اَلْخُرُوجُ 12

وَكَلَّمَ ٱلرَّبُّ مُوسَى وَهَارُونَ فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ قَائِلًا: ١ 1
Yahweh spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt. He said,
«هَذَا ٱلشَّهْرُ يَكُونُ لَكُمْ رَأْسَ ٱلشُّهُورِ. هُوَ لَكُمْ أَوَّلُ شُهُورِ ٱلسَّنَةِ. ٢ 2
“For you, this month will be the start of months, the first month of the year to you.
كَلِّمَا كُلَّ جَمَاعَةِ إِسْرَائِيلَ قَائِلَيْنِ: فِي ٱلْعَاشِرِ مِنْ هَذَا ٱلشَّهْرِ يَأْخُذُونَ لَهُمْ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ شَاةً بِحَسَبِ بُيُوتِ ٱلْآبَاءِ، شَاةً لِلْبَيْتِ. ٣ 3
Tell the assembly of Israel, 'On the tenth day of this month they must each take a lamb or young goat for themselves, each family doing this, a lamb for each household.
وَإِنْ كَانَ ٱلْبَيْتُ صَغِيرًا عَنْ أَنْ يَكُونَ كُفْوًا لِشَاةٍ، يَأْخُذُ هُوَ وَجَارُهُ ٱلْقَرِيبُ مِنْ بَيْتِهِ بِحَسَبِ عَدَدِ ٱلنُّفُوسِ. كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ عَلَى حَسَبِ أُكْلِهِ تَحْسُبُونَ لِلشَّاةِ. ٤ 4
If the household is too small for a lamb, the man and his next door neighbor are to take lamb or young goat meat that will be enough for the number of the people. It should be enough for everyone to eat, so they must take enough meat to feed them all.
تَكُونُ لَكُمْ شَاةً صَحِيحَةً ذَكَرًا ٱبْنَ سَنَةٍ، تَأْخُذُونَهُ مِنَ ٱلْخِرْفَانِ أَوْ مِنَ ٱلْمَوَاعِزِ. ٥ 5
Your lamb or young goat must be without blemish, a one-year-old male. You may take one of the sheep or goats.
وَيَكُونُ عِنْدَكُمْ تَحْتَ ٱلْحِفْظِ إِلَى ٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلرَّابِعَ عَشَرَ مِنْ هَذَا ٱلشَّهْرِ. ثُمَّ يَذْبَحُهُ كُلُّ جُمْهُورِ جَمَاعَةِ إِسْرَائِيلَ فِي ٱلْعَشِيَّةِ. ٦ 6
You must keep it until the fourteenth day of that month. Then the whole assembly of Israel must kill these animals at twilight.
وَيَأْخُذُونَ مِنَ ٱلدَّمِ وَيَجْعَلُونَهُ عَلَى ٱلْقَائِمَتَيْنِ وَٱلْعَتَبَةِ ٱلْعُلْيَا فِي ٱلْبُيُوتِ ٱلَّتِي يَأْكُلُونَهُ فِيهَا. ٧ 7
You must take some of the blood and put it on the two side doorposts and on the tops of the doorframes of the houses in which you will eat the meat.
وَيَأْكُلُونَ ٱللَّحْمَ تِلْكَ ٱللَّيْلَةَ مَشْوِيًّا بِٱلنَّارِ مَعَ فَطِيرٍ. عَلَى أَعْشَابٍ مُرَّةٍ يَأْكُلُونَهُ. ٨ 8
You must eat the meat that night, after first roasting it over a fire. Eat it with bread made without yeast, along with bitter herbs.
لَا تَأْكُلُوا مِنْهُ نِيئًا أَوْ طَبِيخًا مَطْبُوخًا بِٱلْمَاءِ، بَلْ مَشْوِيًّا بِٱلنَّارِ. رَأْسَهُ مَعَ أَكَارِعِهِ وَجَوْفِهِ. ٩ 9
Do not eat it raw or boiled in water. Instead, roast it over fire with its head, legs and inner parts.
وَلَا تُبْقُوا مِنْهُ إِلَى ٱلصَّبَاحِ. وَٱلْبَاقِي مِنْهُ إِلَى ٱلصَّبَاحِ، تُحْرِقُونَهُ بِٱلنَّارِ. ١٠ 10
You must not let any of it be left over until morning. You must burn whatever is left over in the morning.
وَهَكَذَا تَأْكُلُونَهُ: أَحْقَاؤُكُمْ مَشْدُودَةٌ، وَأَحْذِيَتُكُمْ فِي أَرْجُلِكُمْ، وَعِصِيُّكُمْ فِي أَيْدِيكُمْ. وَتَأْكُلُونَهُ بِعَجَلَةٍ. هُوَ فِصْحٌ لِلرَّبِّ. ١١ 11
This is how you must eat it: with your belt fastened, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand. You must eat it hurriedly. It is Yahweh's Passover.
فَإِنِّي أَجْتَازُ فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ هَذِهِ ٱللَّيْلَةَ، وَأَضْرِبُ كُلَّ بِكْرٍ فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ مِنَ ٱلنَّاسِ وَٱلْبَهَائِمِ. وَأَصْنَعُ أَحْكَامًا بِكُلِّ آلِهَةِ ٱلْمِصْرِيِّينَ. أَنَا ٱلرَّبُّ. ١٢ 12
Yahweh says this: I will go through the land of Egypt in that night and attack all the firstborn of man and animal in the land of Egypt. I will bring punishment on all the gods of Egypt. I am Yahweh.
وَيَكُونُ لَكُمُ ٱلدَّمُ عَلَامَةً عَلَى ٱلْبُيُوتِ ٱلَّتِي أَنْتُمْ فِيهَا، فَأَرَى ٱلدَّمَ وَأَعْبُرُ عَنْكُمْ، فَلَا يَكُونُ عَلَيْكُمْ ضَرْبَةٌ لِلْهَلَاكِ حِينَ أَضْرِبُ أَرْضَ مِصْرَ. ١٣ 13
The blood will be a sign on your houses for my coming to you. When I see the blood, I will pass over you when I attack the land of Egypt. This plague will not come on you and destroy you.
وَيَكُونُ لَكُمْ هَذَا ٱلْيَوْمُ تَذْكَارًا فَتُعَيِّدُونَهُ عِيدًا لِلرَّبِّ. فِي أَجْيَالِكُمْ تُعَيِّدُونَهُ فَرِيضَةً أَبَدِيَّةً. ١٤ 14
This day will become a memorial day for you, which you must observe as a festival for Yahweh. It will always be a law for you, throughout your people's generations, that you must observe this day.
«سَبْعَةَ أَيَّامٍ تَأْكُلُونَ فَطِيرًا. ٱلْيَوْمَ ٱلْأَوَّلَ تَعْزِلُونَ ٱلْخَمِيرَ مِنْ بُيُوتِكُمْ، فَإِنَّ كُلَّ مَنْ أَكَلَ خَمِيرًا مِنَ ٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلْأَوَّلِ إِلَى ٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلسَّابِعِ تُقْطَعُ تِلْكَ ٱلنَّفْسُ مِنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ. ١٥ 15
You will eat bread without yeast during seven days. On the first day you will remove the yeast from your houses. Whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that person must be cut off from Israel.
وَيَكُونُ لَكُمْ فِي ٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلْأَوَّلِ مَحْفَلٌ مُقَدَّسٌ، وَفِي ٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلسَّابِعِ مَحْفَلٌ مُقَدَّسٌ. لَا يُعْمَلُ فِيهِمَا عَمَلٌ مَا إِلَّا مَا تَأْكُلُهُ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ، فَذَلِكَ وَحْدَهُ يُعْمَلُ مِنْكُمْ. ١٦ 16
On the first day there will be an assembly that is set apart to me, and on the seventh day there will be another such gathering. No work will be done on these days, except the cooking for everyone to eat. That must be the only work that may be done by you.
وَتَحْفَظُونَ ٱلْفَطِيرَ لِأَنِّي فِي هَذَا ٱلْيَوْمِ عَيْنِهِ أَخْرَجْتُ أَجْنَادَكُمْ مِنْ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ، فَتَحْفَظُونَ هَذَا ٱلْيَوْمَ فِي أَجْيَالِكُمْ فَرِيضَةً أَبَدِيَّةً. ١٧ 17
You must observe this Festival of Unleavened Bread because it is on this day that I will have brought your people, armed group by armed group, out of the land of Egypt. So you must observe this day throughout your people's generations. This will always be a law for you.
فِي ٱلشَّهْرِ ٱلْأَوَّلِ، فِي ٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلرَّابِعَ عَشَرَ مِنَ ٱلشَّهْرِ، مَسَاءً، تَأْكُلُونَ فَطِيرًا إِلَى ٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلْحَادِي وَٱلْعِشْرِينَ مِنَ ٱلشَّهْرِ مَسَاءً. ١٨ 18
You must eat unleavened bread from twilight of the fourteenth day in the first month of the year, until twilight of the twenty-first day of the month.
سَبْعَةَ أَيَّامٍ لَا يُوجَدْ خَمِيرٌ فِي بُيُوتِكُمْ. فَإِنَّ كُلَّ مَنْ أَكَلَ مُخْتَمِرًا تُقْطَعُ تِلْكَ ٱلنَّفْسُ مِنْ جَمَاعَةِ إِسْرَائِيلَ، ٱلْغَرِيبُ مَعَ مَوْلُودِ ٱلْأَرْضِ. ١٩ 19
During these seven days, no yeast must be found in your houses. Whoever eats bread made with yeast must be cut off from the community of Israel, whether that person is a foreigner or someone born in your land.
لَا تَأْكُلُوا شَيْئًا مُخْتَمِرًا. فِي جَمِيعِ مَسَاكِنِكُمْ تَأْكُلُونَ فَطِيرًا». ٢٠ 20
You must eat nothing made with yeast. Wherever you live, you must eat bread made without yeast.'”
فَدَعَا مُوسَى جَمِيعَ شُيُوخِ إِسْرَائِيلَ وَقَالَ لَهُمُ: «ٱسْحَبُوا وَخُذُوا لَكُمْ غَنَمًا بِحَسَبِ عَشَائِرِكُمْ وَٱذْبَحُوا ٱلْفِصْحَ. ٢١ 21
Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Go and select lambs or kids that will be enough to feed your families and kill the Passover lamb.
وَخُذُوا بَاقَةَ زُوفَا وَٱغْمِسُوهَا فِي ٱلدَّمِ ٱلَّذِي فِي ٱلطَّسْتِ وَمُسُّوا ٱلْعَتَبَةَ ٱلْعُلْيَا وَٱلْقَائِمَتَيْنِ بِٱلدَّمِ ٱلَّذِي فِي ٱلطَّسْتِ. وَأَنْتُمْ لَا يَخْرُجْ أَحَدٌ مِنْكُمْ مِنْ بَابِ بَيْتِهِ حَتَّى ٱلصَّبَاحِ، ٢٢ 22
Then take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood that will be in a basin. Apply the blood in the basin to the top of the doorframe and the two doorposts. None of you is to go out of the door of his house until the morning.
فَإِنَّ ٱلرَّبَّ يَجْتَازُ لِيَضْرِبَ ٱلْمِصْرِيِّينَ. فَحِينَ يَرَى ٱلدَّمَ عَلَى ٱلْعَتَبَةِ ٱلْعُلْيَا وَٱلْقَائِمَتَيْنِ يَعْبُرُ ٱلرَّبُّ عَنِ ٱلْبَابِ وَلَا يَدَعُ ٱلْمُهْلِكَ يَدْخُلُ بُيُوتَكُمْ لِيَضْرِبَ. ٢٣ 23
For Yahweh will pass through to attack the Egyptians. When he sees the blood on the top of the doorframe and on the two doorposts, he will pass over your door and not permit the destroyer to come into your houses to attack you.
فَتَحْفَظُونَ هَذَا ٱلْأَمْرَ فَرِيضَةً لَكَ وَلِأَوْلَادِكَ إِلَى ٱلْأَبَدِ. ٢٤ 24
You must observe this event. This will always be a law for you and your descendants.
وَيَكُونُ حِينَ تَدْخُلُونَ ٱلْأَرْضَ ٱلَّتِي يُعْطِيكُمُ ٱلرَّبُّ كَمَا تَكَلَّمَ، أَنَّكُمْ تَحْفَظُونَ هَذِهِ ٱلْخِدْمَةَ. ٢٥ 25
When you enter the land that Yahweh will give you, just as he has promised to do, you must observe this act of worship.
وَيَكُونُ حِينَ يَقُولُ لَكُمْ أَوْلَادُكُمْ: مَا هَذِهِ ٱلْخِدْمَةُ لَكُمْ؟ ٢٦ 26
When your children ask you, 'What does this act of worship mean?'
أَنَّكُمْ تَقُولُونَ: هِيَ ذَبِيحَةُ فِصْحٍ لِلرَّبِّ ٱلَّذِي عَبَرَ عَنْ بُيُوتِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ فِي مِصْرَ لَمَّا ضَرَبَ ٱلْمِصْرِيِّينَ وَخَلَّصَ بُيُوتَنَا». فَخَرَّ ٱلشَّعْبُ وَسَجَدُوا. ٢٧ 27
then you must say, 'It is the sacrifice of Yahweh's Passover, because Yahweh passed over the Israelites' houses in Egypt when he attacked the Egyptians. He set our households free.'” Then the people bowed down and worshiped Yahweh.
وَمَضَى بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ وَفَعَلُوا كَمَا أَمَرَ ٱلرَّبُّ مُوسَى وَهَارُونَ. هَكَذَا فَعَلُوا. ٢٨ 28
The Israelites went and did exactly as Yahweh had commanded Moses and Aaron.
فَحَدَثَ فِي نِصْفِ ٱللَّيْلِ أَنَّ ٱلرَّبَّ ضَرَبَ كُلَّ بِكْرٍ فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ، مِنْ بِكْرِ فِرْعَوْنَ ٱلْجَالِسِ عَلَى كُرْسِيِّهِ إِلَى بِكْرِ ٱلْأَسِيرِ ٱلَّذِي فِي ٱلسِّجْنِ، وَكُلَّ بِكْرِ بَهِيمَةٍ. ٢٩ 29
It happened at midnight that Yahweh attacked all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh, who sat on his throne, to the firstborn of the person in prison and all the firstborn of cattle.
فَقَامَ فِرْعَوْنُ لَيْلًا هُوَ وَكُلُّ عَبِيدِهِ وَجَمِيعُ ٱلْمِصْرِيِّينَ. وَكَانَ صُرَاخٌ عَظِيمٌ فِي مِصْرَ، لِأَنَّهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ بَيْتٌ لَيْسَ فِيهِ مَيْتٌ. ٣٠ 30
Pharaoh got up in the night—he, all his servants, and all the Egyptians. There was loud lamenting in Egypt, for there was not a house where there was not someone dead.
فَدَعَا مُوسَى وَهَارُونَ لَيْلًا وَقَالَ: «قُومُوا ٱخْرُجُوا مِنْ بَيْنِ شَعْبِي أَنْتُمَا وَبَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ جَمِيعًا، وَٱذْهَبُوا ٱعْبُدُوا ٱلرَّبَّ كَمَا تَكَلَّمْتُمْ. ٣١ 31
Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron in the night and said, “Get up, get out from among my people, you and the Israelites. Go, worship Yahweh, as you have said you wanted to do.
خُذُوا غَنَمَكُمْ أَيْضًا وَبَقَرَكُمْ كَمَا تَكَلَّمْتُمْ وَٱذْهَبُوا. وَبَارِكُونِي أَيْضًا». ٣٢ 32
Take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and go, and also bless me.”
وَأَلَحَّ ٱلْمِصْرِيُّونَ عَلَى ٱلشَّعْبِ لِيُطْلِقُوهُمْ عَاجِلًا مِنَ ٱلْأَرْضِ، لِأَنَّهُمْ قَالُوا: «جَمِيعُنَا أَمْوَاتٌ». ٣٣ 33
The Egyptians were in a great hurry to send them out of the land, for they said, “We will all die.”
فَحَمَلَ ٱلشَّعْبُ عَجِينَهُمْ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَخْتَمِرَ، وَمَعَاجِنُهُمْ مَصْرُورَةٌ فِي ثِيَابِهِمْ عَلَى أَكْتَافِهِمْ. ٣٤ 34
So the people took their dough without adding any yeast. Their kneading bowls were already tied up in their clothes and on their shoulders.
وَفَعَلَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ بِحَسَبِ قَوْلِ مُوسَى. طَلَبُوا مِنَ ٱلْمِصْرِيِّينَ أَمْتِعَةَ فِضَّةٍ وَأَمْتِعَةَ ذَهَبٍ وَثِيَابًا. ٣٥ 35
Now the people of Israel did as Moses told them. They asked the Egyptians for articles of silver, articles of gold, and clothing.
وَأَعْطَى ٱلرَّبُّ نِعْمَةً لِلشَّعْبِ فِي عُيُونِ ٱلْمِصْرِيِّينَ حَتَّى أَعَارُوهُمْ. فَسَلَبُوا ٱلْمِصْرِيِّينَ. ٣٦ 36
Yahweh made the Egyptians eager to please the Israelites. So the Egyptians gave them whatever they asked for. In this way, the Israelites plundered the Egyptians.
فَٱرْتَحَلَ بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ مِنْ رَعَمْسِيسَ إِلَى سُكُّوتَ، نَحْوَ سِتِّ مِئَةِ أَلْفِ مَاشٍ مِنَ ٱلرِّجَالِ عَدَا ٱلْأَوْلَادِ. ٣٧ 37
The Israelites journeyed from Rameses to Succoth. They numbered about 600,000 men on foot, in addition to the women and children.
وَصَعِدَ مَعَهُمْ لَفِيفٌ كَثِيرٌ أَيْضًا مَعَ غَنَمٍ وَبَقَرٍ، مَوَاشٍ وَافِرَةٍ جِدًّا. ٣٨ 38
A mixed multitude also went with them, together with flocks and herds, a very large number of livestock.
وَخَبَزُوا ٱلْعَجِينَ ٱلَّذِي أَخْرَجُوهُ مِنْ مِصْرَ خُبْزَ مَلَّةٍ فَطِيرًا، إِذْ كَانَ لَمْ يَخْتَمِرْ. لِأَنَّهُمْ طُرِدُوا مِنْ مِصْرَ وَلَمْ يَقْدِرُوا أَنْ يَتَأَخَّرُوا، فَلَمْ يَصْنَعُوا لِأَنْفُسِهِمْ زَادًا. ٣٩ 39
They baked bread without yeast in the dough that they brought from Egypt. It was without yeast because they had been driven out of Egypt and could not delay to prepare food.
وَأَمَّا إِقَامَةُ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ ٱلَّتِي أَقَامُوهَا فِي مِصْرَ فَكَانَتْ أَرْبَعَ مِئَةٍ وَثَلَاثِينَ سَنَةً. ٤٠ 40
The Israelites had lived in Egypt for 430 years.
وَكَانَ عِنْدَ نِهَايَةِ أَرْبَعِ مِئَةٍ وَثَلَاثِينَ سَنَةً، فِي ذَلِكَ ٱلْيَوْمِ عَيْنِهِ، أَنَّ جَمِيعَ أَجْنَادِ ٱلرَّبِّ خَرَجَتْ مِنْ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ. ٤١ 41
At the end of 430 years, on that very day, all of Yahweh's armed groups went out from the land of Egypt.
هِيَ لَيْلَةٌ تُحْفَظُ لِلرَّبِّ لِإِخْرَاجِهِ إِيَّاهُمْ مِنْ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ. هَذِهِ ٱللَّيْلَةُ هِيَ لِلرَّبِّ. تُحْفَظُ مِنْ جَمِيعِ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ فِي أَجْيَالِهِمْ. ٤٢ 42
This was a night to stay awake, for Yahweh to bring them out from the land of Egypt. This was Yahweh's night to be observed by all the Israelites throughout their people's generations.
وَقَالَ ٱلرَّبُّ لِمُوسَى وَهَارُونَ: «هَذِهِ فَرِيضَةُ ٱلْفِصْحِ: كُلُّ ٱبْنِ غَرِيبٍ لَا يَأْكُلُ مِنْهُ. ٤٣ 43
Yahweh said to Moses and Aaron, “Here is the rule for the Passover: No foreigner may share in eating it.
وَلَكِنْ كُلُّ عَبْدِ رَجُلٍ مُبْتَاعٍ بِفِضَّةٍ تَخْتِنُهُ ثُمَّ يَأْكُلُ مِنْهُ. ٤٤ 44
However, every Israelite's slave, bought with money, may eat it after you have circumcised him.
ٱلنَّزِيلُ وَٱلْأَجِيرُ لَا يَأْكُلَانِ مِنْهُ. ٤٥ 45
Foreigners and hired servants must not eat any of the food.
فِي بَيْتٍ وَاحِدٍ يُؤْكَلُ. لَا تُخْرِجْ مِنَ ٱللَّحْمِ مِنَ ٱلْبَيْتِ إِلَى خَارِجٍ، وَعَظْمًا لَا تَكْسِرُوا مِنْهُ. ٤٦ 46
The food must be eaten in one house. You must not carry any of the meat out of the house, and you must not break any bone of it.
كُلُّ جَمَاعَةِ إِسْرَائِيلَ يَصْنَعُونَهُ. ٤٧ 47
All the community of Israel must observe the festival.
وَإِذَا نَزَلَ عِنْدَكَ نَزِيلٌ وَصَنَعَ فِصْحًا لِلرَّبِّ، فَلْيُخْتَنْ مِنْهُ كُلُّ ذَكَرٍ، ثُمَّ يَتَقَدَّمُ لِيَصْنَعَهُ، فَيَكُونُ كَمَوْلُودِ ٱلْأَرْضِ. وَأَمَّا كُلُّ أَغْلَفَ فَلَا يَأْكُلُ مِنْهُ. ٤٨ 48
If a foreigner lives with you and wants to observe the Passover to Yahweh, all his male relatives must be circumcised. Then he may come and observe it. He will become like the people who were born in the land. However, no uncircumcised person may eat any of the food.
تَكُونُ شَرِيعَةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ لِمَوْلُودِ ٱلْأَرْضِ وَلِلنَّزِيلِ ٱلنَّازِلِ بَيْنَكُمْ». ٤٩ 49
This same law will apply to both the native born and to the foreigner who lives among you.”
فَفَعَلَ جَمِيعُ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ كَمَا أَمَرَ ٱلرَّبُّ مُوسَى وَهَارُونَ. هَكَذَا فَعَلُوا. ٥٠ 50
So all the Israelites did exactly as Yahweh had commanded Moses and Aaron.
وَكَانَ فِي ذَلِكَ ٱلْيَوْمِ عَيْنِهِ أَنَّ ٱلرَّبَّ أَخْرَجَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ مِنْ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ بِحَسَبِ أَجْنَادِهِمْ. ٥١ 51
It came about that very day that Yahweh brought Israel out of the land of Egypt by their armed groups.