اَلتَّثْنِيَة 33

وَهَذِهِ هِيَ ٱلْبَرَكَةُ ٱلَّتِي بَارَكَ بِهَا مُوسَى، رَجُلُ ٱللهِ، بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَبْلَ مَوْتِهِ، ١ 1
This is the blessing with which Moses the man of God blessed the people of Israel before his death.
فَقَالَ: «جَاءَ ٱلرَّبُّ مِنْ سِينَاءَ، وَأَشْرَقَ لَهُمْ مِنْ سَعِيرَ، وَتَلَأْلأَ مِنْ جَبَلِ فَارَانَ، وَأَتَى مِنْ رِبْوَاتِ ٱلْقُدْسِ، وَعَنْ يَمِينِهِ نَارُ شَرِيعَةٍ لَهُمْ. ٢ 2
He said: Yahweh came from Sinai and rose from Seir upon them. He shined out from Mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of holy ones. In his right hand were flashes of lightning.
فَأَحَبَّ ٱلشَّعْبَ. جَمِيعُ قِدِّيسِيهِ فِي يَدِكَ، وَهُمْ جَالِسُونَ عِنْدَ قَدَمِكَ يَتَقَبَّلُونَ مِنْ أَقْوَالِكَ. ٣ 3
Indeed, he loves the peoples; all his holy ones are in your hand, and they bowed down at your feet; they received your words.
بِنَامُوسٍ أَوْصَانَا مُوسَى مِيرَاثًا لِجَمَاعَةِ يَعْقُوبَ. ٤ 4
Moses commanded us a law, an inheritance for the assembly of Jacob.
وَكَانَ فِي يَشُورُونَ مَلِكًا حِينَ ٱجْتَمَعَ رُؤَسَاءُ ٱلشَّعْبِ أَسْبَاطُ إِسْرَائِيلَ مَعًا. ٥ 5
Then there was a king in Jeshurun, when the heads of the people had gathered, all the tribes of Israel together.
لِيَحْيَ رَأُوبَيْنُ وَلَا يَمُتْ، وَلَا يَكُنْ رِجَالُهُ قَلِيلِينَ». ٦ 6
Let Reuben live and not die, but may his men be few.
وَهَذِهِ عَنْ يَهُوذَا قَالَ: «ٱسْمَعْ يَا رَبُّ صَوْتَ يَهُوذَا، وَأْتِ بِهِ إِلَى قَوْمِهِ. بِيَدَيْهِ يُقَاتِلُ لِنَفْسِهِ، فَكُنْ عَوْنًا عَلَى أَضْدَادِهِ». ٧ 7
This is the blessing for Judah. Moses said: Listen, Yahweh, to the voice of Judah, and bring him to his people again. Fight for him; be a help against his enemies.
وَلِلَاوِي قَالَ: «تُمِّيمُكَ وَأُورِيمُكَ لِرَجُلِكَ ٱلصِّدِّيقِ، ٱلَّذِي جَرَّبْتَهُ فِي مَسَّةَ وَخَاصَمْتَهُ عِنْدَ مَاءِ مَرِيبَةَ. ٨ 8
About Levi, Moses said: Your Thummim and your Urim belong your loyal one, the one whom you tested at Massah, with whom you struggled at the waters of Meribah.
ٱلَّذِي قَالَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَأُمِّهِ: لَمْ أَرَهُمَا، وَبِإِخْوَتِهِ لَمْ يَعْتَرِفْ، وَأَوْلَادَهُ لَمْ يَعْرِفْ، بَلْ حَفِظُوا كَلَامَكَ وَصَانُوا عَهْدَكَ. ٩ 9
The man who said about his father and mother, “I have not seen them.” Neither did he acknowledge his brothers, nor did he take account of his own children. For he guarded your word and kept your covenant.
يُعَلِّمُونَ يَعْقُوبَ أَحْكَامَكَ، وَإِسْرَائِيلَ نَامُوسَكَ. يَضَعُونَ بَخُورًا فِي أَنْفِكَ، وَمُحْرَقَاتٍ عَلَى مَذْبَحِكَ. ١٠ 10
He teaches Jacob your decrees and Israel your law. He will put incense before you and whole burnt offerings on your altar.
بَارِكْ يَا رَبُّ قُوَّتَهُ، وَٱرْتَضِ بِعَمَلِ يَدَيْهِ. ٱحْطِمْ مُتُونَ مُقَاوِمِيهِ وَمُبْغِضِيهِ حَتَّى لَا يَقُومُوا». ١١ 11
Bless, Yahweh, his possessions, and accept the work of his hands. Shatter the loins of those who rise up against him, and those of the people who hate him, so that they do not rise up again.
وَلِبَنْيَامِينَ قَالَ: «حَبِيبُ ٱلرَّبِّ يَسْكُنُ لَدَيْهِ آمِنًا. يَسْتُرُهُ طُولَ ٱلنَّهَارِ، وَبَيْنَ مَنْكِبَيْهِ يَسْكُنُ». ١٢ 12
About Benjamin, Moses said: The one loved by Yahweh lives in security beside him; Yahweh shields him all the day long, and he lives between Yahweh's arms.
وَلِيُوسُفَ قَالَ: «مُبَارَكَةٌ مِنَ ٱلرَّبِّ أَرْضُهُ، بِنَفَائِسِ ٱلسَّمَاءِ بِٱلنَّدَى، وَبِاللُّجَّةِ ٱلرَّابِضَةِ تَحْتُ، ١٣ 13
About Joseph, Moses said: May his land be blessed by Yahweh with the precious things of heaven, with the dew, and with the deep that lies beneath.
وَنَفَائِسِ مُغَلَّاتِ ٱلشَّمْسِ، وَنَفَائِسِ مُنْبَتَاتِ ٱلْأَقْمَارِ. ١٤ 14
May his land be blessed with the precious things of the harvest of the sun, with the precious things of the produce of the months,
وَمِنْ مَفَاخِرِ ٱلْجِبَالِ ٱلْقَدِيمَةِ، وَمِنْ نَفَائِسِ ٱلْإِكَامِ ٱلْأَبَدِيَّةِ، ١٥ 15
with the finest things of the ancient mountains, and with the precious things of the everlasting hills.
وَمِنْ نَفَائِسِ ٱلْأَرْضِ وَمِلْئِهَا، وَرِضَى ٱلسَّاكِنِ فِي ٱلْعُلَّيْقَةِ. فَلْتَأْتِ عَلَى رَأْسِ يُوسُفَ وَعَلَى قِمَّةِ نَذِيرِ إِخْوَتِهِ. ١٦ 16
May his land be blessed with the precious things of the earth and its abundance, and with the good will of him who was in the bush. Let the blessing come on the head of Joseph, and on the top of the head of him who was prince over his brothers.
بِكْرُ ثَوْرِهِ زِينَةٌ لَهُ، وَقَرْنَاهُ قَرْنَا رِئْمٍ. بِهِمَا يَنْطَحُ ٱلشُّعُوبَ مَعًا إِلَى أَقَاصِي ٱلْأَرْضِ. هُمَا رِبْوَاتُ أَفْرَايِمَ وَأُلُوفُ مَنَسَّى». ١٧ 17
The firstborn of an ox, majestic is he, and his horns are the horns of a wild ox. With them he will push the peoples, all of them, to the ends of the earth. These are the ten thousands of Ephraim; these are the thousands of Manasseh.
وَلِزَبُولُونَ قَالَ: «اِفْرَحْ يَا زَبُولُونُ بِخُرُوجِكَ، وَأَنْتَ يَا يَسَّاكَرُ بِخِيَامِكَ. ١٨ 18
About Zebulun, Moses said: Rejoice, Zebulun, in your going out, and you, Issachar, in your tents.
إِلَى ٱلْجَبَلِ يَدْعُوانِ ٱلْقَبَائِلَ. هُنَاكَ يَذْبَحْانِ ذَبَائِحَ ٱلْبِرِّ لِأَنَّهُمَا يَرْتَضِعَانِ مِنْ فَيْضِ ٱلْبِحَارِ، وَذَخَائِرَ مَطْمُورَةٍ فِي ٱلرَّمْلِ». ١٩ 19
They will call the peoples to the mountains. There will they offer sacrifices of righteousness. For they will suck the abundance of the seas, and from the sand on the seashore.
وَلِجَادَ قَالَ: «مُبَارَكٌ ٱلَّذِي وَسَّعَ جَادَ. كَلَبْوَةٍ سَكَنَ وَٱفْتَرَسَ ٱلذِّرَاعَ مَعَ قِمَّةِ ٱلرَّأْسِ. ٢٠ 20
About Gad, Moses said: Blessed be he who enlarges Gad. He will live there like a lioness, and he will tear off an arm or a head.
وَرَأَى ٱلْأَوَّلَ لِنَفْسِهِ، لِأَنَّهُ هُنَاكَ قِسْمٌ مِنَ ٱلشَّارِعِ مَحْفُوظٌ، فَأَتَى رَأْسًا لِلشَّعْبِ، يَعْمَلُ حَقَّ ٱلرَّبِّ وَأَحْكَامَهُ مَعَ إِسْرَائِيلَ». ٢١ 21
He provided the best part for himself, for there was the leader's portion of land reserved. He came with the heads of the people. He carried out the justice of Yahweh and his decrees with Israel.
وَلِدَانَ قَالَ: «دَانُ شِبْلُ أَسَدٍ يَثِبُ مِنْ بَاشَانَ». ٢٢ 22
About Dan, Moses said: Dan is a lion cub that leaps out from Bashan.
وَلِنَفْتَالِي قَالَ: «يَا نَفْتَالِي ٱشْبَعْ رِضًى، وَٱمْتَلِيءْ بَرَكَةً مِنَ ٱلرَّبِّ، وَٱمْلِكِ ٱلْغَرْبَ وَٱلْجَنُوبَ». ٢٣ 23
About Naphtali, Moses said: Naphtali, satisfied with favor, and full of the blessing of Yahweh, take possession of the land to the west and south.
وَلِأَشِيرَ قَالَ: «مُبَارَكٌ مِنَ ٱلْبَنِينَ أَشِيرُ. لِيَكُنْ مَقْبُولًا مِنْ إِخْوَتِهِ، وَيَغْمِسْ فِي ٱلزَّيْتِ رِجْلَهُ. ٢٤ 24
About Asher, Moses said: Blessed be Asher more than the other sons; let him be acceptable to his brothers, and let him dip his foot in olive oil.
حَدِيدٌ وَنُحَاسٌ مَزَالِيجُكَ، وَكَأَيَّامِكَ رَاحَتُكَ. ٢٥ 25
May your city bars be iron and bronze; as long as will be your days, so long will your security be.
«لَيْسَ مِثْلَ ٱللهِ يَا يَشُورُونُ. يَرْكَبُ ٱلسَّمَاءَ فِي مَعُونَتِكَ، وَٱلْغَمَامَ فِي عَظَمَتِهِ. ٢٦ 26
There is no one like God, Jeshurun—the upright one, who rides through the heavens to your help, and in his majesty on the clouds.
ٱلْإِلَهُ ٱلْقَدِيمُ مَلْجَأٌ، وَٱلْأَذْرُعُ ٱلْأَبَدِيَّةُ مِنْ تَحْتُ. فَطَرَدَ مِنْ قُدَّامِكَ ٱلْعَدُوَّ وَقَالَ: أَهْلِكْ. ٢٧ 27
The eternal God is a refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms. He thrust out the enemy from before you, and he said, “Destroy!”
فَيَسْكُنَ إِسْرَائِيلُ آمِنًا وَحْدَهُ. تَكُونُ عَيْنُ يَعْقُوبَ إِلَى أَرْضِ حِنْطَةٍ وَخَمْرٍ، وَسَمَاؤُهُ تَقْطُرُ نَدًى. ٢٨ 28
Israel dwelt in safety. Jacob's spring was secure in a land of grain and new wine; indeed, let his heavens drop dew on him.
طُوبَاكَ يَا إِسْرَائِيلُ! مَنْ مِثْلُكَ يَا شَعْبًا مَنْصُورًا بِٱلرَّبِّ؟ تُرْسِ عَوْنِكَ وَسَيْفِ عَظَمَتِكَ فَيَتَذَلَّلُ لَكَ أَعْدَاؤُكَ، وَأَنْتَ تَطَأُ مُرْتَفَعَاتِهِمْ». ٢٩ 29
Your blessings are many, Israel! Who is like you, a people saved by Yahweh, the shield of your help, and the sword of your majesty? Your enemies will come trembling to you; you will trample down their high places.