أَسْتِير 3

بَعْدَ هَذِهِ ٱلْأُمُورِ عَظَّمَ ٱلْمَلِكُ أَحَشْوِيرُوشُ هَامَانَ بْنَ هَمَدَاثَا ٱلْأَجَاجِيَّ وَرَقَّاهُ، وَجَعَلَ كُرْسِيَّهُ فَوْقَ جَمِيعِ ٱلرُّؤَسَاءِ ٱلَّذِينَ مَعَهُ. ١ 1
After these things, King Ahasuerus promoted Haman son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and placed his seat of authority above all the officials who were with him.
فَكَانَ كُلُّ عَبِيدِ ٱلْمَلِكِ ٱلَّذِينَ بِبَابِ ٱلْمَلِكِ يَجْثُونَ وَيَسْجُدُونَ لِهَامَانَ، لِأَنَّهُ هَكَذَا أَوْصَى بِهِ ٱلْمَلِكُ. وَأَمَّا مُرْدَخَايُ فَلَمْ يَجْثُ وَلَمْ يَسْجُدْ. ٢ 2
All the king's servants who were at the king's gate always knelt and prostrated themselves to Haman, as the king had ordered them to do. But Mordecai neither knelt nor prostrated himself.
فَقَالَ عَبِيدُ ٱلْمَلِكِ ٱلَّذِينَ بِبَابِ ٱلْمَلِكِ لِمُرْدَخَايَ: «لِمَاذَا تَتَعَدَّى أَمْرَ ٱلْمَلِكِ؟» ٣ 3
Then the king's servants who were at the king's gate said to Mordecai, “Why do you disobey the king's command?”
وَإِذْ كَانُوا يُكَلِّمُونَهُ يَوْمًا فَيَوْمًا وَلَمْ يَكُنْ يَسْمَعْ لَهُمْ، أَخْبَرُوا هَامَانَ لِيَرَوْا هَلْ يَقُومُ كَلَامُ مُرْدَخَايَ، لِأَنَّهُ أَخْبَرَهُمْ بِأَنَّهُ يَهُودِيٌّ. ٤ 4
They spoke with him day after day, but he refused to comply with their demands. So they spoke with Haman to see if the matter about Mordecai would remain like that, for he had told them that he was a Jew.
وَلَمَّا رَأَى هَامَانُ أَنَّ مُرْدَخَايَ لَا يَجْثُو وَلَا يَسْجُدُ لَهُ، ٱمْتَلَأَ هَامَانُ غَضَبًا. ٥ 5
When Haman saw that Mordecai did not kneel and bow down to him, Haman was filled with rage.
وَٱزْدُرِيَ فِي عَيْنَيْهِ أَنْ يَمُدَّ يَدَهُ إِلَى مُرْدَخَايَ وَحْدَهُ، لِأَنَّهُمْ أَخْبَرُوهُ عَنْ شَعْبِ مُرْدَخَايَ. فَطَلَبَ هَامَانُ أَنْ يُهْلِكَ جَمِيعَ ٱلْيَهُودِ ٱلَّذِينَ فِي كُلِّ مَمْلَكَةِ أَحَشْوِيرُوشَ، شَعْبَ مُرْدَخَايَ. ٦ 6
He had contempt for the idea of killing only Mordecai, for the king's servants had told him who Mordecai's people were. Haman wanted to exterminate all the Jews, the people of Mordecai, who were in the entire kingdom of Ahasuerus.
فِي ٱلشَّهْرِ ٱلْأَوَّلِ، أَيْ شَهْرِ نِيسَانَ، فِي ٱلسَّنَةِ ٱلثَّانِيَةِ عَشَرَةَ لِلْمَلِكِ أَحَشْوِيرُوشَ، كَانُوا يُلْقُونَ فُورًا، أَيْ قُرْعَةً، أَمَامَ هَامَانَ، مِنْ يَوْمٍ إِلَى يَوْمٍ، وَمِنْ شَهْرٍ إِلَى شَهْرٍ، إِلَى ٱلثَّانِي عَشَرَ، أَيْ شَهْرِ أَذَارَ. ٧ 7
In the first month (which is the month of Nisan), in the twelfth year of King Ahasuerus, the Pur—that is the lot—was thrown before Haman, to select a day and month. They cast the lot over and over until the lot fell on the twelfth month (which is the month of Adar).
فَقَالَ هَامَانُ لِلْمَلِكِ أَحَشْوِيرُوشَ: «إِنَّهُ مَوْجُودٌ شَعْبٌ مَّا مُتَشَتِّتٌ وَمُتَفَرِّقٌ بَيْنَ ٱلشُّعُوبِ فِي كُلِّ بِلَادِ مَمْلَكَتِكَ، وَسُنَنُهُمْ مُغَايِرَةٌ لِجَمِيعِ ٱلشُّعُوبِ، وَهُمْ لَا يَعْمَلُونَ سُنَنَ ٱلْمَلِكِ، فَلَا يَلِيقُ بِٱلْمَلِكِ تَرْكُهُمْ. ٨ 8
Then Haman said to King Ahasuerus, “There is a certain people scattered and distributed among all the provinces of your kingdom. Their laws are different from those of other people, and they do not keep the king's laws, so it is not suitable for the king to let them stay.
فَإِذَا حَسُنَ عِنْدَ ٱلْمَلِكِ فَلْيُكْتَبْ أَنْ يُبَادُوا، وَأَنَا أَزِنُ عَشَرَةَ آلَافِ وَزْنَةٍ مِنَ ٱلْفِضَّةِ فِي أَيْدِي ٱلَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ ٱلْعَمَلَ لِيُؤْتَى بِهَا إِلَى خَزَائِنِ ٱلْمَلِكِ». ٩ 9
If it please the king, give a command to kill them, and I will weigh out ten thousand talents of silver into the hands of those who are in charge of the king's business, for them to put it into the king's treasury.”
فَنَزَعَ ٱلْمَلِكُ خَاتَمَهُ مِنْ يَدِهِ وَأَعْطَاهُ لِهَامَانَ بْنِ هَمَدَاثَا ٱلْأَجَاجِيِّ عَدُوِّ ٱلْيَهُودِ. ١٠ 10
Then the king took the signet ring from his hand and gave it to Haman son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the enemy of the Jews.
وَقَالَ ٱلْمَلِكُ لِهَامَانَ: «ٱلْفِضَّةُ قَدْ أُعْطِيَتْ لَكَ، وَٱلشَّعْبُ أَيْضًا، لِتَفْعَلَ بِهِ مَا يَحْسُنُ فِي عَيْنَيْكَ». ١١ 11
The king said to Haman, “I will see that the money is given back to you and your people. You will do with it whatever you wish.”
فَدُعِيَ كُتَّابُ ٱلْمَلِكِ فِي ٱلشَّهْرِ ٱلْأَوَّلِ، فِي ٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلثَّالِثَ عَشَرَ مِنْهُ، وَكُتِبَ حَسَبَ كُلِّ مَا أَمَرَ بِهِ هَامَانُ إِلَى مَرَازِبَةِ ٱلْمَلِكِ وَإِلَى وُلَاةِ بِلَادٍ فَبِلَادٍ، وَإِلَى رُؤَسَاءِ شَعْبٍ فَشَعْبٍ، كُلِّ بِلَادٍ كَكِتَابَتِهَا، وَكُلِّ شَعْبٍ كَلِسَانِهِ، كُتِبَ بِٱسْمِ ٱلْمَلِكِ أَحَشْوِيرُوشَ وَخُتِمَ بِخَاتَمِ ٱلْمَلِكِ. ١٢ 12
Then the king's scribes were summoned on the thirteenth day of the first month, and a decree containing all that Haman had commanded was written to the king's provincial governors, those who were over all the provinces, to the governors of all the various peoples, and to the officials of all the people, to every province in their own writing, and to every people in their own language. It was written in the name of King Ahasuerus and was sealed with his ring.
وَأُرْسِلَتِ ٱلْكِتَابَاتُ بِيَدِ ٱلسُّعَاةِ إِلَى كُلِّ بُلْدَانِ ٱلْمَلِكِ لِإِهْلَاكِ وَقَتْلِ وَإِبَادَةِ جَمِيعِ ٱلْيَهُودِ، مِنَ ٱلْغُلَامِ إِلَى ٱلشَّيْخِ وَٱلْأَطْفَالِ وَٱلنِّسَاءِ فِي يَوْمٍ وَاحِدٍ، فِي ٱلثَّالِثَ عَشَرَ مِنَ ٱلشَّهْرِ ٱلثَّانِي عَشَرَ، أَيْ شَهْرِ أَذَارَ، وَأَنْ يَسْلِبُوا غَنِيمَتَهُمْ. ١٣ 13
Documents were hand-delivered by couriers to all the king's provinces, to annihilate, kill, and destroy all Jews, from young to old, children and women, in one day—on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month (which is the month of Adar)—and to plunder their possessions.
صُورَةُ ٱلْكِتَابَةِ ٱلْمُعْطَاةِ سُنَّةً فِي كُلِّ ٱلْبُلْدَانِ، أُشْهِرَتْ بَيْنَ جَمِيعِ ٱلشُّعُوبِ لِيَكُونُوا مُسْتَعِدِّينَ لِهَذَا ٱلْيَوْمِ. ١٤ 14
A copy of the letter was made law in every province. In every province it was made known to all the people that they should prepare for this day.
فَخَرَجَ ٱلسُّعَاةُ وَأَمْرُ ٱلْمَلِكِ يَحُثُّهُمْ، وَأُعْطِيَ ٱلْأَمْرُ فِي شُوشَنَ ٱلْقَصْرِ. وَجَلَسَ ٱلْمَلِكُ وَهَامَانُ لِلشُّرْبِ، وَأَمَّا ٱلْمَدِينَةُ شُوشَنُ فَٱرْتَبَكَتْ. ١٥ 15
The couriers went out and hurried to distribute the king's order. The decree was also distributed within the fortress of Susa. The king and Haman sat down to drink, but the city of Susa was in turmoil.