اَللَّاوِيِّينَ 25

وَكَلَّمَ ٱلرَّبُّ مُوسَى فِي جَبَلِ سِينَاءَ قَائِلًا: ١ 1
Yahweh spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai, saying,
«كَلِّمْ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَقُلْ لَهُمْ: مَتَى أَتَيْتُمْ إِلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ ٱلَّتِي أَنَا أُعْطِيكُمْ تَسْبِتُ ٱلْأَرْضُ سَبْتًا لِلرَّبِّ. ٢ 2
“Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, 'When you come into the land that I give you, then the land must be made to keep a Sabbath for Yahweh.
سِتَّ سِنِينَ تَزْرَعُ حَقْلَكَ، وَسِتَّ سِنِينَ تَقْضِبُ كَرْمَكَ وَتَجْمَعُ غَلَّتَهُمَا. ٣ 3
You must plant your field for six years, and for six years you must prune your vineyard and gather the produce.
وَأَمَّا ٱلسَّنَةُ ٱلسَّابِعَةُ فَفِيهَا يَكُونُ لِلْأَرْضِ سَبْتُ عُطْلَةٍ، سَبْتًا لِلرَّبِّ. لَا تَزْرَعْ حَقْلَكَ وَلَا تَقْضِبْ كَرْمَكَ. ٤ 4
But in the seventh year, a Sabbath of solemn rest for the land must be observed, a Sabbath for Yahweh. You must not plant your field or prune your vineyard.
زِرِّيعَ حَصِيدِكَ لَا تَحْصُدْ، وَعِنَبَ كَرْمِكَ ٱلْمُحْوِلِ لَا تَقْطِفْ. سَنَةَ عُطْلَةٍ تَكُونُ لِلْأَرْضِ. ٥ 5
You must not conduct an organized harvest of whatever grows by itself, and you must not conduct an organized harvest of whatever grapes grow on your unpruned vines. This will be a year of solemn rest for the land.
وَيَكُونُ سَبْتُ ٱلْأَرْضِ لَكُمْ طَعَامًا. لَكَ وَلِعَبْدِكَ وَلِأَمَتِكَ وَلِأَجِيرِكَ وَلِمُسْتَوْطِنِكَ ٱلنَّازِلِينَ عِنْدَكَ، ٦ 6
Whatever the unworked land grows during the Sabbath year will be food for you. You, your male and female servants, your hired servants and the foreigners who live with you may gather food,
وَلِبَهَائِمِكَ وَلِلْحَيَوَانِ ٱلَّذِي فِي أَرْضِكَ تَكُونُ كُلُّ غَلَّتِهَا طَعَامًا. ٧ 7
and your livestock and also wild animals may eat whatever the land produces.
«وَتَعُدُّ لَكَ سَبْعَةَ سُبُوتِ سِنِينَ. سَبْعَ سِنِينَ سَبْعَ مَرَّاتٍ. فَتَكُونُ لَكَ أَيَّامُ ٱلسَّبْعَةِ ٱلسُّبُوتِ ٱلسَّنَوِيَّةِ تِسْعًا وَأَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةً. ٨ 8
You must count off seven Sabbaths of years, that is, seven times seven years, so that there will be seven Sabbaths of years, totaling forty-nine years.
ثُمَّ تُعَبِّرُ بُوقَ ٱلْهُتَافِ فِي ٱلشَّهْرِ ٱلسَّابِعِ فِي عَاشِرِ ٱلشَّهْرِ. فِي يَوْمِ ٱلْكَفَّارَةِ تُعَبِّرُونَ ٱلْبُوقَ فِي جَمِيعِ أَرْضِكُمْ. ٩ 9
Then you must blow a loud trumpet everywhere on the tenth day of the seventh month. On the Day of Atonement you must blow a trumpet throughout all your land.
وَتُقَدِّسُونَ ٱلسَّنَةَ ٱلْخَمْسِينَ، وَتُنَادُونَ بِٱلْعِتْقِ فِي ٱلْأَرْضِ لِجَمِيعِ سُكَّانِهَا. تَكُونُ لَكُمْ يُوبِيلًا، وَتَرْجِعُونَ كُلٌّ إِلَى مُلْكِهِ، وَتَعُودُونَ كُلٌّ إِلَى عَشِيرَتِهِ. ١٠ 10
You must set apart the fiftieth year to Yahweh and proclaim liberty throughout the land to all its inhabitants. It will be a Jubilee for you, in which property and slaves must be returned to their families.
يُوبِيلًا تَكُونُ لَكُمُ ٱلسَّنَةُ ٱلْخَمْسُونَ. لَا تَزْرَعُوا وَلَا تَحْصُدُوا زِرِّيعَهَا، وَلَا تَقْطِفُوا كَرْمَهَا ٱلْمُحْوِلَ. ١١ 11
The fiftieth year will be a Jubilee for you. You must not plant or conduct an organized harvest. Eat whatever grows by itself, and gather the grapes that grow on the unpruned vines.
إِنَّهَا يُوبِيلٌ. مُقَدَّسَةً تَكُونُ لَكُمْ. مِنَ ٱلْحَقْلِ تَأْكُلُونَ غَلَّتَهَا. ١٢ 12
For it is a Jubilee, which will be holy for you. You must eat the produce that grows by itself out of the fields.
فِي سَنَةِ ٱلْيُوبِيلِ هَذِهِ تَرْجِعُونَ كُلٌّ إِلَى مُلْكِهِ. ١٣ 13
You must return everyone to his own property in this year of Jubilee.
فَمَتَى بِعْتَ صَاحِبَكَ مَبِيعًا، أَوِ ٱشْتَرَيْتَ مِنْ يَدِ صَاحِبِكَ، فَلَا يَغْبِنْ أَحَدُكُمْ أَخَاهُ. ١٤ 14
If you sell any land to your neighbor or buy any land from your neighbor, you must not cheat or wrong each other.
حَسَبَ عَدَدِ ٱلسِّنِينَ بَعْدَ ٱلْيُوبِيلِ تَشْتَرِي مِنْ صَاحِبِكَ، وَحَسَبَ سِنِي ٱلْغَلَّةِ يَبِيعُكَ. ١٥ 15
If you buy land from your neighbor, consider the number of years and crops that can be harvested until the next Jubilee. Your neighbor selling the land must consider that also.
عَلَى قَدْرِ كَثْرَةِ ٱلسِّنِينَ تُكَثِّرُ ثَمَنَهُ، وَعَلَى قَدْرِ قِلَّةِ ٱلسِّنِينَ تُقَلِّلُ ثَمَنَهُ، لِأَنَّهُ عَدَدَ ٱلْغَلَّاتِ يَبِيعُكَ. ١٦ 16
A larger number of years until the next Jubilee will increase the value of land, and a smaller number of years until the next Jubilee will decrease the value, because the number of harvests the land will produce for the new owner is related to the number of years before the next Jubilee.
فَلَا يَغْبِنْ أَحَدُكُمْ صَاحِبَهُ، بَلِ ٱخْشَ إِلَهَكَ. إِنِّي أَنَا ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكُمْ. ١٧ 17
You must not cheat or wrong one another; instead, you must honor your God, for I am Yahweh your God.
فَتَعْمَلُونَ فَرَائِضِي وَتَحْفَظُونَ أَحْكَامِي وَتَعْمَلُونَهَا لِتَسْكُنُوا عَلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ آمِنِينَ. ١٨ 18
Therefore you must obey my decrees, keep my laws, and carry them out. Then you will live in the land in safety.
وَتُعْطِي ٱلْأَرْضُ ثَمَرَهَا فَتَأْكُلُونَ لِلشِّبَعِ، وَتَسْكُنُونَ عَلَيْهَا آمِنِينَ. ١٩ 19
The land will yield its produce, and you will eat your fill and live there in safety.
وَإِذَا قُلْتُمْ: مَاذَا نَأْكُلُ فِي ٱلسَّنَةِ ٱلسَّابِعَةِ إِنْ لَمْ نَزْرَعْ وَلَمْ نَجْمَعْ غَلَّتَنَا؟ ٢٠ 20
You might say, “What will we eat during the seventh year? Look, we cannot plant or gather our produce.”
فَإِنِّي آمُرُ بِبَرَكَتِي لَكُمْ فِي ٱلسَّنَةِ ٱلسَّادِسَةِ، فَتَعْمَلُ غَلَّةً لِثَلَاثِ سِنِينَ. ٢١ 21
I will command my blessing to come upon you in the sixth year, and it will produce harvest enough for three years.
فَتَزْرَعُونَ ٱلسَّنَةَ ٱلثَّامِنَةَ وَتَأْكُلُونَ مِنَ ٱلْغَلَّةِ ٱلْعَتِيقَةِ إِلَى ٱلسَّنَةِ ٱلتَّاسِعَةِ. إِلَى أَنْ تَأْتِيَ غَلَّتُهَا تَأْكُلُونَ عَتِيقًا. ٢٢ 22
You will plant in the eighth year and continue to eat from the previous years' produce and the stored food. Until the harvest of the ninth year comes in, you will be able to eat from the provisions stored in the previous years.
«وَٱلْأَرْضُ لَا تُبَاعُ بَتَّةً، لِأَنَّ لِيَ ٱلْأَرْضَ، وَأَنْتُمْ غُرَبَاءُ وَنُزَلَاءُ عِنْدِي. ٢٣ 23
The land must not be sold to a new permanent owner, because the land is mine. You are all foreigners and temporary residents on my land.
بَلْ فِي كُلِّ أَرْضِ مُلْكِكُمْ تَجْعَلُونَ فِكَاكًا لِلْأَرْضِ. ٢٤ 24
You must observe the right of redemption for all the land that you acquire; you must allow the land to be bought back by the family from whom you bought it.
إِذَا ٱفْتَقَرَ أَخُوكَ فَبَاعَ مِنْ مُلْكِهِ، يَأْتِي وَلِيُّهُ ٱلْأَقْرَبُ إِلَيْهِ وَيَفُكُّ مَبِيعَ أَخِيهِ. ٢٥ 25
If your fellow Israelite became poor and for that reason sold some of his property, then his nearest relative may come and buy back the property that he sold to you.
وَمَنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ وَلِيٌّ، فَإِنْ نَالَتْ يَدُهُ وَوَجَدَ مِقْدَارَ فِكَاكِهِ، ٢٦ 26
If a man has no relative to redeem his property, but if he has prospered and has the ability to redeem it,
يَحْسُبُ سِنِي بَيْعِهِ، وَيَرُدُّ ٱلْفَاضِلَ لِلْإِنْسَانِ ٱلَّذِي بَاعَ لَهُ، فَيَرْجِعُ إِلَى مُلْكِهِ. ٢٧ 27
then he may calculate the years since the land was sold and repay the balance to the man to whom he sold it. Then he may return to his own property.
وَإِنْ لَمْ تَنَلْ يَدُهُ كِفَايَةً لِيَرُدَّ لَهُ، يَكُونُ مَبِيعُهُ فِي يَدِ شَارِيهِ إِلَى سَنَةِ ٱلْيُوبِيلِ، ثُمَّ يَخْرُجُ فِي ٱلْيُوبِيلِ فَيَرْجِعُ إِلَى مُلْكِهِ. ٢٨ 28
But if he is not able to get the land back for himself, then the land he has sold will remain in the ownership of the one who bought it until the year of Jubilee. At the year of Jubilee, the land will be returned to the man who sold it, and the original owner will return to his property.
«وَإِذَا بَاعَ إِنْسَانٌ بَيْتَ سَكَنٍ فِي مَدِينَةٍ ذَاتِ سُورٍ، فَيَكُونُ فِكَاكُهُ إِلَى تَمَامِ سَنَةِ بَيْعِهِ. سَنَةً يَكُونُ فِكَاكُهُ. ٢٩ 29
If a man sells a house in a walled city, then he may buy it back within a whole year after it was sold. For a full year he will have the right of redemption.
وَإِنْ لَمْ يُفَكَّ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَكْمُلَ لَهُ سَنَةٌ تَامَّةٌ، وَجَبَ ٱلْبَيْتُ ٱلَّذِي فِي ٱلْمَدِينَةِ ذَاتِ ٱلسُّورِ بَتَّةً لِشَارِيهِ فِي أَجْيَالِهِ. لَا يَخْرُجُ فِي ٱلْيُوبِيلِ. ٣٠ 30
If the house is not redeemed within a full year, then the house in the walled city will become the permanent property of the buyer and his descendants. It is not to be returned in the year of Jubilee.
لَكِنَّ بُيُوتَ ٱلْقُرَى ٱلَّتِي لَيْسَ لَهَا سُورٌ حَوْلَهَا، فَمَعَ حُقُولِ ٱلْأَرْضِ تُحْسَبُ. يَكُونُ لَهَا فِكَاكٌ، وَفِي ٱلْيُوبِيلِ تَخْرُجُ. ٣١ 31
But the houses of the villages that have no wall around them will be considered as the field of the land. They may be redeemed, and they must be returned during the year of Jubilee.
وَأَمَّا مُدُنُ ٱللَّاوِيِّينَ، بُيُوتُ مُدُنِ مُلْكِهِمْ، فَيَكُونُ لَهَا فِكَاكٌ مُؤَبَّدٌ لِلَّاوِيِّينَ. ٣٢ 32
However, the houses owned by the Levites in their cities may be redeemed at any time.
وَٱلَّذِي يَفُكُّهُ مِنَ ٱللَّاوِيِّينَ ٱلْمَبِيعَ مِنْ بَيْتٍ أَوْ مِنْ مَدِينَةِ مُلْكِهِ يَخْرُجُ فِي ٱلْيُوبِيلِ، لِأَنَّ بُيُوتَ مُدُنِ ٱللَّاوِيِّينَ هِيَ مُلْكُهُمْ فِي وَسَطِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ. ٣٣ 33
If one of the Levites does not redeem a house he sold, then the house that was sold in the city where it is located must be returned in the year of Jubilee, for the houses of the cities of the Levites are their property among the people of Israel.
وَأَمَّا حُقُولُ ٱلْمَسَارِحِ لِمُدُنِهِمْ فَلَا تُبَاعُ، لِأَنَّهَا مُلْكٌ دَهْرِيٌّ لَهُمْ. ٣٤ 34
But the fields around their cities may not be sold because they are the permanent property of the Levites.
«وَإِذَا ٱفْتَقَرَ أَخُوكَ وَقَصُرَتْ يَدُهُ عِنْدَكَ، فَٱعْضُدْهُ غَرِيبًا أَوْ مُسْتَوْطِنًا فَيَعِيشَ مَعَكَ. ٣٥ 35
If your fellow countryman becomes poor, so that he can no longer provide for himself, then you must help him as you would help a foreigner or anyone else living as an outsider among you.
لَا تَأْخُذْ مِنْهُ رِبًا وَلَا مُرَابَحَةً، بَلِ ٱخْشَ إِلَهَكَ، فَيَعِيشَ أَخُوكَ مَعَكَ. ٣٦ 36
Do not charge him interest or try to profit from him in any way, but honor your God so that your brother may keep living with you.
فِضَّتَكَ لَا تُعْطِهِ بِٱلرِّبَا، وَطَعَامَكَ لَا تُعْطِ بِٱلْمُرَابَحَةِ. ٣٧ 37
You must not give him a loan of money and charge interest, nor sell him your food to earn a profit.
أَنَا ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكُمُ ٱلَّذِي أَخْرَجَكُمْ مِنْ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ لِيُعْطِيَكُمْ أَرْضَ كَنْعَانَ، فَيَكُونَ لَكُمْ إِلَهًا. ٣٨ 38
I am Yahweh your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, in order that I might give you the land of Canaan, and that I might be your God.
«وَإِذَا ٱفْتَقَرَ أَخُوكَ عِنْدَكَ وَبِيعَ لَكَ، فَلَا تَسْتَعْبِدْهُ ٱسْتِعْبَادَ عَبْدٍ. ٣٩ 39
If your fellow countryman has become poor and sells himself to you, you must not make him work like a slave.
كَأَجِيرٍ، كَنَزِيلٍ يَكُونُ عِنْدَكَ. إِلَى سَنَةِ ٱلْيُوبِيلِ يَخْدِمُ عِنْدَكَ، ٤٠ 40
Treat him as a hired servant. He must be like someone living temporarily with you. He will serve with you until the year of Jubilee.
ثُمَّ يَخْرُجُ مِنْ عِنْدِكَ هُوَ وَبَنُوهُ مَعَهُ وَيَعُودُ إِلَى عَشِيرَتِهِ، وَإِلَى مُلْكِ آبَائِهِ يَرْجِعُ. ٤١ 41
Then he will go away from you, he and his children with him, and he will return to his own family and to his fathers' property.
لِأَنَّهُمْ عَبِيدِي ٱلَّذِينَ أَخْرَجْتُهُمْ مِنْ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ، لَا يُبَاعُونَ بَيْعَ ٱلْعَبِيدِ. ٤٢ 42
For they are my servants whom I brought out of the land of Egypt. They will not be sold as slaves.
لَا تَتَسَلَّطْ عَلَيْهِ بِعُنْفٍ، بَلِ ٱخْشَ إِلَهَكَ. ٤٣ 43
You must not rule over them harshly, but you must honor your God.
وَأَمَّا عَبِيدُكَ وَإِمَاؤُكَ ٱلَّذِينَ يَكُونُونَ لَكَ، فَمِنَ ٱلشُّعُوبِ ٱلَّذِينَ حَوْلَكُمْ. مِنْهُمْ تَقْتَنُونَ عَبِيدًا وَإِمَاءً. ٤٤ 44
As for your male and female slaves, whom you can obtain from the nations who live around you, you may buy slaves from them.
وَأَيْضًا مِنْ أَبْنَاءِ ٱلْمُسْتَوْطِنِينَ ٱلنَّازِلِينَ عِنْدَكُمْ، مِنْهُمْ تَقْتَنُونَ وَمِنْ عَشَائِرِهِمِ ٱلَّذِينَ عِنْدَكُمُ ٱلَّذِينَ يَلِدُونَهُمْ فِي أَرْضِكُمْ، فَيَكُونُونَ مُلْكًا لَكُمْ. ٤٥ 45
You may also buy slaves from the foreigners who are living among you, that is, from their families who are with you, children who have been born in your land. They may become your property.
وَتَسْتَمْلِكُونَهُمْ لِأَبْنَائِكُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِكُمْ مِيرَاثَ مُلْكٍ. تَسْتَعْبِدُونَهُمْ إِلَى ٱلدَّهْرِ. وَأَمَّا إِخْوَتُكُمْ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ فَلَا يَتَسَلَّطْ إِنْسَانٌ عَلَى أَخِيهِ بِعُنْفٍ. ٤٦ 46
You may provide such slaves as an inheritance for your children after you, to hold as property, and make them slaves for life, but you must not rule over your brothers among the people of Israel with harshness.
«وَإِذَا طَالَتْ يَدُ غَرِيبٍ أَوْ نَزِيلٍ عِنْدَكَ، وَٱفْتَقَرَ أَخُوكَ عِنْدَهُ وَبِيعَ لِلْغَرِيبِ ٱلْمُسْتَوْطِنِ عِنْدَكَ أَوْ لِنَسْلِ عَشِيرَةِ ٱلْغَرِيبِ، ٤٧ 47
If a foreigner or someone living temporarily with you has become wealthy, and if one of your fellow Israelites has become poor and sells himself to that foreigner, or to someone in a foreigner's family,
فَبَعْدَ بَيْعِهِ يَكُونُ لَهُ فِكَاكٌ. يَفُكُّهُ وَاحِدٌ مِنْ إِخْوَتِهِ، ٤٨ 48
after your fellow Israelite has been bought, he may be bought back. Someone in his family may redeem him.
أَوْ يَفُكُّهُ عَمُّهُ أَوِ ٱبْنُ عَمِّهِ، أَوْ يَفُكُّهُ وَاحِدٌ مِنْ أَقْرِبَاءِ جَسَدِهِ مِنْ عَشِيرَتِهِ، أَوْ إِذَا نَالَتْ يَدُهُ يَفُكُّ نَفْسَهُ. ٤٩ 49
It might be the person's uncle, or his uncle's son, who redeems him, or anyone who is his close relative from his family. Or, if he has become prosperous, he may redeem himself.
فَيُحَاسِبُ شَارِيَهُ مِنْ سَنَةِ بَيْعِهِ لَهُ إِلَى سَنَةِ ٱلْيُوبِيلِ، وَيَكُونُ ثَمَنُ بَيْعِهِ حَسَبَ عَدَدِ ٱلسِّنِينَ. كَأَيَّامِ أَجِيرٍ يَكُونُ عِنْدَهُ. ٥٠ 50
He must bargain with the man who bought him; they must count the years from the year he sold himself to his purchaser until the year of Jubilee. The price of his redemption must be figured in keeping with the rate paid to a hired servant, for the number of years he might continue to work for the one who bought him.
إِنْ بَقِيَ كَثِيرٌ مِنَ ٱلسِّنِينِ فَعَلَى قَدْرِهَا يَرُدُّ فِكَاكَهُ مِنْ ثَمَنِ شِرَائِهِ. ٥١ 51
If there are still many years until the year of Jubilee, he must pay back as the price for his redemption an amount of money that is in proportion to the number of those years.
وَإِنْ بَقِيَ قَلِيلٌ مِنَ ٱلسِّنِينَ إِلَى سَنَةِ ٱلْيُوبِيلِ يَحْسُبُ لَهُ وَعَلَى قَدْرِ سِنِيهِ يَرُدُّ فِكَاكَهُ. ٥٢ 52
If there are only a few years to the year of Jubilee, then he must bargain with his purchaser to reflect the number of years left before the year of Jubilee, and he must pay for his redemption in keeping with the number of years.
كَأَجِيرٍ مِنْ سَنَةٍ إِلَى سَنَةٍ يَكُونُ عِنْدَهُ. لَا يَتَسَلَّطْ عَلَيْهِ بِعُنْفٍ أَمَامَ عَيْنَيْكَ. ٥٣ 53
He is to be treated like a man hired year by year. You must make sure he is not treated with harshness.
وَإِنْ لَمْ يُفَكَّ بِهَؤُلَاءِ، يَخْرُجُ فِي سَنَةِ ٱلْيُوبِيلِ هُوَ وَبَنُوهُ مَعَهُ، ٥٤ 54
If he is not redeemed by these means, then he must serve until the year of Jubilee, he and his children with him.
لِأَنَّ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ لِي عَبِيدٌ. هُمْ عَبِيدِي ٱلَّذِينَ أَخْرَجْتُهُمْ مِنْ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ. أَنَا ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكُمْ. ٥٥ 55
To me the people of Israel are servants. They are my servants whom I brought out of the land of Egypt. I am Yahweh your God.'”