اَلتَّكْوِينُ 42

فَلَمَّا رَأَى يَعْقُوبُ أَنَّهُ يُوجَدُ قَمْحٌ فِي مِصْرَ، قَالَ يَعْقُوبُ لِبَنِيهِ: «لِمَاذَا تَنْظُرُونَ بَعْضُكُمْ إِلَى بَعْضٍ؟» ١ 1
Now Jacob became aware that there was grain in Egypt. He said to his sons, “Why do you look at one another?”
وَقَالَ «إِنِّي قَدْ سَمِعْتُ أَنَّهُ يُوجَدُ قَمْحٌ فِي مِصْرَ. ٱنْزِلُوا إِلَى هُنَاكَ وَٱشْتَرُوا لَنَا مِنْ هُنَاكَ لِنَحْيَا وَلَا نَمُوتَ». ٢ 2
He said, “See here, I have heard that there is grain in Egypt. Go down there and buy for us from there so we may live and not die.”
فَنَزَلَ عَشْرَةٌ مِنْ إِخْوَةِ يُوسُفَ لِيَشْتَرُوا قَمْحًا مِنْ مِصْرَ. ٣ 3
Joseph's ten brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt.
وَأَمَّا بَنْيَامِينُ أَخُو يُوسُفَ فَلَمْ يُرْسِلْهُ يَعْقُوبُ مَعَ إِخْوَتِهِ، لِأَنَّهُ قَالَ: «لَعَلَّهُ تُصِيبُهُ أَذِيَّةٌ». ٤ 4
But Benjamin, Joseph's brother, Jacob did not send with his brothers, for he feared that harm might come to him.
فَأَتَى بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ لِيَشْتَرُوا بَيْنَ ٱلَّذِينَ أَتَوْا، لِأَنَّ ٱلْجُوعَ كَانَ فِي أَرْضِ كَنْعَانَ. ٥ 5
The sons of Israel came to buy among those who came, for the famine was in the land of Canaan.
وَكَانَ يُوسُفُ هُوَ ٱلْمُسَلَّطَ عَلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ، وَهُوَ ٱلْبَائِعَ لِكُلِّ شَعْبِ ٱلْأَرْضِ. فَأَتَى إِخْوَةُ يُوسُفَ وَسَجَدُوا لَهُ بِوُجُوهِهِمْ إِلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ. ٦ 6
Now Joseph was the governor over the land. He was the one who sold to all the people of the land. Joseph's brothers came and bowed down to him with their faces to the ground.
وَلَمَّا نَظَرَ يُوسُفُ إِخْوَتَهُ عَرَفَهُمْ، فَتَنَكَّرَ لَهُمْ وَتَكَلَّمَ مَعَهُمْ بِجَفَاءٍ، وَقَالَ لَهُمْ: «مِنْ أَيْنَ جِئْتُمْ؟» فَقَالُوا: «مِنْ أَرْضِ كَنْعَانَ لِنَشْتَرِيَ طَعَامًا». ٧ 7
Joseph saw his brothers and recognized them, but he disguised himself to them and spoke harshly with them. He said to them, “Where have you come from?” They said, “From the land of Canaan to buy food.”
وَعَرَفَ يُوسُفُ إِخْوَتَهُ، وَأَمَّا هُمْ فَلَمْ يَعْرِفُوهُ. ٨ 8
Joseph recognized his brothers, but they did not recognize him.
فَتَذَكَّرَ يُوسُفُ ٱلْأَحْلَامَ ٱلَّتِي حَلُمَ عَنْهُمْ، وَقَالَ لَهُمْ: «جَوَاسِيسُ أَنْتُمْ! لِتَرَوْا عَوْرَةَ ٱلْأَرْضِ جِئْتُمْ» ٩ 9
Then Joseph remembered the dreams he had dreamed about them, and he said to them, “You are spies! You have come to see the undefended parts of the land.”
فَقَالُوا لَهُ: «لَا يَا سَيِّدِي، بَلْ عَبِيدُكَ جَاءُوا لِيَشْتَرُوا طَعَامًا. ١٠ 10
They said to him, “No, my master. Your servants have come to buy food.
نَحْنُ جَمِيعُنَا بَنُو رَجُلٍ وَاحِدٍ. نَحْنُ أُمَنَاءُ، لَيْسَ عَبِيدُكَ جَوَاسِيسَ». ١١ 11
We are all one man's sons. We are honest men. Your servants are not spies.”
فَقَالَ لَهُمْ: «كَلَّا! بَلْ لِتَرَوْا عَوْرَةَ ٱلْأَرْضِ جِئْتُمْ». ١٢ 12
He said to them, “No, you have come to see the undefended parts of the land.”
فَقَالُوا: «عَبِيدُكَ ٱثْنَا عَشَرَ أَخًا. نَحْنُ بَنُو رَجُلٍ وَاحِدٍ فِي أَرْضِ كَنْعَانَ. وَهُوَذَا ٱلصَّغِيرُ عِنْدَ أَبِينَا ٱلْيَوْمَ، وَٱلْوَاحِدُ مَفْقُودٌ». ١٣ 13
They said, “We your servants are twelve brothers, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan. See, the youngest is this day with our father, and one brother is no longer alive.”
فَقَالَ لَهُمْ يُوسُفُ: «ذَلِكَ مَا كَلَّمْتُكُمْ بِهِ قَائِلًا: جَوَاسِيسُ أَنْتُمْ! ١٤ 14
Joseph said to them, “It is what I said to you; you are spies.
بِهَذَا تُمْتَحَنُونَ. وَحَيَاةِ فِرْعَوْنَ لَا تَخْرُجُونَ مِنْ هُنَا إِلَا بِمَجِيءِ أَخِيكُمُ ٱلصَّغِيرِ إِلَى هُنَا. ١٥ 15
By this you will be tested. By the life of Pharaoh, you will not leave here, unless your youngest brother comes here.
أَرْسِلُوا مِنْكُمْ وَاحِدًا لِيَجِيءَ بِأَخِيكُمْ، وَأَنْتُمْ تُحْبَسُونَ، فَيُمْتَحَنَ كَلَامُكُمْ هَلْ عِنْدَكُمْ صِدْقٌ. وَإِلَا فَوَحَيَاةِ فِرْعَوْنَ إِنَّكُمْ لَجَوَاسِيسُ!». ١٦ 16
Send one of yourselves and let him get your brother. You will remain in prison, that your words may be tested, whether there is truth in you.”
فَجَمَعَهُمْ إِلَى حَبْسٍ ثَلَاثَةَ أَيَّامٍ. ١٧ 17
He put them all in custody for three days.
ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُمْ يُوسُفُ فِي ٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلثَّالِثِ: «ٱفْعَلُوا هَذَا وَٱحْيَوْا. أَنَا خَائِفُ ٱللهِ. ١٨ 18
Joseph said to them on the third day, “Do this and live, for I fear God.
إِنْ كُنْتُمْ أُمَنَاءَ فَلْيُحْبَسْ أَخٌ وَاحِدٌ مِنْكُمْ فِي بَيْتِ حَبْسِكُمْ، وَٱنْطَلِقُوا أَنْتُمْ وَخُذُوا قَمْحًا لِمَجَاعَةِ بُيُوتِكُمْ. ١٩ 19
If you are honest men, let one of your brothers be confined in this prison, but you go, carry grain for the famine of your houses.
وَأَحْضِرُوا أَخَاكُمُ ٱلصَّغِيرَ إِلَيَّ، فَيَتَحَقَّقَ كَلَامُكُمْ وَلَا تَمُوتُوا». فَفَعَلُوا هَكَذَا. ٢٠ 20
Bring your youngest brother to me so your words will be verified and you will not die.” So they did so.
وَقَالُوا بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ: «حَقًّا إِنَّنَا مُذْنِبُونَ إِلَى أَخِينَا ٱلَّذِي رَأَيْنَا ضِيقَةَ نَفْسِهِ لَمَّا ٱسْتَرْحَمَنَا وَلَمْ نَسْمَعْ. لِذَلِكَ جَاءَتْ عَلَيْنَا هَذِهِ ٱلضِّيقَةُ». ٢١ 21
They said to one another, “We are truly guilty concerning our brother in that we saw the distress of his soul when he pleaded with us and we would not listen. Therefore this distress has come upon us.”
فَأَجَابَهُمْ رَأُوبَيْنُ قَائِلًا: «أَلَمْ أُكَلِّمْكُمْ قَائِلًا: لَا تَأْثَمُوا بِٱلْوَلَدِ، وَأَنْتُمْ لَمْ تَسْمَعُوا؟ فَهُوَذَا دَمُهُ يُطْلَبُ». ٢٢ 22
Reuben answered them, “Did I not tell you, 'Do not sin against the boy,' but you would not listen? Now, see, his blood is required of us.”
وَهُمْ لَمْ يَعْلَمُوا أَنَّ يُوسُفَ فَاهِمٌ، لِأَنَّ ٱلتُّرْجُمَانَ كَانَ بَيْنَهُمْ. ٢٣ 23
They did not know that Joseph understood them, for there was an interpreter between them.
فَتَحَوَّلَ عَنْهُمْ وَبَكَى، ثُمَّ رَجَعَ إِلَيْهِمْ وَكَلَّمَهُمْ، وَأَخَذَ مِنْهُمْ شِمْعُونَ وَقَيَّدَهُ أَمَامَ عُيُونِهِمْ. ٢٤ 24
He turned from them and wept. He returned to them and spoke to them. He took Simeon from among them and bound him before their eyes.
ثُمَّ أَمَرَ يُوسُفُ أَنْ تُمْلَأَ أَوْعِيَتُهُمْ قَمْحًا، وَتُرَدَّ فِضَّةُ كُلِّ وَاحِدٍ إِلَى عِدْلِهِ، وَأَنْ يُعْطَوْا زَادًا لِلطَّرِيقِ. فَفُعِلَ لَهُمْ هَكَذَا. ٢٥ 25
Then Joseph commanded his servants to fill his brothers' bags with grain, and to put every man's money back into his sack, and to give them provisions for the journey. It was done for them.
فَحَمَلُوا قَمْحَهُمْ عَلَى حَمِيرِهِمْ وَمَضَوْا مِنْ هُنَاكَ. ٢٦ 26
The brothers loaded their donkeys with their grain and departed from there.
فَلَمَّا فَتَحَ أَحَدُهُمْ عِدْلَهُ لِيُعْطِيَ عَلِيقًا لِحِمَارِهِ فِي ٱلْمَنْزِلِ، رَأَى فِضَّتَهُ وَإِذَا هِيَ فِي فَمِ عِدْلِهِ. ٢٧ 27
As one of them opened his sack to give his donkey feed in the lodging place, he saw his money. Behold, it was in the opening of his sack.
فَقَالَ لِإِخْوَتِهِ: «رُدَّتْ فِضَّتِي وَهَا هِيَ فِي عِدْلِي». فَطَارَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَٱرْتَعَدُوا بَعْضُهُمْ فِي بَعْضٍ قَائِلِينَ: «مَا هَذَا ٱلَّذِي صَنَعَهُ ٱللهُ بِنَا؟». ٢٨ 28
He said to his brothers, “My money has been put back. Look at it; it is in my sack.” Their hearts sank and they turned trembling to one another, saying, “What is this that God has done to us?”
فَجَاءُوا إِلَى يَعْقُوبَ أَبِيهِمْ إِلَى أَرْضِ كَنْعَانَ، وَأَخْبَرُوهُ بِكُلِّ مَا أَصَابَهُمْ قَائِلِينَ: ٢٩ 29
They went to Jacob, their father in the land of Canaan and told him all that had happened to them. They said,
«تَكَلَّمَ مَعَنَا ٱلرَّجُلُ سَيِّدُ ٱلْأَرْضِ بِجَفَاءٍ، وَحَسِبَنَا جَوَاسِيسَ ٱلْأَرْضِ. ٣٠ 30
“The man, the lord of the land, spoke roughly with us and thought that we were spies in the land.
فَقُلْنَا لَهُ: نَحْنُ أُمَنَاءُ، لَسْنَا جَوَاسِيسَ. ٣١ 31
We said to him, 'We are honest men. We are not spies.
نَحْنُ ٱثْنَا عَشَرَ أَخًا بَنُو أَبِينَا. ٱلْوَاحِدُ مَفْقُودٌ وَٱلصَّغِيرُ ٱلْيَوْمَ عِنْدَ أَبِينَا فِي أَرْضِ كَنْعَانَ. ٣٢ 32
We are twelve brothers, sons of our father. One is no longer alive, and the youngest is this day with our father in the land of Canaan.'
فَقَالَ لَنَا ٱلرَّجُلُ سَيِّدُ ٱلْأَرْضِ: بِهَذَا أَعْرِفُ أَنَّكُمْ أُمَنَاءُ. دَعُوا أَخًا وَاحِدًا مِنْكُمْ عِنْدِي، وَخُذُوا لِمَجَاعَةِ بُيُوتِكُمْ وَٱنْطَلِقُوا. ٣٣ 33
The man, the lord of the land, said to us, 'By this I will know that you are honest men. Leave one of your brothers with me, take grain for the famine in your houses, and go your way.
وَأَحْضِرُوا أَخَاكُمُ ٱلصَّغِيرَ إِلَيَّ فَأَعْرِفَ أَنَّكُمْ لَسْتُمْ جَوَاسِيسَ، بَلْ أَنَّكُمْ أُمَنَاءُ، فَأُعْطِيَكُمْ أَخَاكُمْ وَتَتَّجِرُونَ فِي ٱلْأَرْضِ». ٣٤ 34
Bring your youngest brother to me. Then I will know that you are not spies, but that you are honest men. Then I will release your brother to you, and you will trade in the land.'”
وَإِذْ كَانُوا يُفَرِّغُونَ عِدَالَهُمْ إِذَا صُرَّةُ فِضَّةِ كُلِّ وَاحِدٍ فِي عِدْلِهِ. فَلَمَّا رَأَوْا صُرَرَ فِضَّتِهِمْ هُمْ وَأَبُوهُمْ خَافُوا. ٣٥ 35
It came about as they emptied their sacks, that, behold, every man's bag of silver was in his sack. When they and their father saw their bags of silver, they were afraid.
فَقَالَ لَهُمْ يَعْقُوبُ: «أَعْدَمْتُمُونِي ٱلْأَوْلَادَ. يُوسُفُ مَفْقُودٌ، وَشِمْعُونُ مَفْقُودٌ، وَبَنْيَامِينُ تَأْخُذُونَهُ. صَارَ كُلُّ هَذَا عَلَيَّ». ٣٦ 36
Jacob their father said to them, “You have bereaved me of my children. Joseph is no longer alive, Simeon is gone, and you will take Benjamin away. All these things are against me.”
وَكَلَّمَ رَأُوبَيْنُ أَبَاهُ قَائِلًا: «ٱقْتُلِ ٱبْنَيَّ إِنْ لَمْ أَجِئْ بِهِ إِلَيْكَ. سَلِّمْهُ بِيَدِي وَأَنَا أَرُدُّهُ إِلَيْكَ». ٣٧ 37
Reuben spoke to his father, saying, “You may kill my two sons if I do not bring Benjamin back to you. Put him in my hands, and I will bring him to you again.”
فَقَالَ: «لَا يَنْزِلُ ٱبْنِي مَعَكُمْ، لِأَنَّ أَخَاهُ قَدْ مَاتَ، وَهُوَ وَحْدَهُ بَاقٍ. فَإِنْ أَصَابَتْهُ أَذِيَّةٌ فِي ٱلطَّرِيقِ ٱلَّتِي تَذْهَبُونَ فِيهَا تُنْزِلُونَ شَيْبَتِي بِحُزْنٍ إِلَى ٱلْهَاوِيَةِ». (Sheol h7585) ٣٨ 38
Jacob said, “My son will not go down with you. For his brother is dead and he alone is left. If harm comes to him on the road in which you go, then you will bring down my gray hair with sorrow to Sheol.” (Sheol h7585)