اَللَّاوِيِّينَ 11

وَكَلَّمَ ٱلرَّبُّ مُوسَى وَهَارُونَ قَائِلًا لَهُمَا: ١ 1
Yahweh spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying,
«كَلِّمَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَائِلَيْنِ: هَذِهِ هِيَ ٱلْحَيَوَانَاتُ ٱلَّتِي تَأْكُلُونَهَا مِنْ جَمِيعِ ٱلْبَهَائِمِ ٱلَّتِي عَلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ: ٢ 2
“Speak to the people of Israel, saying, 'These are the living things which you may eat among all the animals that are on the earth.
كُلُّ مَا شَقَّ ظِلْفًا وَقَسَمَهُ ظِلْفَيْنِ، وَيَجْتَرُّ مِنَ ٱلْبَهَائِمِ، فَإِيَّاهُ تَأْكُلُونَ. ٣ 3
You may eat any animal that has a split hoof and that also chews the cud.
إِلَّا هَذِهِ فَلَا تَأْكُلُوهَا مِمَّا يَجْتَرُّ وَمِمَّا يَشُقُّ ٱلظِّلْفَ: ٱلْجَمَلَ، لِأَنَّهُ يَجْتَرُّ لَكِنَّهُ لَا يَشُقُّ ظِلْفًا، فَهُوَ نَجِسٌ لَكُمْ. ٤ 4
However, some animals either chew the cud or have a split hoof, and you must not eat them, animals such as the camel, because it chews the cud but does not have a split hoof. So the camel is unclean to you.
وَٱلْوَبْرَ، لِأَنَّهُ يَجْتَرُّ لَكِنَّهُ لَا يَشُقُّ ظِلْفًا، فَهُوَ نَجِسٌ لَكُمْ. ٥ 5
Also the rock badger, because it chews the cud but does not have a split hoof, it is also unclean to you.
وَٱلْأَرْنَبَ، لِأَنَّهُ يَجْتَرُّ لَكِنَّهُ لَا يَشُقُّ ظِلْفًا، فَهُوَ نَجِسٌ لَكُمْ. ٦ 6
The rabbit, because it chews the cud, but does not have a split hoof, is unclean to you.
وَٱلْخِنْزِيرَ، لِأَنَّهُ يَشُقُّ ظِلْفًا وَيَقْسِمُهُ ظِلْفَيْنِ، لَكِنَّهُ لَا يَجْتَرُّ، فَهُوَ نَجِسٌ لَكُمْ. ٧ 7
The pig, although it has a split hoof, does not chew the cud, is unclean to you.
مِنْ لَحْمِهَا لَا تَأْكُلُوا وَجُثَثَهَا لَا تَلْمِسُوا. إِنَّهَا نَجِسَةٌ لَكُمْ. ٨ 8
You must not eat any of their meat, nor touch their carcasses. They are unclean to you.
«وَهَذَا تَأْكُلُونَهُ مِنْ جَمِيعِ مَا فِي ٱلْمِيَاهِ: كُلُّ مَا لَهُ زَعَانِفُ وَحَرْشَفٌ فِي ٱلْمِيَاهِ، فِي ٱلْبِحَارِ وَفِي ٱلْأَنْهَارِ، فَإِيَّاهُ تَأْكُلُونَ. ٩ 9
The animals living in the water that you may eat are all those that have fins and scales, whether in the ocean or in the rivers.
لَكِنْ كُلُّ مَا لَيْسَ لَهُ زَعَانِفُ وَحَرْشَفٌ فِي ٱلْبِحَارِ وَفِي ٱلْأَنْهَارِ، مِنْ كُلِّ دَبِيبٍ فِي ٱلْمِيَاهِ وَمِنْ كُلِّ نَفْسٍ حَيَّةٍ فِي ٱلْمِيَاهِ، فَهُوَ مَكْرُوهٌ لَكُمْ، ١٠ 10
But all living creatures that do not have fins and scales in the ocean or rivers, including all that move in the water and all the living creatures that are in the water— they must be detested by you.
وَمَكْرُوهًا يَكُونُ لَكُمْ. مِنْ لَحْمِهِ لَا تَأْكُلُوا، وَجُثَّتَهُ تَكْرَهُونَ. ١١ 11
Since they must be detested, you must not eat of their meat; also, their carcasses must be detested.
كُلُّ مَا لَيْسَ لَهُ زَعَانِفُ وَحَرْشَفٌ فِي ٱلْمِيَاهِ فَهُوَ مَكْرُوهٌ لَكُمْ. ١٢ 12
Whatever has no fins or scales in the water must be detested by you.
«وَهَذِهِ تَكْرَهُونَهَا مِنَ ٱلطُّيُورِ. لَا تُؤْكَلْ. إِنَّهَا مَكْرُوهَةٌ: اَلنَّسْرُ وَٱلْأَنُوقُ وَٱلْعُقَابُ ١٣ 13
The birds you must detest and that you must not eat are these: the eagle, the vulture,
وَٱلْحِدَأَةُ وَٱلْبَاشِقُ عَلَى أَجْنَاسِهِ، ١٤ 14
the kite, any kind of falcon,
وَكُلُّ غُرَابٍ عَلَى أَجْنَاسِهِ، ١٥ 15
every kind of raven,
وَٱلنَّعَامَةُ وَٱلظَّلِيمُ وَٱلسَّأَفُ وَٱلْبَازُ عَلَى أَجْنَاسِهِ، ١٦ 16
the horned owl and the screech owl, the seagull, and any kind of hawk.
وَٱلْبُومُ وَٱلْغَوَّاصُ وَٱلْكُرْكِيُّ ١٧ 17
You must also detest the little owl and the great owl, the cormorant,
وَٱلْبَجَعُ وَٱلْقُوقُ وَٱلرَّخَمُ ١٨ 18
the white owl and the barn owl, the osprey,
وَٱللَّقْلَقُ وَٱلْبَبْغَا عَلَى أَجْنَاسِهِ، وَٱلْهُدْهُدُ وَٱلْخُفَّاشُ. ١٩ 19
the stork, any kind of heron, the hoopoe, and also the bat.
وَكُلُّ دَبِيبِ ٱلطَّيْرِ ٱلْمَاشِي عَلَى أَرْبَعٍ. فَهُوَ مَكْرُوهٌ لَكُمْ. ٢٠ 20
All winged insects that walk on four legs are detestable to you.
إِلَّا هَذَا تَأْكُلُونَهُ مِنْ جَمِيعِ دَبِيبِ ٱلطَّيْرِ ٱلْمَاشِي عَلَى أَرْبَعٍ: مَا لَهُ كُرَاعَانِ فَوْقَ رِجْلَيْهِ يَثِبُ بِهِمَا عَلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ. ٢١ 21
Yet you may eat any of the flying insects that also walk on four legs if they have jointed legs for hopping on the ground.
هَذَا مِنْهُ تَأْكُلُونَ: ٱلْجَرَادُ عَلَى أَجْنَاسِهِ، وَٱلدَّبَا عَلَى أَجْنَاسِهِ، وَٱلْحَرْجُوانُ عَلَى أَجْنَاسِهِ، وَٱلْجُنْدُبُ عَلَى أَجْنَاسِهِ. ٢٢ 22
You may also eat any kind of locust, katydid, cricket, or grasshopper.
لَكِنْ سَائِرُ دَبِيبِ ٱلطَّيْرِ ٱلَّذِي لَهُ أَرْبَعُ أَرْجُلٍ فَهُوَ مَكْرُوهٌ لَكُمْ. ٢٣ 23
But all the flying insects that have four feet must be detested by you.
مِنْ هَذِهِ تَتَنَجَّسُونَ. كُلُّ مَنْ مَسَّ جُثَثَهَا يَكُونُ نَجِسًا إِلَى ٱلْمَسَاءِ، ٢٤ 24
You will become unclean until evening by these animals if you touch a carcass of one of them.
وَكُلُّ مَنْ حَمَلَ مِنْ جُثَثِهَا يَغْسِلُ ثِيَابَهُ وَيَكُونُ نَجِسًا إِلَى ٱلْمَسَاءِ. ٢٥ 25
Whoever picks up one of their carcasses must wash his clothes and remain unclean until evening.
وَجَمِيعُ ٱلْبَهَائِمِ ٱلَّتِي لَهَا ظِلْفٌ وَلَكِنْ لَا تَشُقُّهُ شَقًّا أَوْ لَا تَجْتَرُّ، فَهِيَ نَجِسَةٌ لَكُمْ. كُلُّ مَنْ مَسَّهَا يَكُونُ نَجِسًا. ٢٦ 26
Every animal which has a split hoof that is not completely divided or which does not chew the cud is unclean to you. Everyone who touches them will be unclean.
وَكُلُّ مَا يَمْشِي عَلَى كُفُوفِهِ مِنْ جَمِيعِ ٱلْحَيَوَانَاتِ ٱلْمَاشِيَةِ عَلَى أَرْبَعٍ، فَهُوَ نَجِسٌ لَكُمْ. كُلُّ مَنْ مَسَّ جُثَثَهَا يَكُونُ نَجِسًا إِلَى ٱلْمَسَاءِ. ٢٧ 27
Whatever walks on its paws among all the animals that walk on all four legs, they are unclean to you. Whoever touches such a carcass will be unclean until the evening.
وَمَنْ حَمَلَ جُثَثَهَا يَغْسِلُ ثِيَابَهُ وَيَكُونُ نَجِسًا إِلَى ٱلْمَسَاءِ. إِنَّهَا نَجِسَةٌ لَكُمْ. ٢٨ 28
Whoever picks up such a carcass must wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening. These animals will be unclean to you.
«وَهَذَا هُوَ ٱلنَّجِسُ لَكُمْ مِنَ ٱلدَّبِيبِ ٱلَّذِي يَدِبُّ عَلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ: اِبْنُ عِرْسٍ وَٱلْفَأْرُ وَٱلضَّبُّ عَلَى أَجْنَاسِهِ، ٢٩ 29
Of the animals that creep on the ground, these are the animals that will be unclean to you: the weasel, the rat, every kind of large lizard,
وَٱلْحِرْذَوْنُ وَٱلْوَرَلُ وَٱلْوَزَغَةُ وَٱلْعِظَايَةُ وَٱلْحِرْبَاءُ. ٣٠ 30
the gecko, the monitor lizard, the lizard, the skink, and the chameleon.
هَذِهِ هِيَ ٱلنَّجِسَةُ لَكُمْ مِنْ كُلِّ ٱلدَّبِيبِ. كُلُّ مَنْ مَسَّهَا بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا يَكُونُ نَجِسًا إِلَى ٱلْمَسَاءِ، ٣١ 31
Of all the animals that creep, these are the animals which will be unclean to you. Whoever touches them when they are dead will be unclean until evening.
وَكُلُّ مَا وَقَعَ عَلَيْهِ وَاحِدٌ مِنْهَا بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا يَكُونُ نَجِسًا. مِنْ كُلِّ مَتَاعِ خَشَبٍ أَوْ ثَوْبٍ أَوْ جِلْدٍ أَوْ بَلَاسٍ. كُلُّ مَتَاعٍ يُعْمَلُ بِهِ عَمَلٌ يُلْقَى فِي ٱلْمَاءِ وَيَكُونُ نَجِسًا إِلَى ٱلْمَسَاءِ ثُمَّ يَطْهُرُ. ٣٢ 32
If any of them dies and falls on anything, that thing will be unclean, whether it is made of wood, cloth, leather, or sackcloth. Whatever it is and whatever it is used for, it must be put into water; it will be unclean until evening. Then it will be clean.
وَكُلُّ مَتَاعِ خَزَفٍ وَقَعَ فِيهِ مِنْهَا، فَكُلُّ مَا فِيهِ يَتَنَجَّسُ، وَأَمَّا هُوَ فَتَكْسِرُونَهُ. ٣٣ 33
For every clay pot into or onto which any unclean animal falls, whatever is in the pot will become unclean, and you must destroy that pot.
مَا يَأْتِي عَلَيْهِ مَاءٌ مِنْ كُلِّ طَعَامٍ يُؤْكَلُ يَكُونُ نَجِسًا. وَكُلُّ شَرَابٍ يُشْرَبُ فِي كُلِّ مَتَاعٍ يَكُونُ نَجِسًا. ٣٤ 34
Any food that could be eaten but has water on it from such a pot is unclean. Any liquid that is for drinking from such a pot is unclean.
وَكُلُّ مَا وَقَعَ عَلَيْهِ وَاحِدَةٌ مِنْ جُثَثِهَا يَكُونُ نَجِسًا. اَلتَّنُّورُ وَٱلْمَوْقِدَةُ يُهْدَمَانِ. إِنَّهَا نَجِسَةٌ وَتَكُونُ نَجِسَةً لَكُمْ. ٣٥ 35
Anything that one of their carcasses falls on becomes unclean; if it is an oven or small stove, it must be broken to pieces. They are unclean and they must remain unclean to you.
إِلَّا ٱلْعَيْنَ وَٱلْبِئْرَ، مُجْتَمَعَيِ ٱلْمَاءِ، تَكُونَانِ طَاهِرَتَيْنِ. لَكِنْ مَا مَسَّ جُثَثَهَا يَكُونُ نَجِسًا. ٣٦ 36
A spring or cistern for collecting water remains clean; but anyone who touches their carcass is unclean.
وَإِذَا وَقَعَتْ وَاحِدَةٌ مِنْ جُثَثِهَا عَلَى شَيْءٍ مِنْ بِزْرِ زَرْعٍ يُزْرَعُ فَهُوَ طَاهِرٌ. ٣٧ 37
If any part of their carcass falls upon any seeds for planting, those seeds will still be clean.
لَكِنْ إِذَا جُعِلَ مَاءٌ عَلَى بِزْرٍ فَوَقَعَ عَلَيْهِ وَاحِدَةٌ مِنْ جُثَثِهَا، فَإِنَّهُ نَجِسٌ لَكُمْ. ٣٨ 38
But if water is put on the seeds, and if any part of their carcass falls on them, then they will be unclean to you.
وَإِذَا مَاتَ وَاحِدٌ مِنَ ٱلْبَهَائِمِ ٱلَّتِي هِيَ طَعَامٌ لَكُمْ، فَمَنْ مَسَّ جُثَّتَهُ يَكُونُ نَجِسًا إِلَى ٱلْمَسَاءِ. ٣٩ 39
If any animal that you may eat dies, then he who touches the carcass will be unclean until evening.
وَمَنْ أَكَلَ مِنْ جُثَّتِهِ يَغْسِلُ ثِيَابَهُ وَيَكُونُ نَجِسًا إِلَى ٱلْمَسَاءِ. وَمَنْ حَمَلَ جُثَّتَهُ يَغْسِلُ ثِيَابَهُ وَيَكُونُ نَجِسًا إِلَى ٱلْمَسَاءِ. ٤٠ 40
Whoever eats any of that carcass must wash his clothes and be unclean until evening. Anyone who picks up such a carcass will wash his clothes and be unclean until evening.
«وَكُلُّ دَبِيبٍ يَدِبُّ عَلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ فَهُوَ مَكْرُوهٌ لَا يُؤْكَلُ. ٤١ 41
Every animal that creeps on the ground is to be detested; it must not be eaten.
كُلُّ مَا يَمْشِي عَلَى بَطْنِهِ، وَكُلُّ مَا يَمْشِي عَلَى أَرْبَعٍ مَعَ كُلِّ مَا كَثُرَتْ أَرْجُلُهُ مِنْ كُلِّ دَبِيبٍ يَدِبُّ عَلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ، لَا تَأْكُلُوهُ لِأَنَّهُ مَكْرُوهٌ. ٤٢ 42
Whatever crawls on its belly, and whatever walks on all four legs, or whatever has many feet—all the animals that creep on the ground, these you must not eat, for they are to be detested.
لَا تُدَنِّسُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ بِدَبِيبٍ يَدِبُّ، وَلَا تَتَنَجَّسُوا بِهِ، وَلَا تَكُونُوا بِهِ نَجِسِينَ. ٤٣ 43
You must not make yourselves unclean with any living creatures that creep; you must not make yourselves unclean with them, that you should be made impure by them.
إِنِّي أَنَا ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكُمْ فَتَتَقَدَّسُونَ وَتَكُونُونَ قِدِّيسِينَ، لِأَنِّي أَنَا قُدُّوسٌ. وَلَا تُنَجِّسُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ بِدَبِيبٍ يَدِبُّ عَلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ. ٤٤ 44
For I am Yahweh your God. You are to keep yourselves holy, therefore, and be holy, because I am holy. You must not defile yourselves with any kind of animal that moves about on the ground.
إِنِّي أَنَا ٱلرَّبُّ ٱلَّذِي أَصْعَدَكُمْ مِنْ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ لِيَكُونَ لَكُمْ إِلَهًا. فَتَكُونُونَ قِدِّيسِينَ لِأَنِّي أَنَا قُدُّوسٌ. ٤٥ 45
For I am Yahweh, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your God. You must therefore be holy, for I am holy.
هَذِهِ شَرِيعَةُ ٱلْبَهَائِمِ وَٱلطُّيُورِ وَكُلِّ نَفْسٍ حَيَّةٍ تَسْعَى فِي ٱلْمَاءِ وَكُلِّ نَفْسٍ تَدِبُّ عَلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ، ٤٦ 46
This is the law regarding the animals, the birds, every living creature that moves in the waters, and of every creature that creeps on the ground,
لِلتَّمْيِيزِ بَيْنَ ٱلنَّجِسِ وَٱلطَّاهِرِ، وَبَيْنَ ٱلْحَيَوَانَاتِ ٱلَّتِي تُؤْكَلُ، وَٱلْحَيَوَانَاتِ ٱلَّتِي لَا تُؤْكَلُ». ٤٧ 47
for which a distinction is to be made between the unclean and the clean, and between the living things that may be eaten and the living things that may not be eaten.'”