتوٍ. ٥ 5
They have acted corruptly against him. They are not his children. It is their disgrace. They are a perverted and crooked generation.
أَلرَّبَّ تُكَافِئُونَ بِهَذَا يَا شَعْبًا غَبِيًّا غَيْرَ حَكِيمٍ؟ أَلَيْسَ هُوَ أَبَاكَ وَمُقْتَنِيَكَ، هُوَ عَمِلَكَ وَأَنْشَأَكَ؟ ٦ 6
Do you reward Yahweh in this way, you foolish and senseless people? Is he not your father, the one who has created you? He made you and established you.
اُذْكُرْ أَيَّامَ ٱلْقِدَمِ، وَتَأَمَّلُوا سِنِي دَوْرٍ فَدَوْرٍ. اِسْأَلْ أَبَاكَ فَيُخْبِرَكَ، وَشُيُوخَكَ فَيَقُولُوا لَكَ. ٧ 7
Call to mind the days of ancient times, think about the years of many ages past. Ask your father and he will show you, your elders and they will tell you.
«حِينَ قَسَمَ ٱلْعَلِيُّ لِلْأُمَمِ، حِينَ فَرَّقَ بَنِي آدَمَ، نَصَبَ تُخُومًا لِشُعُوبٍ حَسَبَ عَدَدِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ. ٨ 8
When the Most High gave the nations their inheritance— when he divided all of mankind, and he set the boundaries of the peoples, as he also fixed the number of their gods.
إِنَّ قِسْمَ ٱلرَّبِّ هُوَ شَعْبُهُ. يَعْقُوبُ حَبْلُ نَصِيبِهِ. ٩ 9
For Yahweh's portion is his people; Jacob is his apportioned inheritance.
وَجَدَهُ فِي أَرْضِ قَفْرٍ، وَفِي خَلَاءٍ مُسْتَوْحِشٍ خَرِبٍ. أَحَاطَ بِهِ وَلَاحَظَهُ وَصَانَهُ كَحَدَقَةِ عَيْنِهِ. ١٠ 10
He found him in a desert land, and in the barren and howling wilderness; he shielded him and cared for him, he guarded him as the apple of his eye.
كَمَا يُحَرِّكُ ٱلنَّسْرُ عُشَّهُ وَعَلَى فِرَاخِهِ يَرِفُّ، وَيَبْسُطُ جَنَاحَيْهِ وَيَأْخُذُهَا وَيَحْمِلُهَا عَلَى مَنَاكِبِهِ، ١١ 11
As an eagle that guards her nest and flutters over her young, Yahweh spread out his wings and took them, and carried them on his pinions.
هَكَذَا ٱلرَّبُّ وَحْدَهُ ٱقْتَادَهُ وَلَيْسَ مَعَهُ إِلَهٌ أَجْنَبِيٌّ. ١٢ 12
Yahweh alone led him; no foreign god was with him.
أَرْكَبَهُ عَلَى مُرْتَفَعَاتِ ٱلْأَرْضِ فَأَكَلَ ثِمَارَ ٱلصَّحْرَاءِ، وَأَرْضَعَهُ عَسَلًا مِنْ حَجَرٍ، وَزَيْتًا مِنْ صَوَّانِ ٱلصَّخْرِ، ١٣ 13
He made him ride on high places of the land, and he fed him the fruits of the field; he nourished him with honey from the rock, and oil from the flinty crag.
وَزُبْدَةَ بَقَرٍ وَلَبَنَ غَنَمٍ، مَعَ شَحْمِ خِرَافٍ وَكِبَاشٍ أَوْلَادِ بَاشَانَ، وَتُيُوسٍ مَعَ دَسَمِ لُبِّ ٱلْحِنْطَةِ، وَدَمَ ٱلْعِنَبِ شَرِبْتَهُ خَمْرًا. ١٤ 14
He ate butter from the herd and drank milk from the flock, with fat of lambs, rams of Bashan and goats, with the finest of the wheat— and you drank foaming wine made from the juice of grapes.
«فَسَمِنَ يَشُورُونَ وَرَفَسَ. سَمِنْتَ وَغَلُظْتَ وَٱكْتَسَيْتَ شَحْمًا! فَرَفَضَ ٱلْإِلَهَ ٱلَّذِي عَمِلَهُ، وَغَبِيَ عَنْ صَخْرَةِ خَلَاصِهِ. ١٥ 15
But Jeshurun grew fat and kicked— you grew fat, you were too fat, and you had eaten your fill— he abandoned the God who made him, and he rejected the Rock of his salvation.
أَغَارُوهُ بِٱلْأَجَانِبِ، وَأَغَاظُوهُ بِٱلْأَرْجَاسِ. ١٦ 16
They made Yahweh jealous by their strange gods; with their abominations they angered him.
ذَبَحُوا لِأَوْثَانٍ لَيْسَتِ ٱللهَ. لِآلِهَةٍ لَمْ يَعْرِفُوهَا، أَحْدَاثٍ قَدْ جَاءَتْ مِنْ قَرِيبٍ لَمْ يَرْهَبْهَا آبَاؤُكُمْ. ١٧ 17
They sacrificed to demons, which are not God— gods they had not known, gods that recently appeared, gods your fathers did not fear.
ٱلصَّخْرُ ٱلَّذِي وَلَدَكَ تَرَكْتَهُ، وَنَسِيتَ ٱللهَ ٱلَّذِي أَبْدَأَكَ. ١٨ 18
You have deserted the Rock, who became your father, and you forgot the God who gave you birth.
«فَرَأَى ٱلرَّبُّ وَرَذَلَ مِنَ ٱلْغَيْظِ بَنِيهِ وَبَنَاتِهِ. ١٩ 19
Yahweh saw this and he rejected them, because his sons and his daughters provoked him so.
وَقَالَ: أَحْجُبُ وَجْهِي عَنْهُمْ، وَأَنْظُرُ مَاذَا تَكُونُ آخِرَتُهُمْ. إِنَّهُمْ جِيلٌ مُتَقَلِّبٌ، أَوْلَادٌ لَا أَمَانَةَ فِيهِمْ. ٢٠ 20
“I will hide my face from them,” he said, “and I will see what their end will be; for they are a perverse generation, children who are unfaithful.
هُمْ أَغَارُونِي بِمَا لَيْسَ إِلَهًا، أَغَاظُونِي بِأَبَاطِيلِهِمْ. فَأَنَا أُغِيرُهُمْ بِمَا لَيْسَ شَعْبًا، بِأُمَّةٍ غَبِيَّةٍ أُغِيظُهُمْ. ٢١ 21
They have made me jealous by what is not god and angered me by their worthless things. I will make them envious by those who are not a people; by a foolish nation I will make them angry.
إِنَّهُ قَدِ ٱشْتَعَلَتْ نَارٌ بِغَضَبِي فَتَتَّقِدُ إِلَى ٱلْهَاوِيَةِ ٱلسُّفْلَى، وَتَأْكُلُ ٱلْأَرْضَ وَغَلَّتَهَا، وَتُحْرِقُ أُسُسَ ٱلْجِبَالِ. (Sheol h7585) ٢٢ 22
For a fire is kindled by my anger and is burning to the lowest Sheol; it is devouring the earth and its harvest; it is setting on fire the foundations of the mountains. (Sheol h7585)
أَجْمَعُ عَلَيْهِمْ شُرُورًا، وَأُنْفِذُ سِهَامِي فِيهِمْ، ٢٣ 23
I will heap disasters on them; I will shoot all my arrows at them;
إِذْ هُمْ خَاوُونَ مِنْ جُوعٍ، وَمَنْهُوكُونَ مِنْ حُمَّى وَدَاءٍ سَامٍّ، أُرْسِلُ فِيهِمْ أَنْيَابَ ٱلْوُحُوشِ مَعَ حُمَةِ زَوَاحِفِ ٱلْأَرْضِ. ٢٤ 24
They will be wasted by hunger and devoured by burning heat and bitter destruction; I will send on them the teeth of wild animals, with the poison of things that crawl in the dust.
مِنْ خَارِجٍ ٱلسَّيْفُ يُثْكِلُ، وَمِنْ دَاخِلِ ٱلْخُدُورِ ٱلرُّعْبَةُ. ٱلْفَتَى مَعَ ٱلْفَتَاةِ وَٱلرَّضِيعُ مَعَ ٱلْأَشْيَبِ. ٢٥ 25
Outside the sword will bereave, and in the bedrooms terror will do so. It will destroy both young man and virgin, the nursing baby, and the man of gray hairs.
قُلْتُ: أُبَدِّدُهُمْ إِلَى ٱلزَّوَايَا، وَأُبَطِّلُ مِنَ ٱلنَّاسِ ذِكْرَهُمْ. ٢٦ 26
I said that I would scatter them far away, that I would make the memory of them to cease from among mankind.
لَوْ لَمْ أَخَفْ مِنْ إِغَاظَةِ ٱلْعَدُوِّ، مِنْ أَنْ يُنْكِرَ أَضْدَادُهُمْ، مِنْ أَنْ يَقُولُوا: يَدُنَا ٱرْتَفَعَتْ وَلَيْسَ ٱلرَّبُّ فَعَلَ كُلَّ هَذِهِ. ٢٧ 27
Were it not that I feared the provocation of the enemy, and that their enemies would judge mistakenly, and that they would say, 'Our hand is exalted,' I would have done all this.
«إِنَّهُمْ أُمَّةٌ عَدِيمَةُ ٱلرَّأْيِ وَلَا بَصِيرَةَ فِيهِمْ. ٢٨ 28
For Israel is a nation devoid of wisdom, and there is no understanding in them.
لَوْ عَقَلُوا لَفَطِنُوا بِهَذِهِ وَتَأَمَّلُوا آخِرَتَهُمْ. ٢٩ 29
Oh, that they were wise, that they understood this, that they would consider their coming fate!
كَيْفَ يَطْرُدُ وَاحِدٌ أَلْفًا، وَيَهْزِمُ ٱثْنَانِ رَبْوَةً، لَوْلَا أَنَّ صَخْرَهُمْ بَاعَهُمْ وَٱلرَّبَّ سَلَّمَهُمْ؟ ٣٠ 30
How could one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them, and Yahweh had given them up?
لِأَنَّهُ لَيْسَ كَصَخْرِنَا صَخْرُهُمْ، وَلَوْ كَانَ أَعْدَاؤُنَا ٱلْقُضَاةَ. ٣١ 31
For our enemies' rock is not like our Rock, just as even our enemies admit.
لِأَنَّ مِنْ جَفْنَةِ سَدُومَ جَفْنَتَهُمْ، وَمِنْ كُرُومِ عَمُورَةَ. عِنَبُهُمْ عِنَبُ سَمٍّ، وَلَهُمْ عَنَاقِيدُ مَرَارَةٍ. ٣٢ 32
For their vine comes from the vine of Sodom, and from the fields of Gomorrah; their grapes are grapes of poison; their clusters are bitter.
خَمْرُهُمْ حُمَةُ ٱلثَّعَابِينِ وَسَمُّ ٱلْأَصْلَالِ ٱلْقَاتِلُ. ٣٣ 33
Their wine is the poison of serpents and the cruel venom of asps.
«أَلَيْسَ ذَلِكَ مَكْنُوزًا عِنْدِي، مَخْتُومًا عَلَيْهِ فِي خَزَائِنِي؟ ٣٤ 34
Is not this plan secretly kept by me, sealed up among my treasures?
لِيَ ٱلنَّقْمَةُ وَٱلْجَزَاءُ. فِي وَقْتٍ تَزِلُّ أَقْدَامُهُمْ. إِنَّ يَوْمَ هَلَاكِهِمْ قَرِيبٌ وَٱلْمُهَيَّآتُ لَهُمْ مُسْرِعَةٌ. ٣٥ 35
Vengeance is mine to give, and recompense, at the time when their foot slips; for the day of disaster for them is near, and the things that are to come on them will hurry to happen.”
لِأَنَّ ٱلرَّبَّ يَدِينُ شَعْبَهُ، وَعَلَى عَبِيدِهِ يُشْفِقُ. حِينَ يَرَى أَنَّ ٱلْيَدَ قَدْ مَضَتْ، وَلَمْ يَبْقَ مَحْجُوزٌ وَلَا مُطْلَقٌ، ٣٦ 36
For Yahweh will give justice to his people, and he will pity his servants. He will see that their power is gone, and no one remains, either slaves or free people.
يَقُولُ: أَيْنَ آلِهَتُهُمُ، ٱلصَّخْرَةُ ٱلَّتِي ٱلْتَجَأُوا إِلَيْهَا، ٣٧ 37
Then he will say, “Where are their gods, the rock in whom they took refuge?—
ٱلَّتِي كَانَتْ تَأْكُلُ شَحْمَ ذَبَائِحِهِمْ وَتَشْرَبُ خَمْرَ سَكَائِبِهِمْ؟ لِتَقُمْ وَتُسَاعِدْكُمْ وَتَكُنْ عَلَيْكُمْ حِمَايَةً! ٣٨ 38
The gods who ate the fat of their sacrifices and drank the wine of their drink offerings? Let them rise up and help you; let them be your protection.
اُنْظُرُوا ٱلْآنَ! أَنَا أَنَا هُوَ وَلَيْسَ إِلَهٌ مَعِي. أَنَا أُمِيتُ وَأُحْيِي. سَحَقْتُ، وَإِنِّي أَشْفِي، وَلَيْسَ مِنْ يَدِي مُخَلِّصٌ. ٣٩ 39
See now that I, even I, am God, and that there is no god besides me; I kill, and I make alive; I wound, and I heal, and there is no one who can save you from my might.
إِنِّي أَرْفَعُ إِلَى ٱلسَّمَاءِ يَدِي وَأَقُولُ: حَيٌّ أَنَا إِلَى ٱلْأَبَدِ. ٤٠ 40
For I lift up my hand to heaven and say, 'As I live forever, I will act.
إِذَا سَنَنْتُ سَيْفِي ٱلْبَارِقَ، وَأَمْسَكَتْ بِٱلْقَضَاءِ يَدِي، أَرُدُّ نَقْمَةً عَلَى أَضْدَادِي، وَأُجَازِي مُبْغِضِيَّ. ٤١ 41
When I sharpen my glittering sword, and when my hand begins to bring justice, I will render vengeance on my enemies, and I will pay back those who hate me.
أُسْكِرُ سِهَامِي بِدَمٍ، وَيَأْكُلُ سَيْفِي لَحْمًا. بِدَمِ ٱلْقَتْلَى وَٱلسَّبَايَا، وَمِنْ رُؤُوسِ قُوَّادِ ٱلْعَدُوِّ. ٤٢ 42
I will make my arrows drunk with blood, and my sword will devour flesh with the blood of the killed and the captives, and from the heads of the leaders of the enemy.'”
«تَهَلَّلُوا أَيُّهَا ٱلْأُمَمُ، شَعْبُهُ، لِأَنَّهُ يَنْتَقِمُ بِدَمِ عَبِيدِهِ، وَيَرُدُّ نَقْمَةً عَلَى أَضْدَادِهِ، وَيَصْفَحُ عَنْ أَرْضِهِ عَنْ شَعْبِهِ». ٤٣ 43
Rejoice, you nations, with God's people, for he will avenge the blood of his servants; he will render vengeance on his enemies, and he will make atonement for his land, for his people.
فَأَتَى مُوسَى وَنَطَقَ بِجَمِيعِ كَلِمَاتِ هَذَا ٱلنَّشِيدِ فِي مَسَامِعِ ٱلشَّعْبِ، هُوَ وَيَشُوعُ بْنُ نُونَ. ٤٤ 44
Moses came and recited all the words of this song in the ears of the people, he, and Joshua son of Nun.
وَلَمَّا فَرَغَ مُوسَى مِنْ مُخَاطَبَةِ جَمِيعِ إِسْرَائِيلَ بِكُلِّ هَذِهِ ٱلْكَلِمَاتِ، ٤٥ 45
Then Moses finished reciting all these words to all Israel.
قَالَ لَهُمْ: «وَجِّهُوا قُلُوبَكُمْ إِلَى جَمِيعِ ٱلْكَلِمَاتِ ٱلَّتِي أَنَا أَشْهَدُ عَلَيْكُمْ بِهَا ٱلْيَوْمَ، لِكَيْ تُوصُوا بِهَا أَوْلَادَكُمْ، لِيَحْرِصُوا أَنْ يَعْمَلُوا بِجَمِيعِ كَلِمَاتِ هَذِهِ ٱلتَّوْرَاةِ. ٤٦ 46
He said to them, “Fix your mind on all the words that I have witnessed to you today, so that you may command your children to keep them, all the words of this law.
لِأَنَّهَا لَيْسَتْ أَمْرًا بَاطِلًا عَلَيْكُمْ، بَلْ هِيَ حَيَاتُكُمْ. وَبِهَذَا ٱلْأَمْرِ تُطِيلُونَ ٱلْأَيَّامَ عَلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ ٱلَّتِي أَنْتُمْ عَابِرُونَ ٱلْأُرْدُنَّ إِلَيْهَا لِتَمْتَلِكُوهَا». ٤٧ 47
For this is no trivial matter for you, because it is your life, and through this thing you will prolong your days in the land that you are going over the Jordan to possess.”
وَكَلَّمَ ٱلرَّبُّ مُوسَى فِي نَفْسِ ذَلِكَ ٱلْيَوْمِ قَائِلًا: ٤٨ 48
Yahweh spoke to Moses on that same day and said,
«اِصْعَدْ إِلَى جَبَلِ عَبَارِيمَ هَذَا، جَبَلِ نَبُو ٱلَّذِي فِي أَرْضِ مُوآبَ ٱلَّذِي قُبَالَةَ أَرِيحَا، وَٱنْظُرْ أَرْضَ كَنْعَانَ ٱلَّتِي أَنَا أُعْطِيهَا لِبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ مُلْكًا، ٤٩ 49
“Go up into this range of the mountains of Abarim, up Mount Nebo, which is in the land of Moab, opposite Jericho. You will look at the land of Canaan, which I am giving to the people of Israel as their possession.
وَمُتْ فِي ٱلْجَبَلِ ٱلَّذِي تَصْعَدُ إِلَيْهِ، وَٱنْضَمَّ إِلَى قَوْمِكَ، كَمَا مَاتَ هَارُونُ أَخُوكَ فِي جَبَلِ هُورٍ وَضُمَّ إِلَى قَوْمِهِ. ٥٠ 50
You will die on the mountain that you go up, and you will be gathered to your people, as Aaron your fellow Israelite died on Mount Hor and was gathered to his people.
لِأَنَّكُمَا خُنْتُمَانِي فِي وَسَطِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ عِنْدَ مَاءِ مَرِيبَةِ قَادَشَ فِي بَرِّيَّةِ صِينٍ، إِذْ لَمْ تُقَدِّسَانِي فِي وَسَطِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ. ٥١ 51
This will happen because you were unfaithful to me among the people of Israel at the waters of Meribah in Kadesh, in the wilderness of Zin; because you did not treat me with honor and respect among the people of Israel.
فَإِنَّكَ تَنْظُرُ ٱلْأَرْضَ مِنْ قُبَالَتِهَا، وَلَكِنَّكَ لَا تَدْخُلُ إِلَى هُنَاكَ إِلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ ٱلَّتِي أَنَا أُعْطِيهَا لِبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ». ٥٢ 52
For you will see the land before you, but you will not go there, into the land that I am giving to the people of Israel.”