اَلتَّكْوِينُ 47

فَأَتَى يُوسُفُ وَأَخبَرَ فِرْعَوْنَ وَقَالَ: «أَبِي وَإِخْوَتِي وَغَنَمُهُمْ وَبَقَرُهُمْ وَكُلُّ مَا لَهُمْ جَاءُوا مِنْ أَرْضِ كَنْعَانَ، وَهُوَذَا هُمْ فِي أَرْضِ جَاسَانَ». ١ 1
Then Joseph went in and told Pharaoh, “My father and my brothers, their flocks, their herds, and all that they own, have arrived from the land of Canaan. See, they are in the land of Goshen.”
وَأَخَذَ مِنْ جُمْلَةِ إِخْوَتِهِ خَمْسَةَ رِجَالٍ وَأَوْقَفَهُمْ أَمَامَ فِرْعَوْنَ. ٢ 2
He took five of his brothers and introduced them to Pharaoh.
فَقَالَ فِرْعَوْنُ لِإِخْوَتِهِ: «مَا صِنَاعَتُكُمْ؟» فَقَالُوا لِفِرْعَوْنَ: «عَبِيدُكَ رُعَاةُ غَنَمٍ نَحْنُ وَآبَاؤُنَا جَمِيعًا». ٣ 3
Pharaoh said to his brothers, “What is your occupation?” They said to Pharaoh, “Your servants are shepherds, as our ancestors.”
وَقَالُوا لِفِرْعَوْنَ: «جِئْنَا لِنَتَغَرَّبَ فِي ٱلْأَرْضِ، إِذْ لَيْسَ لِغَنَمِ عَبِيدِكَ مَرْعًى، لِأَنَّ ٱلْجُوعَ شَدِيدٌ فِي أَرْضِ كَنْعَانَ. فَٱلْآنَ لِيَسْكُنْ عَبِيدُكَ فِي أَرْضِ جَاسَانَ». ٤ 4
Then they said to Pharaoh, “We come as temporary residents in the land. There is no pasture for your servants' flocks, because the famine is severe in the land of Canaan. So now, please let your servants live in the land of Goshen.”
فَكَلَّمَ فِرْعَوْنُ يُوسُفَ قَائِلًا: «أَبُوكَ وَإِخْوَتُكَ جَاءُوا إِلَيْكَ. ٥ 5
Then Pharaoh spoke to Joseph, saying, “Your father and your brothers have come to you.
أَرْضُ مِصْرَ قُدَّامَكَ. فِي أَفْضَلِ ٱلْأَرْضِ أَسْكِنْ أَبَاكَ وَإِخْوَتَكَ، لِيَسْكُنُوا فِي أَرْضِ جَاسَانَ. وَإِنْ عَلِمْتَ أَنَّهُ يُوجَدُ بَيْنَهُمْ ذَوُو قُدْرَةٍ، فَٱجْعَلْهُمْ رُؤَسَاءَ مَوَاشٍ عَلَى ٱلَّتِي لِي». ٦ 6
The land of Egypt is before you. Settle your father and your brothers in the best region, the land of Goshen. If you know any capable men among them, put them in charge of my livestock.”
ثُمَّ أَدْخَلَ يُوسُفُ يَعْقُوبَ أَبَاهُ وَأَوْقَفَهُ أَمَامَ فِرْعَوْنَ. وَبَارَكَ يَعْقُوبُ فِرْعَوْنَ. ٧ 7
Then Joseph brought in Jacob his father and presented him to Pharaoh. Jacob blessed Pharaoh.
فَقَالَ فِرْعَوْنُ لِيَعْقُوبَ: «كَمْ هِيَ أَيَّامُ سِنِي حَيَاتِكَ؟» ٨ 8
Pharaoh said to Jacob, “How long have you lived?”
فَقَالَ يَعْقُوبُ لِفِرْعَوْنَ: «أَيَّامُ سِنِي غُرْبَتِي مِئَةٌ وَثَلَاثُونَ سَنَةً. قَلِيلَةً وَ رَدِيَّةً كَانَتْ أَيَّامُ سِنِي حَيَاتِي، وَلَمْ تَبْلُغْ إِلَى أَيَّامِ سِنِي حَيَاةِ آبَائِي فِي أَيَّامِ غُرْبَتِهِمْ». ٩ 9
Jacob said to Pharaoh, “The years of my travels are a hundred and thirty. The years of my life have been few and painful. They have not been as long as those of my ancestors.”
وَبَارَكَ يَعْقُوبُ فِرْعَوْنَ وَخَرَجَ مِنْ لَدُنْ فِرْعَوْنَ. ١٠ 10
Then Jacob blessed Pharaoh and went out from his presence.
فَأَسْكَنَ يُوسُفُ أَبَاهُ وَإِخْوَتَهُ وَأَعْطَاهُمْ مُلْكًا فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ، فِي أَفْضَلِ ٱلْأَرْضِ، فِي أَرْضِ رَعَمْسِيسَ كَمَا أَمَرَ فِرْعَوْنُ. ١١ 11
Then Joseph settled his father and his brothers. He gave them a territory in the land of Egypt, the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded.
وَعَالَ يُوسُفُ أَبَاهُ وَإِخْوَتَهُ وَكُلَّ بَيْتِ أَبِيهِ بِطَعَامٍ عَلَى حَسَبِ ٱلْأَوْلَادِ. ١٢ 12
Joseph provided food for his father, his brothers, and all his father's household, according the number of their dependents.
وَلَمْ يَكُنْ خُبْزٌ فِي كُلِّ ٱلْأَرْضِ، لِأَنَّ ٱلْجُوعَ كَانَ شَدِيدًا جِدًّا. فَخَوَّرَتْ أَرْضُ مِصْرَ وَأَرْضُ كَنْعَانَ مِنْ أَجْلِ ٱلْجُوعِ. ١٣ 13
Now there was no food in all the land; for the famine was severe. The land of Egypt and the land of Canaan wasted away because of the famine.
فَجَمَعَ يُوسُفُ كُلَّ ٱلْفِضَّةِ ٱلْمَوْجُودَةِ فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ وَفِي أَرْضِ كَنْعَانَ بِٱلْقَمْحِ ٱلَّذِي ٱشْتَرُوا، وَجَاءَ يُوسُفُ بِٱلْفِضَّةِ إِلَى بَيْتِ فِرْعَوْنَ. ١٤ 14
Joseph gathered all the money that was in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan, by selling grain to the inhabitants. Then Joseph brought the money to Pharaoh's palace.
فَلَمَّا فَرَغَتِ ٱلْفِضَّةُ مِنْ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ وَمِنْ أَرْضِ كَنْعَانَ أَتَى جَمِيعُ ٱلْمِصْرِيِّينَ إِلَى يُوسُفَ قَائِلِينَ: «أَعْطِنَا خُبْزًا، فَلِمَاذَا نَمُوتُ قُدَّامَكَ؟ لِأَنْ لَيْسَ فِضَّةٌ أَيْضًا». ١٥ 15
When all the money of the lands of Egypt and Canaan was spent, all the Egyptians came to Joseph saying, “Give us food! Why should we die in your presence because our money is gone?”
فَقَالَ يُوسُفُ: «هَاتُوا مَوَاشِيَكُمْ فَأُعْطِيَكُمْ بِمَوَاشِيكُمْ، إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ فِضَّةٌ أَيْضًا». ١٦ 16
Joseph said, “If your money is gone, bring your livestock and I will give you food in exchange for your livestock.”
فَجَاءُوا بِمَوَاشِيهِمْ إِلَى يُوسُفَ، فَأَعْطَاهُمْ يُوسُفُ خُبْزًا بِٱلْخَيْلِ وَبِمَوَاشِي ٱلْغَنَمِ وَٱلْبَقَرِ وَبِٱلْحَمِيرِ. فَقَاتَهُمْ بِٱلْخُبْزِ تِلْكَ ٱلسَّنَةَ بَدَلَ جَمِيعِ مَوَاشِيهِمْ. ١٧ 17
So they brought their livestock to Joseph. Joseph gave them food in exchange for the horses, for the flocks, for the herds, and for the donkeys. He fed them with bread in exchange for all their livestock that year.
وَلَمَّا تَمَّتْ تِلْكَ ٱلسَّنَةُ أَتَوْا إِلَيْهِ فِي ٱلسَّنَةِ ٱلْثَّانِيَةِ وَقَالُوا لَهُ: «لَا نُخْفِي عَنْ سَيِّدِي أَنَّهُ إِذْ قَدْ فَرَغَتِ ٱلْفِضَّةُ، وَمَوَاشِي ٱلْبَهَائِمِ عِنْدَ سَيِّدِي، لَمْ يَبْقَ قُدَّامَ سَيِّدِي إِلَا أَجْسَادُنَا وَأَرْضُنَا. ١٨ 18
When that year was ended, they came to him the next year and said to him, “We will not hide from my master that our money is all gone, and the herds of cattle are my master's. There is nothing left in the sight of my master, except our bodies and our land.
لِمَاذَا نَمُوتُ أَمَامَ عَيْنَيْكَ نَحْنُ وَأَرْضُنَا جَمِيعًا؟ اِشْتَرِنَا وَأَرْضَنَا بِٱلْخُبْزِ، فَنَصِيرَ نَحْنُ وَأَرْضُنَا عَبِيدًا لِفِرْعَوْنَ، وَأَعْطِ بِذَارًا لِنَحْيَا وَلَا نَمُوتَ وَلَا تَصِيرَ أَرْضُنَا قَفْرًا». ١٩ 19
Why should we die before your eyes, both we and our land? Buy us and our land in exchange for food, and we and our land will be servants to Pharaoh. Give us seed that we may live and not die, and that the land may not become desolate.”
فَٱشْتَرَى يُوسُفُ كُلَّ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ لِفِرْعَوْنَ، إِذْ بَاعَ ٱلْمِصْرِيُّونَ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ حَقْلَهُ، لِأَنَّ ٱلْجُوعَ ٱشْتَدَّ عَلَيْهِمْ. فَصَارَتِ ٱلْأَرْضُ لِفِرْعَوْنَ. ٢٠ 20
So Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh. For every Egyptian sold his field, because the famine was very severe. In this way, the land became Pharaoh's.
وَأَمَّا ٱلشَّعْبُ فَنَقَلَهُمْ إِلَى ٱلْمُدُنِ مِنْ أَقْصَى حَدِّ مِصْرَ إِلَى أَقْصَاهُ. ٢١ 21
As for the people, he made them slaves from one end of Egypt's border to the other end.
إِلَا إِنَّ أَرْضَ ٱلْكَهَنَةِ لَمْ يَشْتَرِهَا، إِذْ كَانَتْ لِلْكَهَنَةِ فَرِيضَةٌ مِنْ قِبَلِ فِرْعَوْنَ، فَأَكَلُوا فَرِيضَتَهُمُ ٱلَّتِي أَعْطَاهُمْ فِرْعَوْنُ، لِذَلِكَ لَمْ يَبِيعُوا أَرْضَهُمْ. ٢٢ 22
It was only the land of the priests that Joseph did not buy, because the priests were given an allowance. They ate from the allotment which Pharaoh gave them. Therefore they did not sell their land.
فَقَالَ يُوسُفُ لِلشَّعْبِ: «إِنِّي قَدِ ٱشْتَرَيْتُكُمُ ٱلْيَوْمَ وَأَرْضَكُمْ لِفِرْعَوْنَ. هُوَذَا لَكُمْ بِذَارٌ فَتَزْرَعُونَ ٱلْأَرْضَ. ٢٣ 23
Then Joseph said to the people, “See, I have bought you and your land today for Pharaoh. Now here is seed for you, and you will plant the land.
وَيَكُونُ عِنْدَ ٱلْغَلَّةِ أَنَّكُمْ تُعْطُونَ خُمْسًا لِفِرْعَوْنَ، وَٱلْأَرْبَعَةُ ٱلْأَجْزَاءُ تَكُونُ لَكُمْ بِذَارًا لِلْحَقْلِ، وَطَعَامًا لَكُمْ وَلِمَنْ فِي بْيُوتِكُمْ، وَطَعَامًا لِأَوْلَادِكُمْ». ٢٤ 24
At the harvest, you must give a fifth to Pharaoh, and four parts will be your own, for seed of the field and for food for your households and your children.”
فَقَالُوا: «أَحْيَيْتَنَا. لَيْتَنَا نَجِدُ نِعْمَةً فِي عَيْنَيْ سَيِّدِي فَنَكُونَ عَبِيدًا لِفِرْعَوْنَ». ٢٥ 25
They said, “You have saved our lives. May we find favor in your eyes. We will be Pharaoh's servants.”
فَجَعَلَهَا يُوسُفُ فَرْضًا عَلَى أَرْضِ مِصْرَ إِلَى هَذَا ٱلْيَوْمِ: لِفِرْعَوْنَ ٱلْخُمْسُ. إِلَا إِنَّ أَرْضَ ٱلْكَهَنَةِ وَحْدَهُمْ لَمْ تَصِرْ لِفِرْعَوْنَ. ٢٦ 26
So Joseph made it a statute which is in effect in the land of Egypt to this day, that one-fifth belongs to Pharaoh. Only the land of the priests did not become Pharaoh's.
وَسَكَنَ إِسْرَائِيلُ فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ، فِي أَرْضِ جَاسَانَ، وَتَمَلَّكُوا فِيهَا وَأَثْمَرُوا وَكَثُرُوا جِدًّا. ٢٧ 27
So Israel lived in the land of Egypt, in the land of Goshen. His people gained possessions there. They were fruitful and multiplied greatly.
وَعَاشَ يَعْقُوبُ فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ سَبْعَ عَشَرَةَ سَنَةً. فَكَانَتْ أَيَّامُ يَعْقُوبَ، سِنُو حَيَاتِهِ مِئَةً وَسَبْعًا وَأَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةً. ٢٨ 28
Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years, so the years of Jacob's life were one hundred forty-seven years.
وَلَمَّا قَرُبَتْ أَيَّامُ إِسْرَائِيلَ أَنْ يَمُوتَ دَعَا ٱبْنَهُ يُوسُفَ وَقَالَ لَهُ: «إِنْ كُنْتُ قَدْ وَجَدْتُ نِعْمَةً فِي عَيْنَيْكَ فَضَعْ يَدَكَ تَحْتَ فَخْذِي وَٱصْنَعْ مَعِي مَعْرُوفًا وَأَمَانَةً: لَا تَدْفِنِّي فِي مِصْرَ، ٢٩ 29
When the time approached for Israel to die, he called his son Joseph and said to him, “If now I have found favor in your eyes, put your hand under my thigh, and show me faithfulness and trustworthiness. Please do not bury me in Egypt.
بَلْ أَضْطَجِعُ مَعَ آبَائِي، فَتَحْمِلُنِي مِنْ مِصْرَ وَتَدْفِنُنِي فِي مَقْبَرَتِهِمْ». فَقَالَ: «أَنَا أَفْعَلُ بِحَسَبِ قَوْلِكَ». ٣٠ 30
When I sleep with my fathers, you will carry me out of Egypt and bury me in my forefathers' burial place.” Joseph said, “I will do as you have said.”
فَقَالَ: «ٱحْلِفْ لِي». فَحَلَفَ لَهُ. فَسَجَدَ إِسْرَائِيلُ عَلَى رَأْسِ ٱلسَّرِيرِ. ٣١ 31
Israel said, “Swear to me,” and Joseph swore to him. Then Israel bowed down at the head of his bed.