اَللَّاوِيِّينَ 27

وَكَلَّمَ ٱلرَّبُّ مُوسَى قَائِلًا: ١ 1
Yahweh spoke to Moses and said,
«كَلِّمْ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَقُلْ لَهُمْ: إِذَا أَفْرَزَ إِنْسَانٌ نَذْرًا حَسَبَ تَقْوِيمِكَ نُفُوسًا لِلرَّبِّ، ٢ 2
“Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, 'If anyone makes a special vow to Yahweh, use the following valuations.
فَإِنْ كَانَ تَقْوِيمُكَ لِذَكَرٍ مِنِ ٱبْنِ عِشْرِينَ سَنَةً إِلَى ٱبْنِ سِتِّينَ سَنَةً، يَكُونُ تَقْوِيمُكَ خَمْسِينَ شَاقِلَ فِضَّةٍ عَلَى شَاقِلِ ٱلْمَقْدِسِ. ٣ 3
Your standard value for a male from twenty to sixty years old must be fifty shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary.
وَإِنْ كَانَ أُنْثَى يَكُونُ تَقْوِيمُكَ ثَلَاثِينَ شَاقِلًا. ٤ 4
For a female of the same ages your standard value must be thirty shekels.
وَإِنْ كَانَ مِنِ ٱبْنِ خَمْسِ سِنِينَ إِلَى ٱبْنِ عِشْرِينَ سَنَةً يَكُونُ تَقْوِيمُكَ لِذَكَرٍ عِشْرِينَ شَاقِلًا، وَلِأُنْثَى عَشَرَةَ شَوَاقِلَ. ٥ 5
From five years to twenty years old your standard value for a male must be twenty shekels, and for the female ten shekels.
وَإِنْ كَانَ مِنِ ٱبْنِ شَهْرٍ إِلَى ٱبْنِ خَمْسِ سِنِينَ يَكُونُ تَقْوِيمُكَ لِذَكَرٍ خَمْسَةَ شَوَاقِلِ فِضَّةٍ، وَلِأُنْثَى يَكُونُ تَقْوِيمُكَ ثَلَاثَةَ شَوَاقِلِ فِضَّةٍ. ٦ 6
From one month old to five years your standard value for a male must be five shekels of silver, and for a female three shekels of silver.
وَإِنْ كَانَ مِنِ ٱبْنِ سِتِّينَ سَنَةً فَصَاعِدًا فَإِنْ كَانَ ذَكَرًا يَكُونُ تَقْوِيمُكَ خَمْسَةَ عَشَرَ شَاقِلًا، وَأَمَّا لِلْأُنْثَى فَعَشَرَةَ شَوَاقِلَ. ٧ 7
From sixty years old and up for a male your standard value must be fifteen shekels, and for a female ten shekels.
وَإِنْ كَانَ فَقِيرًا عَنْ تَقْوِيمِكَ يُوقِفُهُ أَمَامَ ٱلْكَاهِنِ فَيُقَوِّمُهُ ٱلْكَاهِنُ. عَلَى قَدْرِ مَا تَنَالُ يَدُ ٱلنَّاذِرِ يُقَوِّمُهُ ٱلْكَاهِنُ. ٨ 8
But if the person making the vow cannot pay the standard value, then the person being given must be presented to the priest, and the priest will value that person by the amount the one making the vow is able to afford.
«وَإِنْ كَانَ بَهِيمَةً مِمَّا يُقَرِّبُونَهُ قُرْبَانًا لِلرَّبِّ، فَكُلُّ مَا يُعْطِي مِنْهُ لِلرَّبِّ يَكُونُ قُدْسًا. ٩ 9
If someone wants to sacrifice an animal to Yahweh, and if Yahweh accepts it, then that animal will be set apart to him.
لَا يُغَيِّرُهُ وَلَا يُبْدِلُهُ جَيِّدًا بِرَدِيءٍ، أَوْ رَدِيئًا بِجَيِّدٍ. وَإِنْ أَبْدَلَ بَهِيمَةً بِبَهِيمَةٍ تَكُونُ هِيَ وَبَدِيلُهَا قُدْسًا. ١٠ 10
The person must not alter or change such an animal, a good one for a bad one or a bad for a good. If he does at all change one animal for another, then both it and the one for which it is exchanged become holy.
وَإِنْ كَانَ بَهِيمَةً نَجِسَةً مِمَّا لَا يُقَرِّبُونَهُ قُرْبَانًا لِلرَّبِّ يُوقِفُ ٱلْبَهِيمَةَ أَمَامَ ٱلْكَاهِنِ، ١١ 11
However, if what the person has vowed to give Yahweh is in fact unclean, so that Yahweh will not accept it, then the person must bring the animal to a priest.
فَيُقَوِّمُهَا ٱلْكَاهِنُ جَيِّدَةً أَمْ رَدِيئَةً. فَحَسَبَ تَقْوِيمِكَ يَا كَاهِنُ هَكَذَا يَكُونُ. ١٢ 12
The priest will value it, by the market value of the animal. Whatever value the priest places on the animal, that will be its value.
فَإِنْ فَكَّهَا يَزِيدُ خُمْسَهَا عَلَى تَقْوِيمِكَ. ١٣ 13
If the owner wishes to redeem it, then a fifth of its value is to be added to its redemption price.
«وَإِذَا قَدَّسَ إِنْسَانٌ بَيْتَهُ قُدْسًا لِلرَّبِّ، يُقَوِّمُهُ ٱلْكَاهِنُ جَيِّدًا أَمْ رَدِيئًا. وَكَمَا يُقَوِّمُهُ ٱلْكَاهِنُ هَكَذَا يَقُومُ. ١٤ 14
When a man sets apart his house as a holy gift to Yahweh, then the priest will set its value as either good or bad. Whatever the priest values it, so it will be.
فَإِنْ كَانَ ٱلْمُقَدِّسُ يَفُكُّ بَيْتَهُ، يَزِيدُ خُمْسَ فِضَّةِ تَقْوِيمِكَ عَلَيْهِ فَيَكُونُ لَهُ. ١٥ 15
But if the owner who set apart his home wishes to redeem it, he must add a fifth of its value to its redemption price, and it will belong to him.
وَإِنْ قَدَّسَ إِنْسَانٌ بَعْضَ حَقْلِ مُلْكِهِ لِلرَّبِّ، يَكُونُ تَقْوِيمُكَ عَلَى قَدَرِ بِذَارِهِ. بِذَارُ حُومَرٍ مِنَ ٱلشَّعِيرِ بِخَمْسِينَ شَاقِلِ فِضَّةٍ. ١٦ 16
If a man sets apart some of his own land, then the valuation of it will be in proportion to the amount of seed required to plant it—a homer of barley will be valued at fifty shekels of silver.
إِنْ قَدَّسَ حَقْلَهُ مِنْ سَنَةِ ٱلْيُوبِيلِ فَحَسَبَ تَقْوِيمِكَ يَقُومُ. ١٧ 17
If he sets apart his field during the year of Jubilee, the valuation of it will stand.
وَإِنْ قَدَّسَ حَقْلَهُ بَعْدَ سَنَةِ ٱلْيُوبِيلِ يَحْسُبُ لَهُ ٱلْكَاهِنُ ٱلْفِضَّةَ عَلَى قَدَرِ ٱلسِّنِينَ ٱلْبَاقِيَةِ إِلَى سَنَةِ ٱلْيُوبِيلِ، فَيُنَقَّصُ مِنْ تَقْوِيمِكَ. ١٨ 18
But if he sets apart his field after the year of Jubilee, then the priest must calculate the value of the field by the number of years that remain until the next year of Jubilee, and the valuation of it must be reduced.
فَإِنْ فَكَّ ٱلْحَقْلَ مُقَدِّسُهُ، يَزِيدُ خُمْسَ فِضَّةِ تَقْوِيمِكَ عَلَيْهِ فَيَجِبُ لَهُ. ١٩ 19
If the man who set apart the field wishes to redeem it, then he must add a fifth to the valuation, and it will belong to him.
لَكِنْ إِنْ لَمْ يَفُكَّ ٱلْحَقْلَ وَبِيعَ ٱلْحَقْلُ لِإِنْسَانٍ آخَرَ لَا يُفَكُّ بَعْدُ، ٢٠ 20
If he does not redeem the field, or if he has sold the field to another man, it cannot be redeemed any more.
بَلْ يَكُونُ ٱلْحَقْلُ عِنْدَ خُرُوجِهِ فِي ٱلْيُوبِيلِ قُدْسًا لِلرَّبِّ كَٱلْحَقْلِ ٱلْمُحَرَّمِ. لِلْكَاهِنِ يَكُونُ مُلْكُهُ. ٢١ 21
Instead, the field, when it is released in the year of Jubilee, will be a holy gift to Yahweh, like the field that has been completely given to Yahweh. It will belong to the priest.
«وَإِنْ قَدَّسَ لِلرَّبِّ حَقْلًا مِنْ شِرَائِهِ لَيْسَ مِنْ حُقُولِ مُلْكِهِ، ٢٢ 22
If a man sets apart a field that he has bought, but that field is not part of his family's land,
يَحْسُبُ لَهُ ٱلْكَاهِنُ مَبْلَغَ تَقْوِيمِكَ إِلَى سَنَةِ ٱلْيُوبِيلِ، فَيُعْطِي تَقْوِيمَكَ فِي ذَلِكَ ٱلْيَوْمِ قُدْسًا لِلرَّبِّ. ٢٣ 23
then the priest will figure the valuation of it up to the year of Jubilee, and the man must pay its value on that day as a holy gift to Yahweh.
وَفِي سَنَةِ ٱلْيُوبِيلِ يَرْجِعُ ٱلْحَقْلُ إِلَى ٱلَّذِي ٱشْتَرَاهُ مِنْهُ، إِلَى ٱلَّذِي لَهُ مُلْكُ ٱلْأَرْضِ. ٢٤ 24
In the year of Jubilee, the field will return to the man from whom it was bought, to the land's owner.
وَكُلُّ تَقْوِيمِكَ يَكُونُ عَلَى شَاقِلِ ٱلْمَقْدِسِ. عِشْرِينَ جِيرَةً يَكُونُ ٱلشَّاقِلُ. ٢٥ 25
All the valuations must be set by the weight of the sanctuary shekel. Twenty gerahs must be the equivalent of one shekel.
«لَكِنَّ ٱلْبِكْرَ ٱلَّذِي يُفْرَزُ بِكْرًا لِلرَّبِّ مِنَ ٱلْبَهَائِمِ فَلَا يُقَدِّسُهُ أَحَدٌ. ثَوْرًا كَانَ أَوْ شَاةً فَهُوَ لِلرَّبِّ. ٢٦ 26
No one may set apart the firstborn among animals, since the firstborn already belongs to Yahweh; whether ox or sheep, it is Yahweh's.
وَإِنْ كَانَ مِنَ ٱلْبَهَائِمِ ٱلنَّجِسَةِ يَفْدِيهِ حَسَبَ تَقْوِيمِكَ وَيَزِيدُ خُمْسَهُ عَلَيْهِ. وَإِنْ لَمْ يُفَكَّ، فَيُبَاعُ حَسَبَ تَقْوِيمِكَ. ٢٧ 27
If it is an unclean animal, then the owner may buy it back at the valuation of it, and a fifth must be added to that value. If the animal is not redeemed, then it is to be sold at the set value.
أَمَّا كُلُّ مُحَرَّمٍ يُحَرِّمُهُ إِنْسَانٌ لِلرَّبِّ مِنْ كُلِّ مَا لَهُ مِنَ ٱلنَّاسِ وَٱلْبَهَائِمِ وَمِنْ حُقُولِ مُلْكِهِ فَلَا يُبَاعُ وَلَا يُفَكُّ. إِنَّ كُلَّ مُحَرَّمٍ هُوَ قُدْسُ أَقْدَاسٍ لِلرَّبِّ. ٢٨ 28
But nothing that a man devotes to Yahweh, from all that he has, whether human or animal, or his family land, may be sold or redeemed. Everything that is devoted is very holy to Yahweh.
كُلُّ مُحَرَّمٍ يُحَرَّمُ مِنَ ٱلنَّاسِ لَا يُفْدَى. يُقْتَلُ قَتْلًا. ٢٩ 29
No ransom may be paid for the person who is devoted for destruction. That person must be put to death.
«وَكُلُّ عُشْرِ ٱلْأَرْضِ مِنْ حُبُوبِ ٱلْأَرْضِ وَأَثْمَارِ ٱلشَّجَرِ فَهُوَ لِلرَّبِّ. قُدْسٌ لِلرَّبِّ. ٣٠ 30
All the tithe of the land, whether grain grown on the land or fruit from the trees, is Yahweh's. It is holy to Yahweh.
وَإِنْ فَكَّ إِنْسَانٌ بَعْضَ عُشْرِهِ يَزِيدُ خُمْسَهُ عَلَيْهِ. ٣١ 31
If a man redeems any of his tithe, he must add a fifth to its value.
وَأَمَّا كُلُّ عُشْرِ ٱلْبَقَرِ وَٱلْغَنَمِ فَكُلُّ مَا يَعْبُرُ تَحْتَ ٱلْعَصَا يَكُونُ ٱلْعَاشِرُ قُدْسًا لِلرَّبِّ. ٣٢ 32
As for every tenth of the herd or the flock, whatever passes under the shepherd's rod, one-tenth must be set apart to Yahweh.
لَا يُفْحَصُ أَجَيِّدٌ هُوَ أَمْ رَدِيءٌ، وَلَا يُبْدِلُهُ. وَإِنْ أَبْدَلَهُ يَكُونُ هُوَ وَبَدِيلُهُ قُدْسًا. لَا يُفَكُّ». ٣٣ 33
The shepherd must not search for the better or the worse animals, and he must not substitute one for another. If he changes it at all, then both it and that for which it is changed will be holy. It cannot be redeemed.'”
هَذِهِ هِيَ ٱلْوَصَايَا ٱلَّتِي أَوْصَى ٱلرَّبُّ بِهَا مُوسَى إِلَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ فِي جَبَلِ سِينَاءَ. ٣٤ 34
These are the commandments that Yahweh gave at Mount Sinai to Moses for the people of Israel.