اَلْخُرُوجُ 5

وَبَعْدَ ذَلِكَ دَخَلَ مُوسَى وَهَارُونُ وَقَالَا لِفِرْعَوْنَ: «هَكَذَا يَقُولُ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُ إِسْرَائِيلَ: أَطْلِقْ شَعْبِي لِيُعَيِّدُوا لِي فِي ٱلْبَرِّيَّةِ». ١ 1
After these things happened, Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said, “This is what Yahweh, the God of Israel, says: 'Let my people go, so they can have a festival for me in the wilderness.'”
فَقَالَ فِرْعَوْنُ: «مَنْ هُوَ ٱلرَّبُّ حَتَّى أَسْمَعَ لِقَوْلِهِ فَأُطْلِقَ إِسْرَائِيلَ؟ لَا أَعْرِفُ ٱلرَّبَّ، وَإِسْرَائِيلَ لَا أُطْلِقُهُ». ٢ 2
Pharaoh said, “Who is Yahweh? Why should I listen to his voice and let Israel go? I do not know Yahweh; moreover, I will not let Israel go.”
فَقَالَا: «إِلَهُ ٱلْعِبْرَانِيِّينَ قَدِ ٱلْتَقَانَا، فَنَذْهَبُ سَفَرَ ثَلَاثَةِ أَيَّامٍ فِي ٱلْبَرِّيَّةِ وَنَذْبَحُ لِلرَّبِّ إِلَهِنَا، لِئَلَّا يُصِيبَنَا بِٱلْوَبَإِ أَوْ بِٱلسَّيْفِ». ٣ 3
They said, “The God of the Hebrews has met with us. Let us go on a three-day journey into the wilderness and sacrifice to Yahweh our God so that he does not attack us with plague or with the sword.”
فَقَالَ لَهُمَا مَلِكُ مِصْرَ: «لِمَاذَا يَا مُوسَى وَهَارُونُ تُبَطِّلَانِ ٱلشَّعْبَ مِنْ أَعْمَالِهِ؟ اِذْهَبَا إِلَى أَثْقَالِكُمَا». ٤ 4
But the king of Egypt said to them, “Moses and Aaron, why are you taking the people from their work? Go back to your work.”
وَقَالَ فِرْعَوْنُ: «هُوَذَا ٱلْآنَ شَعْبُ ٱلْأَرْضِ كَثِيرٌ وَأَنْتُمَا تُرِيحَانِهِمْ مِنْ أَثْقَالِهِمْ». ٥ 5
He also said, “There are now many people in our land, and you are making them stop their work.”
فَأَمَرَ فِرْعَوْنُ فِي ذَلِكَ ٱلْيَوْمِ مُسَخِّرِي ٱلشَّعْبِ وَمُدَبِّرِيهِ قَائِلًا: ٦ 6
On that same day, Pharaoh gave a command to the people's taskmasters and foremen. He said,
«لَا تَعُودُوا تُعْطُونَ ٱلشَّعْبَ تِبْنًا لِصُنْعِ ٱللِّبْنِ كَأَمْسِ وَأَوَّلَ مِنْ أَمْسِ. لِيَذْهَبُوا هُمْ وَيَجْمَعُوا تِبْنًا لِأَنْفُسِهِمْ. ٧ 7
“Unlike before, you must no longer give the people straw to make bricks. Let them go and gather straw for themselves.
وَمِقْدَارَ ٱللِّبْنِ ٱلَّذِي كَانُوا يَصْنَعُونَهُ أَمْسِ، وَأَوَّلَ مِنْ أَمْسِ تَجْعَلُونَ عَلَيْهِمْ. لَا تَنْقُصُوا مِنْهُ، فَإِنَّهُمْ مُتَكَاسِلُونَ، لِذَلِكَ يَصْرُخُونَ قَائِلِينَ: نَذْهَبُ وَنَذْبَحُ لِإِلَهِنَا. ٨ 8
However, you must still demand from them the same number of bricks as they made before. Do not accept any fewer, because they are lazy. That is why they are calling out and saying, 'Allow us to go and sacrifice to our God.'
لِيُثَقَّلِ ٱلْعَمَلُ عَلَى ٱلْقَوْمِ حَتَّى يَشْتَغِلُوا بِهِ وَلَا يَلْتَفِتُوا إِلَى كَلَامِ ٱلْكَذِبِ». ٩ 9
Increase the workload for the men so that they keep at it and pay no more attention to deceptive words.”
فَخَرَجَ مُسَخِّرُو ٱلشَّعْبِ وَمُدَبِّرُوهُ وَكَلَّمُوا ٱلشَّعْبَ، قَائِلِينَ: «هَكَذَا يَقُولُ فِرْعَوْنُ: لَسْتُ أُعْطِيكُمْ تِبْنًا. ١٠ 10
So the people's taskmasters and foremen went out and informed the people. They said, “This is what Pharaoh says: 'I will no longer give you any straw.
ٱذْهَبُوا أَنْتُمْ وَخُذُوا لِأَنْفُسِكُمْ تِبْنًا مِنْ حَيْثُ تَجِدُونَ. إِنَّهُ لَا يُنْقَصُ مِنْ عَمَلِكُمْ شَيْءٌ». ١١ 11
You yourselves must go and get straw wherever you can find it, but your workload will not be reduced.'”
فَتَفَرَّقَ ٱلشَّعْبُ فِي كُلِّ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ لِيَجْمَعُوا قَشًّا عِوَضًا عَنِ ٱلتِّبْنِ. ١٢ 12
So the people scattered throughout all the land of Egypt to gather stubble for straw.
وَكَانَ ٱلْمُسَخِّرُونَ يُعَجِّلُونَهُمْ قَائِلِينَ: «كَمِّلُوا أَعْمَالَكُمْ، أَمْرَ كُلِّ يَوْمٍ بِيَوْمِهِ، كَمَا كَانَ حِينَمَا كَانَ ٱلتِّبْنُ». ١٣ 13
The taskmasters kept urging them and saying, “Finish your work, just as when straw was given to you.”
فَضُرِبَ مُدَبِّرُو بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ ٱلَّذِينَ أَقَامَهُمْ عَلَيْهِمْ مُسَخِّرُو فِرْعَوْنَ، وَقِيلَ لَهُمْ: «لِمَاذَا لَمْ تُكَمِّلُوا فَرِيضَتَكُمْ مِنْ صُنْعِ ٱللِّبْنِ أَمْسِ وَٱلْيَوْمَ كَٱلْأَمْسِ وَأَوَّلَ مِنْ أَمْسِ؟». ١٤ 14
Pharaoh's taskmasters beat the Israelite foremen, those same men whom they had put in charge of the workers. The taskmasters kept asking them, “Why have you not produced all the bricks required of you, either yesterday and today, as you used to do in the past?”
فَأَتَى مُدَبِّرُو بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَصَرَخُوا إِلَى فِرْعَوْنَ قَائِلِينَ: «لِمَاذَا تَفْعَلُ هَكَذَا بِعَبِيدِكَ؟ ١٥ 15
So the Israelite foremen came to Pharaoh and cried out to him. They said, “Why are you treating your servants this way?
اَلتِّبْنُ لَيْسَ يُعْطَى لِعَبِيدِكَ، وَٱللِّبْنُ يَقُولُونَ لَنَا: ٱصْنَعُوهُ! وَهُوَذَا عَبِيدُكَ مَضْرُوبُونَ، وَقَدْ أَخْطَأَ شَعْبُكَ». ١٦ 16
No straw is being given to your servants anymore, but they are still telling us, 'Make bricks!' We, your servants, are even beaten now, but it is the fault of your own people.”
فَقَالَ: «مُتَكَاسِلُونَ أَنْتُمْ، مُتَكَاسِلُونَ! لِذَلِكَ تَقُولُونَ: نَذْهَبُ وَنَذْبَحُ لِلرَّبِّ. ١٧ 17
But Pharaoh said, “You are lazy! You are lazy! You say, 'Allow us to go sacrifice to Yahweh.'
فَٱلْآنَ ٱذْهَبُوا ٱعْمَلُوا. وَتِبْنٌ لَا يُعْطَى لَكُمْ وَمِقْدَارَ ٱللِّبْنِ تُقَدِّمُونَهُ». ١٨ 18
So now go back to work. No more straw will be given to you, but you must still make the same number of bricks.”
فَرَأَى مُدَبِّرُو بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَنْفُسَهُمْ فِي بَلِيَّةٍ إِذْ قِيلَ لَهُمْ لَا تُنَقِّصُوا مِنْ لِبْنِكُمْ أَمْرَ كُلِّ يَوْمٍ بِيَوْمِهِ. ١٩ 19
The Israelite foremen saw that they were in trouble when they were told, “You must not reduce the daily number of bricks.”
وَصَادَفُوا مُوسَى وَهَارُونَ وَاقِفَيْنِ لِلِقَائِهِمْ حِينَ خَرَجُوا مِنْ لَدُنْ فِرْعَوْنَ. ٢٠ 20
They met Moses and Aaron, who were standing outside the palace, as they went away from Pharaoh.
فَقَالُوا لَهُمَا: «يَنْظُرُ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَيْكُمَا وَيَقْضِي، لِأَنَّكُمَا أَنْتَنْتُمَا رَائِحَتَنَا فِي عَيْنَيْ فِرْعَوْنَ وَفِي عُيُونِ عَبِيدِهِ حَتَّى تُعْطِيَا سَيْفًا فِي أَيْدِيهِمْ لِيَقْتُلُونَا». ٢١ 21
They said to Moses and Aaron, “May Yahweh look at you and punish you, because you have made us offensive in the sight of Pharaoh and his servants. You have put a sword in their hand to kill us.”
فَرَجَعَ مُوسَى إِلَى ٱلرَّبِّ وَقَالَ: «يَا سَيِّدُ، لِمَاذَا أَسَأْتَ إِلَى هَذَا ٱلشَّعْبِ؟ لِمَاذَا أَرْسَلْتَنِي؟ ٢٢ 22
Moses went back to Yahweh and said, “Lord, why have you caused trouble for this people? Why did you send me in the first place?
فَإِنَّهُ مُنْذُ دَخَلْتُ إِلَى فِرْعَوْنَ لِأَتَكَلَّمَ بِٱسْمِكَ، أَسَاءَ إِلَى هَذَا ٱلشَّعْبِ. وَأَنْتَ لَمْ تُخَلِّصْ شَعْبَكَ». ٢٣ 23
Ever since I came to Pharaoh to speak to him in your name, he has caused trouble for this people, and you have not set your people free at all.”