اَلتَّثْنِيَة 25

«إِذَا كَانَتْ خُصُومَةٌ بَيْنَ أُنَاسٍ وَتَقَدَّمُوا إِلَى ٱلْقَضَاءِ لِيَقْضِيَ ٱلْقُضَاةُ بَيْنَهُمْ، فَلْيُبَرِّرُوا ٱلْبَارَّ وَيَحْكُمُوا عَلَى ٱلْمُذْنِبِ. ١ 1
If there is a dispute between men and they go to court, and the judges judge them, then they will acquit the righteous and condemn the wicked.
فَإِنْ كَانَ ٱلْمُذْنِبُ مُسْتَوْجِبَ ٱلضَّرْبِ، يَطْرَحُهُ ٱلْقَاضِي وَيَجْلِدُونَهُ أَمَامَهُ عَلَى قَدَرِ ذَنْبِهِ بِٱلْعَدَدِ. ٢ 2
If the guilty man deserves to be beaten, then the judge will make him lie down and be beaten in his presence with the ordered number of blows, as was his crime.
أَرْبَعِينَ يَجْلِدُهُ. لَا يَزِدْ، لِئَلَّا إِذَا زَادَ فِي جَلْدِهِ عَلَى هَذِهِ ضَرَبَاتٍ كَثِيرَةً، يُحْتَقَرَ أَخُوكَ فِي عَيْنَيْكَ. ٣ 3
The judge may give him forty blows, but he may not exceed that number; for if he should exceed that number and beat him with many more blows, then your fellow Israelite would be humiliated before your eyes.
لَا تَكُمَّ ٱلثَّوْرَ فِي دِرَاسِهِ. ٤ 4
You must not muzzle the ox when he treads out the grain.
«إِذَا سَكَنَ إِخْوَةٌ مَعًا وَمَاتَ وَاحِدٌ مِنْهُمْ وَلَيْسَ لَهُ ٱبْنٌ، فَلَا تَصِرِ ٱمْرَأَةُ ٱلْمَيْتِ إِلَى خَارِجٍ لِرَجُلٍ أَجْنَبِيٍّ. أَخُو زَوْجِهَا يَدْخُلُ عَلَيْهَا وَيَتَّخِذُهَا لِنَفْسِهِ زَوْجَةً، وَيَقُومُ لَهَا بِوَاجِبِ أَخِي ٱلزَّوْجِ. ٥ 5
If brothers live together and one of them dies, not having any son, then the wife of the dead man must not be married off to someone else outside the family. Instead, her husband's brother must sleep with her and take her to himself as a wife, and do the duty of a husband's brother to her.
وَٱلْبِكْرُ ٱلَّذِي تَلِدُهُ يَقُومُ بِٱسْمِ أَخِيهِ ٱلْمَيْتِ، لِئَلَّا يُمْحَى ٱسْمُهُ مِنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ. ٦ 6
This is so that the firstborn that she bears will succeed in the name of that man's dead brother, so that his name will not perish from Israel.
«وَإِنْ لَمْ يَرْضَ ٱلرَّجُلُ أَنْ يَأْخُذَ ٱمْرَأَةَ أَخِيهِ، تَصْعَدُ ٱمْرَأَةُ أَخِيهِ إِلَى ٱلْبَابِ إِلَى ٱلشُّيُوخِ وَتَقُولُ: قَدْ أَبَى أَخُو زَوْجِي أَنْ يُقِيمَ لِأَخِيهِ ٱسْمًا فِي إِسْرَائِيلَ. لَمْ يَشَأْ أَنْ يَقُومَ لِي بِوَاجِبِ أَخِي ٱلزَّوْجِ. ٧ 7
But if the man does not wish to take his brother's wife for himself, then his brother's wife must go up to the gate to the elders and say, 'My husband's brother refuses to raise up for his brother a name in Israel; he will not perform the duty of a husband's brother to me.'
فَيَدْعُوهُ شُيُوخُ مَدِينَتِهِ وَيَتَكَلَّمُونَ مَعَهُ. فَإِنْ أَصَرَّ وَقَالَ: لَا أَرْضَى أَنْ أَتَّخِذَهَا. ٨ 8
Then the elders of his city must call him and speak to him. But suppose that he insists and says, 'I do not wish to take her.'
تَتَقَدَّمُ ٱمْرَأَةُ أَخِيهِ إِلَيْهِ أَمَامَ أَعْيُنِ ٱلشُّيُوخِ، وَتَخْلَعُ نَعْلَهُ مِنْ رِجْلِهِ، وَتَبْصُقُ فِي وَجْهِهِ، وَتُصَرِّحُ وَتَقُولُ: هَكَذَا يُفْعَلُ بِٱلرَّجُلِ ٱلَّذِي لَا يَبْنِي بَيْتَ أَخِيهِ. ٩ 9
Then his brother's wife must come up to him in the presence of the elders, take off his sandal from his foot, and spit in his face. She must answer him and say, 'This is what is done to the man who does not build up his brother's house.'
فَيُدْعَى ٱسْمُهُ فِي إِسْرَائِيلَ «بَيْتَ مَخْلُوعِ ٱلنَّعْلِ». ١٠ 10
His name will be called in Israel, 'The house of him whose sandal has been taken off.'
«إِذَا تَخَاصَمَ رَجُلَانِ بَعْضُهُمَا بَعْضًا، رَجُلٌ وَأَخُوهُ، وَتَقَدَّمَتِ ٱمْرَأَةُ أَحَدِهِمَا لِكَيْ تُخَلِّصَ رَجُلَهَا مِنْ يَدِ ضَارِبِهِ، وَمَدَّتْ يَدَهَا وَأَمْسَكَتْ بِعَوْرَتِهِ، ١١ 11
If men fight with each other, and the wife of one comes to rescue her husband out of the hand of him who struck him, and if she stretches out her hand and takes him by the private parts,
فَٱقْطَعْ يَدَهَا، وَلَا تُشْفِقْ عَيْنُكَ. ١٢ 12
then you must cut off her hand; your eye must have no pity.
«لَا يَكُنْ لَكَ فِي كِيسِكَ أَوْزَانٌ مُخْتَلِفَةٌ كَبِيرَةٌ وَصَغِيرَةٌ. ١٣ 13
You must not have in your bag different weights, a large and a small.
لَا يَكُنْ لَكَ فِي بَيْتِكَ مَكَايِيلُ مُخْتَلِفَةٌ كَبِيرَةٌ وَصَغِيرَةٌ. ١٤ 14
You must not have in your house different measures, a large and a small.
وَزْنٌ صَحِيحٌ وَحَقٌّ يَكُونُ لَكَ، وَمِكْيَالٌ صَحِيحٌ وَحَقٌّ يَكُونُ لَكَ، لِكَيْ تَطُولَ أَيَّامُكَ عَلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ ٱلَّتِي يُعْطِيكَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ. ١٥ 15
A perfect and just weight you must have; a perfect and just measure you must have, so that your days may be long in the land that Yahweh your God is giving you.
لِأَنَّ كُلَّ مَنْ عَمِلَ ذَلِكَ، كُلَّ مَنْ عَمِلَ غِشًّا، مَكْرُوهٌ لَدَى ٱلرَّبِّ إِلَهِكَ. ١٦ 16
For all who do such things, all that act unrighteously, are an abomination to Yahweh your God.
«اُذْكُرْ مَا فَعَلَهُ بِكَ عَمَالِيقُ فِي ٱلطَّرِيقِ عِنْدَ خُرُوجِكَ مِنْ مِصْرَ. ١٧ 17
Call to mind what Amalek did to you on the road as you came out of Egypt,
كَيْفَ لَاقَاكَ فِي ٱلطَّرِيقِ وَقَطَعَ مِنْ مُؤَخَّرِكَ كُلَّ ٱلْمُسْتَضْعِفِينَ وَرَاءَكَ، وَأَنْتَ كَلِيلٌ وَمُتْعَبٌ، وَلَمْ يَخَفِ ٱللهَ. ١٨ 18
how he met you on the road and attacked those of you at the rear, all who were feeble in your rear, when you were faint and weary; he did not honor God.
فَمَتَى أَرَاحَكَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ مِنْ جَمِيعِ أَعْدَائِكَ حَوْلَكَ فِي ٱلْأَرْضِ ٱلَّتِي يُعْطِيكَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ نَصِيبًا لِكَيْ تَمْتَلِكَهَا، تَمْحُو ذِكْرَ عَمَالِيقَ مِنْ تَحْتِ ٱلسَّمَاءِ. لَا تَنْسَ. ١٩ 19
Therefore, when Yahweh your God has given you rest from all your enemies round about, in the land that Yahweh your God is giving you to possess as an inheritance, you must not forget that you must blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven.