اَلتَّثْنِيَة 9

«اِسْمَعْ يَا إِسْرَائِيلُ، أَنْتَ ٱلْيَوْمَ عَابِرٌ ٱلْأُرْدُنَّ لِكَيْ تَدْخُلَ وَتَمْتَلِكَ شُعُوبًا أَكْبَرَ وَأَعْظَمَ مِنْكَ، وَمُدُنًا عَظِيمَةً وَمُحَصَّنَةً إِلَى ٱلسَّمَاءِ. ١ 1
Hear, Israel; you are about to cross over the Jordan today, to go in to dispossess nations greater and mightier than yourself, and cities that are great and fortified up to heaven,
قَوْمًا عِظَامًا وَطِوَالًا، بَنِي عَنَاقَ ٱلَّذِينَ عَرَفْتَهُمْ وَسَمِعْتَ: مَنْ يَقِفُ فِي وَجْهِ بَنِي عَنَاقَ؟ ٢ 2
a people great and tall, the sons of the Anakim, whom you know, and of whom you have heard people say, 'Who can stand before the sons of Anak?'
فَٱعْلَمِ ٱلْيَوْمَ أَنَّ ٱلرَّبَّ إِلَهَكَ هُوَ ٱلْعَابِرُ أَمَامَكَ نَارًا آكِلَةً. هُوَ يُبِيدُهُمْ وَيُذِلُّهُمْ أَمَامَكَ، فَتَطْرُدُهُمْ وَتُهْلِكُهُمْ سَرِيعًا كَمَا كَلَّمَكَ ٱلرَّبُّ. ٣ 3
Know therefore today that Yahweh your God is he who goes over before you like a devouring fire; he will destroy them, and he will subdue them before you; so will you drive them out and make them to perish quickly, as Yahweh has said to you.
لَا تَقُلْ فِي قَلْبِكَ حِينَ يَنْفِيهِمِ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ مِنْ أَمَامِكَ قَائِلًا: لِأَجْلِ بِرِّي أَدْخَلَنِي ٱلرَّبُّ لِأَمْتَلِكَ هَذِهِ ٱلْأَرْضَ. وَلِأَجْلِ إِثْمِ هَؤُلَاءِ ٱلشُّعُوبِ يَطْرُدُهُمُ ٱلرَّبُّ مِنْ أَمَامِكَ. ٤ 4
Do not say in your heart, after Yahweh your God has thrust them out from before you, 'It was because of my righteousness that Yahweh has brought me in to possess this land,' for it was because of the wickedness of these nations that Yahweh is driving them out from before you.
لَيْسَ لِأَجْلِ بِرِّكَ وَعَدَالَةِ قَلْبِكَ تَدْخُلُ لِتَمْتَلِكَ أَرْضَهُمْ، بَلْ لِأَجْلِ إِثْمِ أُولَئِكَ ٱلشُّعُوبِ يَطْرُدُهُمُ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ مِنْ أَمَامِكَ، وَلِكَيْ يَفِيَ بِٱلْكَلَامِ ٱلَّذِي أَقْسَمَ ٱلرَّبُّ عَلَيْهِ لِآبَائِكَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ. ٥ 5
It is not because of your righteousness or the uprightness of your heart that you are going in to possess their land, but it is because of the wickedness of these nations that your God is driving them out from before you, and so that he may make come true the word that he swore to your ancestors, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
فَٱعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ لِأَجْلِ بِرِّكَ يُعْطِيكَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ هَذِهِ ٱلْأَرْضَ ٱلْجَيِّدَةَ لِتَمْتَلِكَهَا، لِأَنَّكَ شَعْبٌ صُلْبُ ٱلرَّقَبَةِ. ٦ 6
Know therefore, that Yahweh your God is not giving you this good land to possess because of your righteousness, for you are a stubborn people.
«اُذْكُرْ. لَا تَنْسَ كَيْفَ أَسْخَطْتَ ٱلرَّبَّ إِلَهَكَ فِي ٱلْبَرِّيَّةِ. مِنَ ٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلَّذِي خَرَجْتَ فِيهِ مِنْ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ حَتَّى أَتَيْتُمْ إِلَى هَذَا ٱلْمَكَانِ كُنْتُمْ تُقَاوِمُونَ ٱلرَّبَّ. ٧ 7
Remember and do not forget how you provoked Yahweh your God to anger in the wilderness; from the day that you left the land of Egypt until you came to this place, you have been rebellious against Yahweh.
حَتَّى فِي حُورِيبَ أَسْخَطْتُمُ ٱلرَّبَّ، فَغَضِبَ ٱلرَّبُّ عَلَيْكُمْ لِيُبِيدَكُمْ. ٨ 8
Also at Horeb you provoked Yahweh to anger, and Yahweh was angry enough with you to destroy you.
حِينَ صَعِدْتُ إِلَى ٱلْجَبَلِ لِكَيْ آخُذَ لَوْحَيِ ٱلْحَجَرِ، لَوْحَيِ ٱلْعَهْدِ ٱلَّذِي قَطَعَهُ ٱلرَّبُّ مَعَكُمْ، أَقَمْتُ فِي ٱلْجَبَلِ أَرْبَعِينَ نَهَارًا وَأَرْبَعِينَ لَيْلَةً لَا آكُلُ خُبْزًا وَلَا أَشْرَبُ مَاءً. ٩ 9
When I went up the mountain to receive the tablets of stone, the tablets of the covenant that Yahweh made with you, I stayed on the mountain for forty days and forty nights; I neither ate bread nor drank water.
وَأَعْطَانِيَ ٱلرَّبُّ لَوْحَيِ ٱلْحَجَرِ ٱلْمَكْتُوبَيْنِ بِأَصَبِعِ ٱللهِ، وَعَلَيْهِمَا مِثْلُ جَمِيعِ ٱلْكَلِمَاتِ ٱلَّتِي كَلَّمَكُمْ بِهَا ٱلرَّبُّ فِي ٱلْجَبَلِ مِنْ وَسَطِ ٱلنَّارِ فِي يَوْمِ ٱلِٱجْتِمَاعِ. ١٠ 10
Yahweh gave to me the two tablets of stone written with his finger; on them was written everything just like all the words that Yahweh announced to you on the mountain out of the middle of the fire on the day of the assembly.
وَفِي نِهَايَةِ ٱلْأَرْبَعِينَ نَهَارًا وَٱلْأَرْبَعِينَ لَيْلَةً، لَمَّا أَعْطَانِيَ ٱلرَّبُّ لَوْحَيِ ٱلْحَجَرِ، لَوْحَيِ ٱلْعَهْدِ، ١١ 11
It happened at the end of those forty days and forty nights that Yahweh gave me the two tablets of stone, the tablets of the covenant.
قَالَ ٱلرَّبُّ لِي: قُمِ ٱنْزِلْ عَاجِلًا مِنْ هُنَا، لِأَنَّهُ قَدْ فَسَدَ شَعْبُكَ ٱلَّذِي أَخْرَجْتَهُ مِنْ مِصْرَ. زَاغُوا سَرِيعًا عَنِ ٱلطَّرِيقِ ٱلَّتِي أَوْصَيْتُهُمْ. صَنَعُوا لِأَنْفُسِهِمْ تِمْثَالًا مَسْبُوكًا. ١٢ 12
Yahweh said to me, 'Arise, go down quickly from here, for your people, whom you brought out of Egypt, have corrupted themselves. They have quickly turned aside out of the path that I commanded them. They have made for themselves a cast figure.'
وَكَلَّمَنِيَ ٱلرَّبُّ قَائِلًا: رَأَيْتُ هَذَا ٱلشَّعْبَ وَإِذَا هُوَ شَعْبٌ صُلْبُ ٱلرَّقَبَةِ. ١٣ 13
Furthermore, Yahweh spoke to me and said, 'I have seen this people; they are a stubborn people.
اُتْرُكْنِي فَأُبِيدَهُمْ وَأَمْحُوَ ٱسْمَهُمْ مِنْ تَحْتِ ٱلسَّمَاءِ، وَأَجْعَلَكَ شَعْبًا أَعْظَمَ وَأَكْثَرَ مِنْهُمْ. ١٤ 14
Let me alone, so that I may destroy them and blot out their name from under heaven, and I will make of you a nation mightier and greater than they.'
فَٱنْصَرَفْتُ وَنَزَلْتُ مِنَ ٱلْجَبَلِ، وَٱلْجَبَلُ يَشْتَعِلُ بِٱلنَّارِ، وَلَوْحَا ٱلْعَهْدِ فِي يَدَيَّ. ١٥ 15
So I turned around and came down the mountain, and the mountain was burning. The two tablets of the covenant were in my hands.
«فَنَظَرْتُ وَإِذَا أَنْتُمْ قَدْ أَخْطَأْتُمْ إِلَى ٱلرَّبِّ إِلَهِكُمْ، وَصَنَعْتُمْ لِأَنْفُسِكُمْ عِجْلًا مَسْبُوكًا، وَزُغْتُمْ سَرِيعًا عَنِ ٱلطَّرِيقِ ٱلَّتِي أَوْصَاكُمْ بِهَا ٱلرَّبُّ. ١٦ 16
I looked, and behold, you had sinned against Yahweh your God. You had molded for yourselves a calf. You had quickly turned aside out of the path that Yahweh had commanded you.
فَأَخَذْتُ ٱللَّوْحَيْنِ وَطَرَحْتُهُمَا مِنْ يَدَيَّ وَكَسَّرْتُهُمَا أَمَامَ أَعْيُنِكُمْ. ١٧ 17
I took the two tablets and threw them out of my hands. I broke them before your eyes.
ثُمَّ سَقَطْتُ أَمَامَ ٱلرَّبِّ كَٱلْأَوَّلِ أَرْبَعِينَ نَهَارًا وَأَرْبَعِينَ لَيْلَةً، لَا آكُلُ خُبْزًا وَلَا أَشْرَبُ مَاءً، مِنْ أَجْلِ كُلِّ خَطَايَاكُمُ ٱلَّتِي أَخْطَأْتُمْ بِهَا بِعَمَلِكُمُ ٱلشَّرَّ أَمَامَ ٱلرَّبِّ لِإِغَاظَتِهِ. ١٨ 18
Again I lay facedown before Yahweh for forty days and forty nights; I neither ate bread nor drank water, because of all your sin that you had committed, in doing that which was evil in the sight of Yahweh, so as to provoke him to anger.
لِأَنِّي فَزِعْتُ مِنَ ٱلْغَضَبِ وَٱلْغَيْظِ ٱلَّذِي سَخِطَهُ ٱلرَّبُّ عَلَيْكُمْ لِيُبِيدَكُمْ. فَسَمِعَ لِيَ ٱلرَّبُّ تِلْكَ ٱلْمَرَّةَ أَيْضًا. ١٩ 19
For I was afraid of the anger and hot displeasure with which Yahweh was angry enough against you to destroy you. But Yahweh listened to me that time also.
وَعَلَى هَارُونَ غَضِبَ ٱلرَّبُّ جِدًّا لِيُبِيدَهُ. فَصَلَّيْتُ أَيْضًا مِنْ أَجْلِ هَارُونَ فِي ذَلِكَ ٱلْوَقْتِ. ٢٠ 20
Yahweh was very angry with Aaron so as to destroy him; I prayed for Aaron also at the same time.
وَأَمَّا خَطِيَّتُكُمُ، ٱلْعِجْلُ ٱلَّذِي صَنَعْتُمُوهُ، فَأَخَذْتُهُ وَأَحْرَقْتُهُ بِٱلنَّارِ، وَرَضَضْتُهُ وَطَحَنْتُهُ جَيِّدًا حَتَّى نَعِمَ كَٱلْغُبَارِ. ثُمَّ طَرَحْتُ غُبَارَهُ فِي ٱلنَّهْرِ ٱلْمُنْحَدِرِ مِنَ ٱلْجَبَلِ. ٢١ 21
I took your sin, the calf that you had made, and burned it, beat it, and ground it very small, until it was as fine as dust. I threw its dust into the stream that came down from the mountain.
«وَفِي تَبْعِيرَةَ وَمَسَّةَ وَقَبَرُوتَ هَتَّأَوَةَ أَسْخَطْتُمُ ٱلرَّبَّ. ٢٢ 22
At Taberah, at Massah, and at Kibroth Hattaavah, you provoked Yahweh to wrath.
وَحِينَ أَرْسَلَكُمُ ٱلرَّبُّ مِنْ قَادَشَ بَرْنِيعَ قَائِلًا: ٱصْعَدُوا ٱمْتَلِكُوا ٱلْأَرْضَ ٱلَّتِي أَعْطَيْتُكُمْ، عَصَيْتُمْ قَوْلَ ٱلرَّبِّ إِلَهِكُمْ وَلَمْ تُصَدِّقُوهُ وَلَمْ تَسْمَعُوا لِقَوْلِهِ. ٢٣ 23
When Yahweh sent you from Kadesh Barnea and said, 'Go up and take possession of the land that I have given you,' then you rebelled against the commandment of Yahweh your God, and you did not believe or listen to his voice.
قَدْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْصُونَ ٱلرَّبَّ مُنْذُ يَوْمَ عَرَفْتُكُمْ. ٢٤ 24
You have been rebellious against Yahweh from the day that I knew you.
«فَسَقَطْتُ أَمَامَ ٱلرَّبِّ ٱلْأَرْبَعِينَ نَهَارًا وَٱلْأَرْبَعِينَ لَيْلَةً ٱلَّتِي سَقَطْتُهَا، لِأَنَّ ٱلرَّبَّ قَالَ إِنَّهُ يُهْلِكُكُمْ. ٢٥ 25
So I lay facedown before Yahweh those forty days and forty nights, because he had said that he would destroy you.
وَصَلَّيْتُ لِلرَّبِّ وَقُلْتُ: يَا سَيِّدُ ٱلرَّبُّ، لَا تُهْلِكْ شَعْبَكَ وَمِيرَاثَكَ ٱلَّذِي فَدَيْتَهُ بِعَظَمَتِكَ، ٱلَّذِي أَخْرَجْتَهُ مِنْ مِصْرَ بِيَدٍ شَدِيدَةٍ. ٢٦ 26
I prayed to Yahweh and said, 'O Lord Yahweh, do not destroy your people or your inheritance whom you have redeemed through your greatness, which you have brought out of Egypt with a mighty hand.
اُذْكُرْ عَبِيدَكَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ. لَا تَلْتَفِتْ إِلَى غَلَاظَةِ هَذَا ٱلشَّعْبِ وَإِثْمِهِ وَخَطِيَّتِهِ، ٢٧ 27
Call to mind your servants Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; do not look at the stubbornness of this people, nor at their wickedness, nor at their sin,
لِئَلَّا تَقُولَ ٱلْأَرْضُ ٱلَّتِي أَخْرَجْتَنَا مِنْهَا: لِأَجْلِ أَنَّ ٱلرَّبَّ لَمْ يَقْدِرْ أَنْ يُدْخِلَهُمُ ٱلْأَرْضَ ٱلَّتِي كَلَّمَهُمْ عَنْهَا، وَلِأَجْلِ أَنَّهُ أَبْغَضَهُمْ، أَخْرَجَهُمْ لِكَيْ يُمِيتَهُمْ فِي ٱلْبَرِّيَّةِ. ٢٨ 28
so that the land from where you brought us should say, “Because Yahweh was not able to bring them into the land that he promised to them, and because he hated them, he has brought them out to kill them in the wilderness.”
وَهُمْ شَعْبُكَ وَمِيرَاثُكَ ٱلَّذِي أَخْرَجْتَهُ بِقُوَّتِكَ ٱلْعَظِيمَةِ وَبِذِرَاعِكَ ٱلرَّفِيعَةِ. ٢٩ 29
Yet they are your people and your inheritance, whom you brought out by your great strength and by the display of your power.'