اَلْخُرُوجُ 1

وَهَذِهِ أَسْمَاءُ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ ٱلَّذِينَ جَاءُوا إِلَى مِصْرَ. مَعَ يَعْقُوبَ جَاءَ كُلُّ إِنْسَانٍ وَبَيْتُهُ: ١ 1
These are the names of the sons of Israel who came into Egypt with Jacob, each with his household:
رَأُوبَيْنُ وَشِمْعُونُ وَلَاوِي وَيَهُوذَا ٢ 2
Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah,
وَيَسَّاكَرُ وَزَبُولُونُ وَبَنْيَامِينُ ٣ 3
Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin,
وَدَانُ وَنَفْتَالِي وَجَادُ وَأَشِيرُ. ٤ 4
Dan, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.
وَكَانَتْ جَمِيعُ نُفُوسِ ٱلْخَارِجِينَ مِنْ صُلْبِ يَعْقُوبَ سَبْعِينَ نَفْسًا. وَلَكِنْ يُوسُفُ كَانَ فِي مِصْرَ. ٥ 5
All the people who were descendants of Jacob were seventy in number. Joseph was already in Egypt.
وَمَاتَ يُوسُفُ وَكُلُّ إِخْوَتِهِ وَجَمِيعُ ذَلِكَ ٱلْجِيلِ. ٦ 6
Then Joseph, all his brothers, and all that generation died.
وَأَمَّا بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ فَأَثْمَرُوا وَتَوَالَدُوا وَنَمَوْا وَكَثُرُوا كَثِيرًا جِدًّا، وَٱمْتَلَأَتِ ٱلْأَرْضُ مِنْهُمْ. ٧ 7
The Israelites were fruitful, increased greatly in numbers, and became very strong; the land was filled with them.
ثُمَّ قَامَ مَلِكٌ جَدِيدٌ عَلَى مِصْرَ لَمْ يَكُنْ يَعْرِفُ يُوسُفَ. ٨ 8
Now then a new king arose over Egypt, one who did not know about Joseph.
فَقَالَ لِشَعْبِهِ: «هُوَذَا بَنُو إِسْرَائِيلَ شَعْبٌ أَكْثَرُ وَأَعْظَمُ مِنَّا. ٩ 9
He said to his people, “Look, the Israelites are more numerous and stronger than we are.
هَلُمَّ نَحْتَالُ لَهُمْ لِئَلَّا يَنْمُوا، فَيَكُونَ إِذَا حَدَثَتْ حَرْبٌ أَنَّهُمْ يَنْضَمُّونَ إِلَى أَعْدَائِنَا وَيُحَارِبُونَنَا وَيَصْعَدُونَ مِنَ ٱلْأَرْضِ». ١٠ 10
Come, let us deal with them wisely, otherwise they will continue to grow in numbers, and if war breaks out, they will join our enemies, fight against us, and leave the land.”
فَجَعَلُوا عَلَيْهِمْ رُؤَسَاءَ تَسْخِيرٍ لِكَيْ يُذِلُّوهُمْ بِأَثْقَالِهِمْ، فَبَنَوْا لِفِرْعَوْنَ مَدِينَتَيْ مَخَازِنَ: فِيثُومَ، وَرَعَمْسِيسَ. ١١ 11
So they put taskmasters over them to oppress them with hard labor. The Israelites built store cities for Pharaoh: Pithom and Rameses.
وَلَكِنْ بِحَسْبِمَا أَذَلُّوهُمْ هَكَذَا نَمَوْا وَٱمْتَدُّوا. فَٱخْتَشَوْا مِنْ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ. ١٢ 12
But the more the Egyptians oppressed them, the more the Israelites increased in numbers and spread. So the Egyptians began to dread the Israelites.
فَٱسْتَعْبَدَ ٱلْمِصْرِيُّونَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ بِعُنْفٍ، ١٣ 13
The Egyptians made the Israelites work rigorously.
وَمَرَّرُوا حَيَاتَهُمْ بِعُبُودِيَّةٍ قَاسِيَةٍ فِي ٱلطِّينِ وَٱللِّبْنِ وَفِي كُلِّ عَمَلٍ فِي ٱلْحَقْلِ. كُلِّ عَمَلِهِمِ ٱلَّذِي عَمِلُوهُ بِوَاسِطَتِهِمْ عُنْفًا. ١٤ 14
They made their lives bitter with hard service with mortar and brick, and with all kinds of work in the fields. All their required work was hard.
وَكَلَّمَ مَلِكُ مِصْرَ قَابِلَتَيِ ٱلْعِبْرَانِيَّاتِ ٱللَّتَيْنِ ٱسْمُ إِحْدَاهُمَا شِفْرَةُ وَٱسْمُ ٱلْأُخْرَى فُوعَةُ، ١٥ 15
Then the king of Egypt spoke to the Hebrew midwives; the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the other Puah.
وَقَالَ: «حِينَمَا تُوَلِّدَانِ ٱلْعِبْرَانِيَّاتِ وَتَنْظُرَانِهِنَّ عَلَى ٱلْكَرَاسِيِّ، إِنْ كَانَ ٱبْنًا فَٱقْتُلَاهُ، وَإِنْ كَانَ بِنْتًا فَتَحْيَا». ١٦ 16
He said, “When you assist the Hebrew women on the birthstool, observe when they give birth. If it is a son, then you must kill him; but if it is a daughter, then she may live.”
وَلَكِنَّ ٱلْقَابِلَتَيْنِ خَافَتَا ٱللهَ وَلَمْ تَفْعَلَا كَمَا كَلَّمَهُمَا مَلِكُ مِصْرَ، بَلِ ٱسْتَحْيَتَا ٱلْأَوْلَادَ. ١٧ 17
But the midwives feared God and did not do as the king of Egypt ordered them; instead, they let the baby boys live.
فَدَعَا مَلِكُ مِصْرَ ٱلْقَابِلَتَيْنِ وَقَالَ لَهُمَا: «لِمَاذَا فَعَلْتُمَا هَذَا ٱلْأَمْرَ وَٱسْتَحْيَيْتُمَا ٱلْأَوْلَادَ؟» ١٨ 18
The king of Egypt summoned the midwives and said to them, “Why have you done this, and let the baby boys live?”
فَقَالَتِ ٱلْقَابِلَتَانِ لِفِرْعَوْنَ: «إِنَّ ٱلنِّسَاءَ ٱلْعِبْرَانِيَّاتِ لَسْنَ كَٱلْمِصْرِيَّاتِ، فَإِنَّهُنَّ قَوِيَّاتٌ يَلِدْنَ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَأْتِيَهُنَّ ٱلْقَابِلَةُ». ١٩ 19
The midwives answered Pharaoh, “The Hebrew women are not like the Egyptian women. They are vigorous and have finished giving birth before a midwife comes to them.”
فَأَحْسَنَ ٱللهُ إِلَى ٱلْقَابِلَتَيْنِ، وَنَمَا ٱلشَّعْبُ وَكَثُرَ جِدًّا. ٢٠ 20
God protected these midwives. The people increased in numbers and became very strong.
وَكَانَ إِذْ خَافَتِ ٱلْقَابِلَتَانِ ٱللهَ أَنَّهُ صَنَعَ لَهُمَا بُيُوتًا. ٢١ 21
Because the midwives feared God, he gave them families.
ثُمَّ أَمَرَ فِرْعَوْنُ جَمِيعَ شَعْبِهِ قَائِلًا: «كُلُّ ٱبْنٍ يُولَدُ تَطْرَحُونَهُ فِي ٱلنَّهْرِ، لَكِنَّ كُلَّ بِنْتٍ تَسْتَحْيُونَهَا». ٢٢ 22
Pharaoh ordered all his people, “You must throw every son that is born into the river, but every daughter you will let live.”