اَللَّاوِيِّينَ 5

«وَإِذَا أَخْطَأَ أَحَدٌ وَسَمِعَ صَوْتَ حَلْفٍ وَهُوَ شَاهِدٌ يُبْصِرُ أَوْ يَعْرِفُ، فَإِنْ لَمْ يُخْبِرْ بِهِ حَمَلَ ذَنْبَهُ. ١ 1
If anyone sins because he does not testify when he has witnessed something about which he is required to testify, whether he has seen it or heard about it, he will be responsible.
أَوْ إِذَا مَسَّ أَحَدٌ شَيْئًا نَجِسًا: جُثَّةَ وَحْشٍ نَجِسٍ، أَوْ جُثَّةَ بَهِيمَةٍ نَجِسَةٍ، أَوْ جُثَّةَ دَبِيبٍ نَجِسٍ، وَأُخْفِيَ عَنْهُ، فَهُوَ نَجِسٌ وَمُذْنِبٌ. ٢ 2
Or if anyone touches anything God has designated as unclean, whether it be the carcass of an unclean wild animal or the carcass of any livestock that has died, or creeping animal, even if the person did not intend to touch it, he is unclean and guilty.
أَوْ إِذَا مَسَّ نَجَاسَةَ إِنْسَانٍ مِنْ جَمِيعِ نَجَاسَاتِهِ ٱلَّتِي يَتَنَجَّسُ بِهَا، وَأُخْفِيَ عَنْهُ ثُمَّ عُلِمَ، فَهُوَ مُذْنِبٌ. ٣ 3
Or if he touches the uncleanness of someone, whatever that uncleanness is, and if he is unaware of it, then he will be guilty when he learns about it.
أَوْ إِذَا حَلَفَ أَحَدٌ مُفْتَرِطًا بِشَفَتَيْهِ لِلْإِسَاءَةِ أَوْ لِلْإِحْسَانِ مِنْ جَمِيعِ مَا يَفْتَرِطُ بِهِ ٱلْإِنْسَانُ فِي ٱلْيَمِينِ، وَأُخْفِيَ عَنْهُ، ثُمَّ عُلِمَ، فَهُوَ مُذْنِبٌ فِي شَيْءٍ مِنْ ذَلِكَ. ٤ 4
Or if anyone swears rashly with his lips to do evil, or to do good, whatever it is that a man swears rashly with an oath, even if he is unaware of it, when he learns about it, then he will be guilty, in any of these things.
فَإِنْ كَانَ يُذْنِبُ فِي شَيْءٍ مِنْ هَذِهِ، يُقِرُّ بِمَا قَدْ أَخْطَأَ بِهِ. ٥ 5
When someone is guilty in any of these things, he must confess whatever sin he has committed.
وَيَأْتِي إِلَى ٱلرَّبِّ بِذَبِيحَةٍ لِإِثْمِهِ عَنْ خَطِيَّتِهِ ٱلَّتِي أَخْطَأَ بِهَا: أُنْثَى مِنَ ٱلْأَغْنَامِ نَعْجَةً أَوْ عَنْزًا مِنَ ٱلْمَعْزِ، ذَبِيحَةَ خَطِيَّةٍ، فَيُكَفِّرُ عَنْهُ ٱلْكَاهِنُ مِنْ خَطِيَّتِهِ. ٦ 6
Then he must bring his guilt offering to Yahweh for the sin that he has committed, a female animal from the flock, either a lamb or a goat, for a sin offering, and the priest will make atonement for him concerning his sin.
وَإِنْ لَمْ تَنَلْ يَدُهُ كِفَايَةً لِشَاةٍ، فَيَأْتِي بِذَبِيحَةٍ لِإِثْمِهِ ٱلَّذِي أَخْطَأَ بِهِ: يَمَامَتَيْنِ أَوْ فَرْخَيْ حَمَامٍ إِلَى ٱلرَّبِّ، أَحَدُهُمَا ذَبِيحَةُ خَطِيَّةٍ وَٱلْآخَرُ مُحْرَقَةٌ. ٧ 7
If he cannot afford to buy a lamb, then he can bring as his guilt offering for his sin two doves or two young pigeons to Yahweh, one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering.
يَأْتِي بِهِمَا إِلَى ٱلْكَاهِنِ، فَيُقَرِّبُ ٱلَّذِي لِلْخَطِيَّةِ أَوَّلًا. يَحُزُّ رَأْسَهُ مِنْ قَفَاهُ وَلَا يَفْصِلُهُ. ٨ 8
He must bring them to the priest, who will offer one for the sin offering first—he will wring off its head from its neck but will not remove it completely from the body.
وَيَنْضِحُ مِنْ دَمِ ذَبِيحَةِ ٱلْخَطِيَّةِ عَلَى حَائِطِ ٱلْمَذْبَحِ، وَٱلْبَاقِي مِنَ ٱلدَّمِ يُعْصَرُ إِلَى أَسْفَلِ ٱلْمَذْبَحِ. إِنَّهُ ذَبِيحَةُ خَطِيَّةٍ. ٩ 9
Then he will sprinkle some of the blood of the sin offering on the side of the altar, and he will drain the rest of the blood out at the base of the altar. This is a sin offering.
وَأَمَّا ٱلثَّانِي فَيَعْمَلُهُ مُحْرَقَةً كَٱلْعَادَةِ، فَيُكَفِّرُ عَنْهُ ٱلْكَاهِنُ مِنْ خَطِيَّتِهِ ٱلَّتِي أَخْطَأَ، فَيُصْفَحُ عَنْهُ. ١٠ 10
Then he must offer the second bird as a burnt offering, as described in the instructions, and the priest will make atonement for him for the sin that he has committed, and the person will be forgiven.
وَإِنْ لَمْ تَنَلْ يَدُهُ يَمَامَتَيْنِ أَوْ فَرْخَيْ حَمَامٍ فَيَأْتِي بِقُرْبَانِهِ عَمَّا أَخْطَأَ بِهِ عُشْرَ ٱلْإِيفَةِ مِنْ دَقِيقٍ، قُرْبَانَ خَطِيَّةٍ. لَا يَضَعُ عَلَيْهِ زَيْتًا، وَلَا يَجْعَلُ عَلَيْهِ لُبَانًا لِأَنَّهُ قُرْبَانُ خَطِيَّةٍ. ١١ 11
But if he cannot afford to buy two doves or two young pigeons, then he must bring as his sacrifice for his sin a tenth of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering. He must not put oil or any incense on it, for it is a sin offering.
يَأْتِي بِهِ إِلَى ٱلْكَاهِنِ فَيَقْبِضُ ٱلْكَاهِنُ مِنْهُ مِلْءَ قَبْضَتِهِ تَذْكَارَهُ، وَيُوقِدُهُ عَلَى ٱلْمَذْبَحِ عَلَى وَقَائِدِ ٱلرَّبِّ. إِنَّهُ قُرْبَانُ خَطِيَّةٍ. ١٢ 12
He must bring it to the priest, and the priest will take a handful of it as a representative offering and then burn it on the altar, on top of the offerings made by fire for Yahweh. This is a sin offering.
فَيُكَفِّرُ عَنْهُ ٱلْكَاهِنُ مِنْ خَطِيَّتِهِ ٱلَّتِي أَخْطَأَ بِهَا فِي وَاحِدَةٍ مِنْ ذَلِكَ، فَيُصْفَحُ عَنْهُ. وَيَكُونُ لِلْكَاهِنِ كَٱلتَّقْدِمَةِ». ١٣ 13
The priest will make atonement for any sin that the person has committed, and that person will be forgiven. The leftovers from the offering will belong to the priest, as with the grain offering.'”
وَكَلَّمَ ٱلرَّبُّ مُوسَى قَائِلًا: ١٤ 14
Then Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
«إِذَا خَانَ أَحَدٌ خِيَانَةً وَأَخْطَأَ سَهْوًا فِي أَقْدَاسِ ٱلرَّبِّ، يَأْتِي إِلَى ٱلرَّبِّ بِذَبِيحَةٍ لِإِثْمِهِ: كَبْشًا صَحِيحًا مِنَ ٱلْغَنَمِ بِتَقْوِيمِكَ مِنْ شَوَاقِلِ فِضَّةٍ عَلَى شَاقِلِ ٱلْقُدْسِ، ذَبِيحَةَ إِثْمٍ. ١٥ 15
“If anyone sins and acts unfaithfully in regard to the things that belong to Yahweh, but did so unintentionally, then he must bring his guilt offering to Yahweh. This offering must be a ram without blemish from the flock; its value must be appraised in silver shekels—the shekel of the sanctuary—as a guilt offering.
وَيُعَوِّضُ عَمَّا أَخْطَأَ بِهِ مِنَ ٱلْقُدْسِ، وَيَزِيدُ عَلَيْهِ خُمْسَهُ، وَيَدْفَعُهُ إِلَى ٱلْكَاهِنِ، فَيُكَفِّرُ ٱلْكَاهِنُ عَنْهُ بِكَبْشِ ٱلْإِثْمِ، فَيُصْفَحُ عَنْهُ. ١٦ 16
He must satisfy Yahweh for what he had done wrong in connection with what is holy, and he must add one-fifth to it and give it to the priest. Then the priest will make atonement for him with the ram of the guilt offering, and that person will be forgiven.
«وَإِذَا أَخْطَأَ أَحَدٌ وَعَمِلَ وَاحِدَةً مِنْ جَمِيعِ مَنَاهِي ٱلرَّبِّ ٱلَّتِي لَا يَنْبَغِي عَمَلُهَا، وَلَمْ يَعْلَمْ، كَانَ مُذْنِبًا وَحَمَلَ ذَنْبَهُ. ١٧ 17
If anyone sins and does anything that Yahweh has commanded not to be done, even if he was unaware of it, he is still guilty and must carry his own guilt.
فَيَأْتِي بِكَبْشٍ صَحِيحٍ مِنَ ٱلْغَنَمِ بِتَقْوِيمِكَ، ذَبِيحَةَ إِثْمٍ، إِلَى ٱلْكَاهِنِ، فَيُكَفِّرُ عَنْهُ ٱلْكَاهِنُ مِنْ سَهْوِهِ ٱلَّذِي سَهَا وَهُوَ لَا يَعْلَمُ، فَيُصْفَحُ عَنْهُ. ١٨ 18
He must bring a ram without blemish out of the flock, worth the current value, as a guilt offering to the priest. Then the priest will make atonement for him concerning the sin he has committed, of which he was unaware, and he will be forgiven.
إِنَّهُ ذَبِيحَةُ إِثْمٍ. قَدْ أَثِمَ إِثْمًا إِلَى ٱلرَّبِّ». ١٩ 19
It is a guilt offering, and he is certainly guilty before Yahweh.”