اَلتَّثْنِيَة 21

«إِذَا وُجِدَ قَتِيلٌ فِي ٱلْأَرْضِ ٱلَّتِي يُعْطِيكَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ لِتَمْتَلِكَهَا وَاقِعًا فِي ٱلْحَقْلِ، لَا يُعْلَمُ مَنْ قَتَلَهُ، ١ 1
If someone is found killed in the land that Yahweh your God is giving you to possess, lying in the field, and it is not known who has attacked him;
يَخْرُجُ شُيُوخُكَ وَقُضَاتُكَ وَيَقِيسُونَ إِلَى ٱلْمُدُنِ ٱلَّتِي حَوْلَ ٱلْقَتِيلِ. ٢ 2
then your elders and your judges must go out, and they must measure to the cities that are around him who has been killed.
فَٱلْمَدِينَةُ ٱلْقُرْبَى مِنَ ٱلْقَتِيلِ، يَأْخُذُ شُيُوخُ تِلْكَ ٱلْمَدِينَةِ عِجْلَةً مِنَ ٱلْبَقَرِ لَمْ يُحْرَثْ عَلَيْهَا، لَمْ تَجُرَّ بِٱلنِّيرِ. ٣ 3
Then the elders of the town nearest to the dead man's body must take a heifer from the herd, one that has never been put to work, and that has not borne the yoke.
وَيَنْحَدِرُ شُيُوخُ تِلْكَ ٱلْمَدِينَةِ بِٱلْعِجْلَةِ إِلَى وَادٍ دَائِمِ ٱلسَّيَلَانِ لَمْ يُحْرَثْ فِيهِ وَلَمْ يُزْرَعْ، وَيَكْسِرُونَ عُنُقَ ٱلْعِجْلَةِ فِي ٱلْوَادِي. ٤ 4
Then they must lead the heifer down to a valley with running water, a valley that has been neither plowed nor sown, and there in the valley they must break the heifer's neck.
ثُمَّ يَتَقَدَّمُ ٱلْكَهَنَةُ بَنُو لَاوِي، لِأَنَّهُ إِيَّاهُمُ ٱخْتَارَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ لِيَخْدِمُوهُ وَيُبَارِكُوا بِٱسْمِ ٱلرَّبِّ، وَحَسَبَ قَوْلِهِمْ تَكُونُ كُلُّ خُصُومَةٍ وَكُلُّ ضَرْبَةٍ، ٥ 5
The priests, descendants of Levi, must come forward, for Yahweh your God has chosen them to serve him and give blessing in the name of Yahweh and to decide every case of dispute and assault by their word.
وَيَغْسِلُ جَمِيعُ شُيُوخِ تِلْكَ ٱلْمَدِينَةِ ٱلْقَرِيبِينَ مِنَ ٱلْقَتِيلِ أَيْدِيَهُمْ عَلَى ٱلْعِجْلَةِ ٱلْمَكْسُورَةِ ٱلْعُنُقِ فِي ٱلْوَادِي، ٦ 6
All the elders of the city that is the nearest to the killed man must wash their hands over the heifer whose neck was broken in the valley;
وَيُصَرِّحُونَ وَيَقُولُونَ: أَيْدِينَا لَمْ تَسْفِكْ هَذَا ٱلدَّمَ، وَأَعْيُنُنَا لَمْ تُبْصِرْ. ٧ 7
and they must answer to the case and say, 'Our hands have not shed this blood, neither have our eyes seen it.
اِغْفِرْ لِشَعْبِكَ إِسْرَائِيلَ ٱلَّذِي فَدَيْتَ يَا رَبُّ، وَلَا تَجْعَلْ دَمَ بَرِيءٍ فِي وَسَطِ شَعْبِكَ إِسْرَائِيلَ. فَيُغْفَرُ لَهُمُ ٱلدَّمُ. ٨ 8
Forgive, Yahweh, your people Israel, whom you have redeemed, and do not put guilt for innocent bloodshed in the midst of your people Israel.' Then the bloodshed will be forgiven them.
فَتَنْزِعُ ٱلدَّمَ ٱلْبَرِيءَ مِنْ وَسَطِكَ إِذَا عَمِلْتَ ٱلصَّالِحَ فِي عَيْنَيِ ٱلرَّبِّ. ٩ 9
In this way you will put away the innocent blood from your midst, when you do what is right in the eyes of Yahweh.
«إِذَا خَرَجْتَ لِمُحَارَبَةِ أَعْدَائِكَ وَدَفَعَهُمُ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ إِلَى يَدِكَ، وَسَبَيْتَ مِنْهُمْ سَبْيًا، ١٠ 10
When you go out to do battle against your enemies and Yahweh your God gives you victory and puts them under your control, and you take them away as captives,
وَرَأَيْتَ فِي ٱلسَّبْيِ ٱمْرَأَةً جَمِيلَةَ ٱلصُّورَةِ، وَٱلْتَصَقْتَ بِهَا وَٱتَّخَذْتَهَا لَكَ زَوْجَةً، ١١ 11
if you see among the captives a beautiful woman, and you have a desire for her and wish to take her for yourself as a wife,
فَحِينَ تُدْخِلُهَا إِلَى بَيْتِكَ تَحْلِقُ رَأْسَهَا وَتُقَلِّمُ أَظْفَارَهَا ١٢ 12
then you will bring her home to your house; she will shave her head and cut her nails.
وَتَنْزِعُ ثِيَابَ سَبْيِهَا عَنْهَا، وَتَقْعُدُ فِي بَيْتِكَ وَتَبْكِي أَبَاهَا وَأُمَّهَا شَهْرًا مِنَ ٱلزَّمَانِ، ثُمَّ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ تَدْخُلُ عَلَيْهَا وَتَتَزَوَّجُ بِهَا، فَتَكُونُ لَكَ زَوْجَةً. ١٣ 13
Then she will take off the clothes she was wearing when she was taken captive and she will remain in your house and mourn for her father and her mother a full month. After that you may sleep with her and be her husband, and she will be your wife.
وَإِنْ لَمْ تُسَرَّ بِهَا فَأَطْلِقْهَا لِنَفْسِهَا. لَا تَبِعْهَا بَيْعًا بِفِضَّةٍ، وَلَا تَسْتَرِقَّهَا مِنْ أَجْلِ أَنَّكَ قَدْ أَذْلَلْتَهَا. ١٤ 14
But if you take no delight in her, then you may let her go where she wishes. But you must not sell her at all for money, and you must not treat her like a slave, because you have humiliated her.
«إِذَا كَانَ لِرَجُلٍ ٱمْرَأَتَانِ، إِحْدَاهُمَا مَحْبُوبَةٌ وَٱلْأُخْرَى مَكْرُوهَةٌ، فَوَلَدَتَا لَهُ بَنِينَ، ٱلْمَحْبُوبَةُ وَٱلْمَكْرُوهَةُ. فَإِنْ كَانَ ٱلِٱبْنُ ٱلْبِكْرُ لِلْمَكْرُوهَةِ، ١٥ 15
If a man has two wives and one is loved and the other is hated, and they have both borne him children—both the beloved wife and the hated wife—if the firstborn son is of her that is hated,
فَيَوْمَ يَقْسِمُ لِبَنِيهِ مَا كَانَ لَهُ، لَا يَحِلُّ لَهُ أَنْ يُقَدِّمَ ٱبْنَ ٱلْمَحْبُوبَةِ بِكْرًا عَلَى ٱبْنِ ٱلْمَكْرُوهَةِ ٱلْبِكْرِ، ١٦ 16
then on the day that the man causes his sons to inherit what he possesses, he may not make the son of the beloved wife the firstborn before the son of the hated wife, the son who is actually the firstborn.
بَلْ يَعْرِفُ ٱبْنَ ٱلْمَكْرُوهَةِ بِكْرًا لِيُعْطِيَهُ نَصِيبَ ٱثْنَيْنِ مِنْ كُلِّ مَا يُوجَدُ عِنْدَهُ، لِأَنَّهُ هُوَ أَوَّلُ قُدْرَتِهِ. لَهُ حَقُّ ٱلْبَكُورِيَّةِ. ١٧ 17
Instead, he must acknowledge the firstborn, the son of the hated wife, by giving him a double portion of all that he possesses; for that son is the beginning of his strength; the right of the firstborn belongs to him.
«إِذَا كَانَ لِرَجُلٍ ٱبْنٌ مُعَانِدٌ وَمَارِدٌ لَا يَسْمَعُ لِقَوْلِ أَبِيهِ وَلَا لِقَوْلِ أُمِّهِ، وَيُؤَدِّبَانِهِ فَلَا يَسْمَعُ لَهُمَا. ١٨ 18
If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son who will not obey the voice of his father or the voice of his mother, and who, even though they correct him, will not listen to them;
يُمْسِكُهُ أَبُوهُ وَأُمُّهُ وَيَأْتِيَانِ بِهِ إِلَى شُيُوخِ مَدِينَتِهِ وَإِلَى بَابِ مَكَانِهِ، ١٩ 19
then his father and his mother must lay hold on him and bring him out to the elders of his city and to the gate of his city.
وَيَقُولَانِ لِشُيُوخِ مَدِينَتِهِ: ٱبْنُنَا هَذَا مُعَانِدٌ وَمَارِدٌ لَا يَسْمَعُ لِقَوْلِنَا، وَهُوَ مُسْرِفٌ وَسِكِّيرٌ. ٢٠ 20
They must say to the elders of his city, 'This son of ours is stubborn and rebellious; he will not obey our voice; he is a glutton and a drunkard.'
فَيَرْجُمُهُ جَمِيعُ رِجَالِ مَدِينَتِهِ بِحِجَارَةٍ حَتَّى يَمُوتَ. فَتَنْزِعُ ٱلشَّرَّ مِنْ بَيْنِكُمْ، وَيَسْمَعُ كُلُّ إِسْرَائِيلَ وَيَخَافُونَ. ٢١ 21
Then all the men of his city must stone him to death with stones; and you will remove the evil from among you. All Israel will hear of it and fear.
«وَإِذَا كَانَ عَلَى إِنْسَانٍ خَطِيَّةٌ حَقُّهَا ٱلْمَوْتُ، فَقُتِلَ وَعَلَّقْتَهُ عَلَى خَشَبَةٍ، ٢٢ 22
If a man has committed a sin worthy of death and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree,
فَلَا تَبِتْ جُثَّتُهُ عَلَى ٱلْخَشَبَةِ، بَلْ تَدْفِنُهُ فِي ذَلِكَ ٱلْيَوْمِ، لِأَنَّ ٱلْمُعَلَّقَ مَلْعُونٌ مِنَ ٱللهِ. فَلَا تُنَجِّسْ أَرْضَكَ ٱلَّتِي يُعْطِيكَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ نَصِيبًا. ٢٣ 23
then his body must not remain all night on the tree. Instead, you must surely bury him the same day; for whoever is hanged is cursed by God. Obey this commandment so that you do not defile the land that Yahweh your God is giving you as an inheritance.