اَللَّاوِيِّينَ 22

وَكَلَّمَ ٱلرَّبُّ مُوسَى قَائِلًا: ١ 1
Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
«كَلِّمْ هَارُونَ وَبَنِيهِ أَنْ يَتَوَقَّوْا أَقْدَاسَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ ٱلَّتِي يُقَدِّسُونَهَا لِي وَلَا يُدَنِّسُوا ٱسْمِي ٱلْقُدُّوسَ. أَنَا ٱلرَّبُّ. ٢ 2
“Speak to Aaron and to his sons, tell them to keep away from the holy things of the people of Israel, which they set apart to me. They must not profane my holy name. I am Yahweh.
قُلْ لَهُمْ: فِي أَجْيَالِكُمْ كُلُّ إِنْسَانٍ مِنْ جَمِيعِ نَسْلِكُمُ ٱقْتَرَبَ إِلَى ٱلْأَقْدَاسِ ٱلَّتِي يُقَدِّسُهَا بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ لِلرَّبِّ، وَنَجَاسَتُهُ عَلَيْهِ، تُقْطَعُ تِلْكَ ٱلنَّفْسُ مِنْ أَمَامِي. أَنَا ٱلرَّبُّ. ٣ 3
Say to them, 'If any of your descendants throughout your generations approaches the holy things that the people of Israel have set apart to Yahweh, while he is unclean, that person must be cut off from before me: I am Yahweh.
كُلُّ إِنْسَانٍ مِنْ نَسْلِ هَارُونَ وَهُوَ أَبْرَصُ أَوْ ذُو سَيْلٍ، لَا يَأْكُلْ مِنَ ٱلْأَقْدَاسِ حَتَّى يَطْهُرَ. وَمَنْ مَسَّ شَيْئًا نَجِسًا لِمَيْتٍ، أَوْ إِنْسَانٌ حَدَثَ مِنْهُ ٱضْطِجَاعُ زَرْعٍ، ٤ 4
None of the descendants of Aaron who has an infectious skin disease, or an infection flowing from his body, may eat any of the sacrifices made to Yahweh until he is clean. Whoever touches anything unclean through contact with the dead, or by contact with a man who has a flow of semen,
أَوْ إِنْسَانٌ مَسَّ دَبِيبًا يَتَنَجَّسُ بِهِ، أَوْ إِنْسَانًا يَتَنَجَّسُ بِهِ لِنَجَاسَةٍ فِيهِ، ٥ 5
or whoever touches any creeping animal that makes him unclean, or any person who makes him unclean, whatever kind of uncleanness it may be—
فَٱلَّذِي يَمَسُّ ذَلِكَ يَكُونُ نَجِسًا إِلَى ٱلْمَسَاءِ، وَلَا يَأْكُلْ مِنَ ٱلْأَقْدَاسِ، بَلْ يَرْحَضُ جَسَدَهُ بِمَاءٍ. ٦ 6
then the priest who touches anything unclean will be unclean until evening. He must not eat any of the holy things, unless he has bathed his body in water.
فَمَتَى غَرَبَتِ ٱلشَّمْسُ يَكُونُ طَاهِرًا، ثُمَّ يَأْكُلُ مِنَ ٱلْأَقْدَاسِ لِأَنَّهَا طَعَامُهُ. ٧ 7
When the sun has set, he will then be clean. After sunset he may eat from the holy things, because they are his food.
مِيْتَةً أَوْ فَرِيسَةً لَا يَأْكُلْ فَيَتَنَجَّسَ بِهَا. أَنَا ٱلرَّبُّ. ٨ 8
He must not eat anything found dead or killed by wild animals, by which he would defile himself. I am Yahweh.
فَيَحْفَظُونَ شَعَائِرِي لِكَيْ لَا يَحْمِلُوا لِأَجْلِهَا خَطِيَّةً يَمُوتُونَ بِهَا لِأَنَّهُمْ يُدَنِّسُونَهَا. أَنَا ٱلرَّبُّ مُقَدِّسُهُمْ. ٩ 9
The priests must follow my instructions, or they will be guilty of sin and could die for profaning me. I am Yahweh who makes them holy.
«وَكُلُّ أَجْنَبِيٍّ لَا يَأْكُلُ قُدْسًا. نَزِيلُ كَاهِنٍ وَأَجِيرُهُ لَا يَأْكُلُونَ قُدْسًا. ١٠ 10
No one outside the priest's family, including guests of a priest or his hired servants, may eat anything that is holy.
لَكِنْ إِذَا ٱشْتَرَى كَاهِنٌ أَحَدًا شِرَاءَ فِضَّةٍ، فَهُوَ يَأْكُلُ مِنْهُ، وَٱلْمَوْلُودُ فِي بَيْتِهِ. هُمَا يَأْكُلَانِ مِنْ طَعَامِهِ. ١١ 11
But if a priest buys any slave with his own money, that slave may eat from the things set apart to Yahweh. The priest's family members and slaves born in his house, they also may eat with him from those things.
وَإِذَا صَارَتِ ٱبْنَةُ كَاهِنٍ لِرَجُلٍ أَجْنَبِيٍّ لَا تَأْكُلُ مِنْ رَفِيعَةِ ٱلْأَقْدَاسِ. ١٢ 12
If a priest's daughter married someone who is not a priest, she may not eat any of the holy contribution offerings.
وَأَمَّا ٱبْنَةُ كَاهِنٍ قَدْ صَارَتْ أَرْمَلَةً أَوْ مُطَلَّقَةً، وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهَا نَسْلٌ، وَرَجَعَتْ إِلَى بَيْتِ أَبِيهَا كَمَا فِي صِبَاهَا، فَتَأْكُلُ مِنْ طَعَامِ أَبِيهَا. لَكِنَّ كُلَّ أَجْنَبِيٍّ لَا يَأْكُلُ مِنْهُ. ١٣ 13
But if a priest's daughter is a widow, or divorced, and if she has no child, and if she returns to live in her father's house as in her youth, she may eat from her father's food. But no one who is not in the priestly family may eat from the priest's food.
وَإِذَا أَكَلَ إِنْسَانٌ قُدْسًا سَهْوًا، يَزِيدُ عَلَيْهِ خُمْسَهُ وَيَدْفَعُ ٱلْقُدْسَ لِلْكَاهِنِ. ١٤ 14
If a man eats a holy food without knowing it, then he must repay the priest for it; he must add one-fifth to it and give it back to the priest.
فَلَا يُدَنِّسُونَ أَقْدَاسَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ ٱلَّتِي يَرْفَعُونَهَا لِلرَّبِّ، ١٥ 15
The people of Israel must not profane the holy things that they have raised high and presented to Yahweh,
فَيُحَمِّلُونَهُمْ ذَنْبَ إِثْمٍ بِأَكْلِهِمْ أَقْدَاسَهُمْ. لِأَنِّي أَنَا ٱلرَّبُّ مُقَدِّسُهُمْ». ١٦ 16
and cause themselves to carry the sin that would make them guilty of eating the holy food, for I am Yahweh who makes them holy.'”
وَكَلَّمَ ٱلرَّبُّ مُوسَى قَائِلًا: ١٧ 17
Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
«كَلِّمْ هَارُونَ وَبَنِيهِ وَجَمِيعَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَقُلْ لَهُمْ: كُلُّ إِنْسَانٍ مِنْ بَيْتِ إِسْرَائِيلَ وَمِنَ ٱلْغُرَبَاءِ فِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، قَرَّبَ قُرْبَانَهُ مِنْ جَمِيعِ نُذُورِهِمْ وَجَمِيعِ نَوَافِلِهِمِ ٱلَّتِي يُقَرِّبُونَهَا لِلرَّبِّ مُحْرَقَةً، ١٨ 18
“Speak to Aaron and his sons, and to all the people of Israel. Say to them, 'Any Israelite, or an alien living in Israel, when they present a sacrifice—whether it is to fulfill a vow, or whether it is a freewill offering, or they present to Yahweh a burnt offering,
فَلِلرِّضَا عَنْكُمْ يَكُونُ ذَكَرًا صَحِيحًا مِنَ ٱلْبَقَرِ أَوِ ٱلْغَنَمِ أَوِ ٱلْمَعْزِ. ١٩ 19
if it is to be accepted, they must offer a male animal without blemish from the cattle, sheep, or goats.
كُلُّ مَا كَانَ فِيهِ عَيْبٌ لَا تُقَرِّبُوهُ لِأَنَّهُ لَا يَكُونُ لِلرِّضَا عَنْكُمْ. ٢٠ 20
But you must not offer whatever has a blemish. I will not accept it on your behalf.
وَإِذَا قَرَّبَ إِنْسَانٌ ذَبِيحَةَ سَلَامَةٍ لِلرَّبِّ وَفَاءً لِنَذْرٍ، أَوْ نَافِلَةً مِنَ ٱلْبَقَرِ أَوِ ٱلْأَغْنَامِ، تَكُونُ صَحِيحَةً لِلرِّضَا. كُلُّ عَيْبٍ لَا يَكُونُ فِيهَا. ٢١ 21
Whoever offers a sacrifice of fellowship offerings from the herd or the flock to Yahweh to fulfill a vow, or as a freewill offering, it must be unblemished to be accepted. There must be no defect in the animal.
ٱلْأَعْمَى وَٱلْمَكْسُورُ وَٱلْمَجْرُوحُ وَٱلْبَثِيرُ وَٱلْأَجْرَبُ وَٱلْأَكْلَفُ، هَذِهِ لَا تُقَرِّبُوهَا لِلرَّبِّ، وَلَا تَجْعَلُوا مِنْهَا وَقُودًا عَلَى ٱلْمَذْبَحِ لِلرَّبِّ. ٢٢ 22
You must not offer animals that are blind, disabled, or maimed, or that have warts, sores, or scabs. You must not offer these to Yahweh as a sacrifice by fire on the altar.
وَأَمَّا ٱلثَّوْرُ أَوِ ٱلشَّاةُ ٱلزَّوَائِدِيُّ أَوِ ٱلْقُزُمُ فَنَافِلَةً تَعْمَلُهُ، وَلَكِنْ لِنَذْرٍ لَا يُرْضَى بِهِ. ٢٣ 23
You may present as a freewill offering an ox or a lamb that is deformed or small, but an offering like that will not be accepted for a vow.
وَمَرْضُوضَ ٱلْخِصْيَةِ وَمَسْحُوقَهَا وَمَقْطُوعَهَا لَا تُقَرِّبُوا لِلرَّبِّ. وَفِي أَرْضِكُمْ لَا تَعْمَلُوهَا. ٢٤ 24
Do not offer any animal to Yahweh that has bruised, crushed, torn, or cut testicles. Do not do this within your land.
وَمِنْ يَدِ ٱبْنِ ٱلْغَرِيبِ لَا تُقَرِّبُوا خُبْزَ إِلَهِكُمْ مِنْ جَمِيعِ هَذِهِ، لِأَنَّ فِيهَا فَسَادَهَا. فِيهَا عَيْبٌ لَا يُرْضَى بِهَا عَنْكُمْ». ٢٥ 25
You must not present the bread of your God from the hand of a foreigner. Those animals are deformed and have defects in them, they will not be accepted for you.'”
وَكَلَّمَ ٱلرَّبُّ مُوسَى قَائِلًا: ٢٦ 26
Yahweh spoke to Moses and said,
«مَتَى وُلِدَ بَقَرٌ أَوْ غَنَمٌ أَوْ مِعْزًى يَكُونُ سَبْعَةَ أَيَّامٍ تَحْتَ أُمِّهِ، ثُمَّ مِنَ ٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلثَّامِنِ فَصَاعِدًا يُرْضَى بِهِ قُرْبَانَ وَقُودٍ لِلرَّبِّ. ٢٧ 27
“When a calf or a sheep or a goat is born, it must remain seven days with its mother. Then from the eighth day on, it may be accepted as a sacrifice for an offering made by fire to Yahweh.
وَأَمَّا ٱلْبَقَرَةُ أَوِ ٱلشَّاةُ فَلَا تَذْبَحُوهَا وَٱبْنَهَا فِي يَوْمٍ وَاحِدٍ. ٢٨ 28
Do not kill a cow or ewe along with its young, both on the same day.
وَمَتَى ذَبَحْتُمْ ذَبِيحَةَ شُكْرٍ لِلرَّبِّ، فَلِلرِّضَا عَنْكُمْ تَذْبَحُونَهَا. ٢٩ 29
When you sacrifice a thank offering to Yahweh, you must sacrifice it in an acceptable way.
فِي ذَلِكَ ٱلْيَوْمِ تُؤْكَلُ. لَا تُبْقُوا مِنْهَا إِلَى ٱلْغَدِ. أَنَا ٱلرَّبُّ. ٣٠ 30
It must be eaten on the same day that it is sacrificed. You must leave none of it until the next morning. I am Yahweh.
فَتَحْفَظُونَ وَصَايَايَ وَتَعْمَلُونَهَا. أَنَا ٱلرَّبُّ. ٣١ 31
So you must keep my commandments and carry them out. I am Yahweh.
وَلَا تُدَنِّسُونَ ٱسْمِي ٱلْقُدُّوسَ، فَأَتَقَدَّسُ فِي وَسَطِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ. أَنَا ٱلرَّبُّ مُقَدِّسُكُمُ ٣٢ 32
You must not profane my holy name. I must be acknowledged as holy by the people of Israel. I am Yahweh who makes you holy,
ٱلَّذِي أَخْرَجَكُمْ مِنْ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ لِيَكُونَ لَكُمْ إِلَهًا. أَنَا ٱلرَّبُّ». ٣٣ 33
who brought you out of the land of Egypt to be your God: I am Yahweh.”