اَلتَّثْنِيَة 19

«مَتَى قَرَضَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ ٱلْأُمَمَ ٱلَّذِينَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ يُعْطِيكَ أَرْضَهُمْ، وَوَرِثْتَهُمْ وَسَكَنْتَ مُدُنَهُمْ وَبُيُوتَهُمْ، ١ 1
When Yahweh your God cuts off the nations, those whose land Yahweh your God is giving you, and when you come after them and live in their cities and houses,
تَفْرِزُ لِنَفْسِكَ ثَلَاثَ مُدُنٍ فِي وَسَطِ أَرْضِكَ ٱلَّتِي يُعْطِيكَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ لِتَمْتَلِكَهَا. ٢ 2
you must select three cities for yourself in the middle of your land that Yahweh your God is giving you to possess.
تُصْلِحُ ٱلطَّرِيقَ وَتُثَلِّثُ تُخُومَ أَرْضِكَ ٱلَّتِي يَقْسِمُ لَكَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ، فَتَكُونُ لِكَيْ يَهْرُبَ إِلَيْهَا كُلُّ قَاتِلٍ. ٣ 3
You must build a road and divide the borders of your land into three parts, the land that Yahweh your God is causing you to inherit, so that everyone who kills another person may flee there.
وَهَذَا هُوَ حُكْمُ ٱلْقَاتِلِ ٱلَّذِي يَهْرُبُ إِلَى هُنَاكَ فَيَحْيَا: مَنْ ضَرَبَ صَاحِبَهُ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ وَهُوَ غَيْرُ مُبْغِضٍ لَهُ مُنْذُ أَمْسِ وَمَا قَبْلَهُ. ٤ 4
This is the law for the one who kills another and who flees there to live—anyone who kills his neighbor unintentionally, and did not previously hate him.
وَمَنْ ذَهَبَ مَعَ صَاحِبِهِ فِي ٱلْوَعْرِ لِيَحْتَطِبَ حَطَبًا، فَٱنْدَفَعَتْ يَدُهُ بِٱلْفَأْسِ لِيَقْطَعَ ٱلْحَطَبَ، وَأَفْلَتَ ٱلْحَدِيدُ مِنَ ٱلْخَشَبِ وَأَصَابَ صَاحِبَهُ فَمَاتَ، فَهُوَ يَهْرُبُ إِلَى إِحْدَى تِلْكَ ٱلْمُدُنِ فَيَحْيَا. ٥ 5
For example, if a man goes into the forest with his neighbor to cut wood, and his chops with the ax to cut down a tree, and the ax head slips off of the handle and strikes his neighbor and kills him—then that man must flee to one of these cities and save his life.
لِئَلَّا يَسْعَى وَلِيُّ ٱلدَّمِ وَرَاءَ ٱلْقَاتِلِ حِينَ يَحْمَى قَلْبُهُ، وَيُدْرِكَهُ إِذَا طَالَ ٱلطَّرِيقُ وَيَقْتُلَهُ، وَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ حُكْمُ ٱلْمَوْتِ، لِأَنَّهُ غَيْرُ مُبْغِضٍ لَهُ مُنْذُ أَمْسِ وَمَا قَبْلَهُ. ٦ 6
Otherwise the avenger of blood might go after the one who took a life, and in the heat of his anger overtake him, if the distance is too great, strike him and kill him, even though that man did not deserve to die, since he had not hated his neighbor in the past.
لِأَجْلِ ذَلِكَ أَنَا آمُرُكَ قَائِلًا: ثَلَاثَ مُدُنٍ تَفْرِزُ لِنَفْسِكَ. ٧ 7
Therefore I command you to select three cities for yourself.
وَإِنْ وَسَّعَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ تُخُومَكَ كَمَا حَلَفَ لِآبَائِكَ، وَأَعْطَاكَ جَمِيعَ ٱلْأَرْضِ ٱلَّتِي قَالَ إِنَّهُ يُعْطِي لِآبَائِكَ، ٨ 8
If Yahweh your God enlarges your borders, as he has sworn to your ancestors to do, and gives you all the land that he promised to give to your ancestors;
إِذْ حَفِظْتَ كُلَّ هَذِهِ ٱلْوَصَايَا لِتَعْمَلَهَا، كَمَا أَنَا أُوصِيكَ ٱلْيَوْمَ لِتُحِبَّ ٱلرَّبَّ إِلَهَكَ وَتَسْلُكَ فِي طُرُقِهِ كُلَّ ٱلْأَيَّامِ، فَزِدْ لِنَفْسِكَ أَيْضًا ثَلَاثَ مُدُنٍ عَلَى هَذِهِ ٱلثَّلَاثِ، ٩ 9
if you keep all these commandments to do them, which I am commanding you today—commandments to love Yahweh your God and to always walk in his ways, then you must add three more cities for yourself, besides these three.
حَتَّى لَا يُسْفَكَ دَمُ بَرِيءٍ فِي وَسَطِ أَرْضِكَ ٱلَّتِي يُعْطِيكَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ نَصِيبًا، فَيَكُونَ عَلَيْكَ دَمٌ. ١٠ 10
Do this so that innocent blood is not shed in the midst of the land that Yahweh your God is giving you for as an inheritance, so that no bloodguilt may be on you.
«وَلَكِنْ إِذَا كَانَ إِنْسَانٌ مُبْغِضًا لِصَاحِبِهِ، فَكَمَنَ لَهُ وَقَامَ عَلَيْهِ وَضَرَبَهُ ضَرْبَةً قَاتِلَةً فَمَاتَ، ثُمَّ هَرَبَ إِلَى إِحْدَى تِلْكَ ٱلْمُدُنِ، ١١ 11
But if anyone hates his neighbor, lies in wait for him, rises up against him, and mortally wounds him so that he dies, and if he then flees into one of these cities—
يُرْسِلُ شُيُوخُ مَدِينَتِهِ وَيَأْخُذُونَهُ مِنْ هُنَاكَ وَيَدْفَعُونَهُ إِلَى يَدِ وَلِيِّ ٱلدَّمِ فَيَمُوتُ. ١٢ 12
then the elders of his city must send and bring him back from there, and turn him over into the hand of the responsible relative, so that he may die.
لَا تُشْفِقْ عَيْنُكَ عَلَيْهِ. فَتَنْزِعَ دَمَ ٱلْبَرِيءِ مِنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ، فَيَكُونَ لَكَ خَيْرٌ. ١٣ 13
Your eye must not pity him; instead, you must eradicate the bloodguilt from Israel, that it may go well with you.
لَا تَنْقُلْ تُخْمَ صَاحِبِكَ ٱلَّذِي نَصَبَهُ ٱلْأَوَّلُونَ فِي نَصِيبِكَ ٱلَّذِي تَنَالُهُ فِي ٱلْأَرْضِ ٱلَّتِي يُعْطِيكَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ لِكَيْ تَمْتَلِكَهَا. ١٤ 14
You must not remove your neighbor's landmark that they set in place a long time ago, in your inheritance that you will inherit, in the land that Yahweh your God is giving you to possess.
«لَا يَقُومُ شَاهِدٌ وَاحِدٌ عَلَى إِنْسَانٍ فِي ذَنْبٍ مَّا أَوْ خَطِيَّةٍ مَّا مِنْ جَمِيعِ ٱلْخَطَايَا ٱلَّتِي يُخْطِئُ بِهَا. عَلَى فَمِ شَاهِدَيْنِ أَوْ عَلَى فَمِ ثَلَاثَةِ شُهُودٍ يَقُومُ ٱلْأَمْرُ. ١٥ 15
One sole witness must not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any matter that he sins; at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, must any matter be confirmed.
إِذَا قَامَ شَاهِدُ زُورٍ عَلَى إِنْسَانٍ لِيَشْهَدَ عَلَيْهِ بِزَيْغٍ، ١٦ 16
Suppose that an unrighteous witness rises up against any man to testify against him of wrongdoing.
يَقِفُ ٱلرَّجُلَانِ ٱللَّذَانِ بَيْنَهُمَا ٱلْخُصُومَةُ أَمَامَ ٱلرَّبِّ، أَمَامَ ٱلْكَهَنَةِ وَٱلْقُضَاةِ ٱلَّذِينَ يَكُونُونَ فِي تِلْكَ ٱلْأَيَّامِ. ١٧ 17
Then both men, the ones between whom the controversy exists, must stand before Yahweh, before the priests and the judges who serve in those days.
فَإِنْ فَحَصَ ٱلْقُضَاةُ جَيِّدًا، وَإِذَا ٱلشَّاهِدُ شَاهِدٌ كَاذِبٌ، قَدْ شَهِدَ بِٱلْكَذِبِ عَلَى أَخِيهِ، ١٨ 18
The judges must make diligent inquiries; see, if the witness is a false witness and has testified falsely against his brother,
فَٱفْعَلُوا بِهِ كَمَا نَوَى أَنْ يَفْعَلَ بِأَخِيهِ. فَتَنْزِعُونَ ٱلشَّرَّ مِنْ وَسْطِكُمْ. ١٩ 19
then must you do to him, as he had wished to do to his brother; and you will remove the evil from among you.
وَيَسْمَعُ ٱلْبَاقُونَ فَيَخَافُونَ، وَلَا يَعُودُونَ يَفْعَلُونَ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ ٱلْأَمْرِ ٱلْخَبِيثِ فِي وَسَطِكَ. ٢٠ 20
Then those who remain will hear and fear, and will from then on commit no longer any such evil among you.
لَا تُشْفِقْ عَيْنُكَ. نَفْسٌ بِنَفْسٍ. عَيْنٌ بِعَيْنٍ. سِنٌّ بِسِنٍّ. يَدٌ بِيَدٍ. رِجْلٌ بِرِجْلٍ. ٢١ 21
Your eyes must not pity; life will pay for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.