اَلتَّثْنِيَة 17

«لَا تَذْبَحْ لِلرَّبِّ إِلَهِكَ ثَوْرًا أَوْ شَاةً فِيهِ عَيْبٌ، شَيْءٌ مَّا رَدِيءٌ، لِأَنَّ ذَلِكَ رِجْسٌ لَدَى ٱلرَّبِّ إِلَهِكَ. ١ 1
You must not sacrifice to Yahweh your God an ox or a sheep in which is any blemish or anything bad, for that would be an abomination to Yahweh your God.
«إِذَا وُجِدَ فِي وَسَطِكَ فِي أَحَدِ أَبْوَابِكَ ٱلَّتِي يُعْطِيكَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ رَجُلٌ أَوِ ٱمْرَأَةٌ يَفْعَلُ شَرًّا فِي عَيْنَيِ ٱلرَّبِّ إِلَهِكَ بِتَجَاوُزِ عَهْدِهِ، ٢ 2
If there is found among you, within any of your city gates that Yahweh your God is giving you, any man or woman who does what is evil in the sight of Yahweh your God and transgresses his covenant,
وَيَذْهَبُ وَيَعْبُدُ آلِهَةً أُخْرَى وَيَسْجُدُ لَهَا، أَوْ لِلشَّمْسِ أَوْ لِلْقَمَرِ أَوْ لِكُلٍّ مِنْ جُنْدِ ٱلسَّمَاءِ، ٱلشَّيْءَ ٱلَّذِي لَمْ أُوصِ بِهِ، ٣ 3
anyone who has gone and worshiped other gods and bowed down to them, either the sun, the moon, or any of the host of heaven—nothing that I have commanded—
وَأُخْبِرْتَ وَسَمِعْتَ وَفَحَصْتَ جَيِّدًا وَإِذَا ٱلْأَمْرُ صَحِيحٌ أَكِيدٌ. قَدْ عُمِلَ ذَلِكَ ٱلرِّجْسُ فِي إِسْرَائِيلَ، ٤ 4
and if you are told about this, or if you have heard of it, then you must make a careful investigation. If it is true and certain that such an abomination has been done in Israel, this is what you should do.
فَأَخْرِجْ ذَلِكَ ٱلرَّجُلَ أَوْ تِلْكَ ٱلْمَرْأَةَ، ٱلَّذِي فَعَلَ ذَلِكَ ٱلْأَمْرَ ٱلشِّرِّيرَ إِلَى أَبْوَابِكَ، ٱلرَّجُلَ أَوِ ٱلْمَرْأَةَ، وَٱرْجُمْهُ بِٱلْحِجَارَةِ حَتَّى يَمُوتَ. ٥ 5
You must bring that man or woman, who has done this evil thing, to your city gates, that very man or woman, and you must stone that person to death.
عَلَى فَمِ شَاهِدَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلَاثَةِ شُهُودٍ يُقْتَلُ ٱلَّذِي يُقْتَلُ. لَا يُقْتَلْ عَلَى فَمِ شَاهِدٍ وَاحِدٍ. ٦ 6
At the mouth of two witnesses, or three witnesses, will he who must die be put to death; but at the mouth of only one witness he must not be put to death.
أَيْدِي ٱلشُّهُودِ تَكُونُ عَلَيْهِ أَوَّلًا لِقَتْلِهِ، ثُمَّ أَيْدِي جَمِيعِ ٱلشَّعْبِ أَخِيرًا، فَتَنْزِعُ ٱلشَّرَّ مِنْ وَسَطِكَ. ٧ 7
The hand of the witnesses must be the first to put him to death, and afterward the hand of all the people; and you will remove the evil from among you.
«إِذَا عَسِرَ عَلَيْكَ أَمْرٌ فِي ٱلْقَضَاءِ بَيْنَ دَمٍ وَدَمٍ، أَوْ بَيْنَ دَعْوَى وَدَعْوَى، أَوْ بَيْنَ ضَرْبَةٍ وَضَرْبَةٍ مِنْ أُمُورِ ٱلْخُصُومَاتِ فِي أَبْوَابِكَ، فَقُمْ وَٱصْعَدْ إِلَى ٱلْمَكَانِ ٱلَّذِي يَخْتَارُهُ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ، ٨ 8
If a matter arises that is too hard for you to judge—perhaps a question of murder or accidental death, of one person's right and another person's right, or a question of one kind of harm done, or another kind of matter, matters of controversy within your city gates—then you must go up to the place that Yahweh your God will choose as his sanctuary.
وَٱذْهَبْ إِلَى ٱلْكَهَنَةِ ٱللَّاوِيِّينَ وَإِلَى ٱلْقَاضِي ٱلَّذِي يَكُونُ فِي تِلْكَ ٱلْأَيَّامِ، وَٱسْأَلْ فَيُخْبِرُوكَ بِأَمْرِ ٱلْقَضَاءِ. ٩ 9
You must go to the priests, the descendants of Levi, and to the judge who will be serving at that time; you will seek their advice, and they will give you the verdict.
فَتَعْمَلُ حَسَبَ ٱلْأَمْرِ ٱلَّذِي يُخْبِرُونَكَ بِهِ مِنْ ذَلِكَ ٱلْمَكَانِ ٱلَّذِي يَخْتَارُهُ ٱلرَّبُّ، وَتَحْرِصُ أَنْ تَعْمَلَ حَسَبَ كُلِّ مَا يُعَلِّمُونَكَ. ١٠ 10
You must follow the law given to you at the place Yahweh will choose as his sanctuary. You will be careful to do everything that they direct you to do.
حَسَبَ ٱلشَّرِيعَةِ ٱلَّتِي يُعَلِّمُونَكَ وَٱلْقَضَاءِ ٱلَّذِي يَقُولُونَهُ لَكَ تَعْمَلُ. لَا تَحِدْ عَنِ ٱلْأَمْرِ ٱلَّذِي يُخْبِرُونَكَ بِهِ يَمِينًا أَوْ شِمَالًا. ١١ 11
Follow the law they teach you, and do according to the decisions they give you. Do not turn aside from what they tell you, to the right hand or to the left.
وَٱلرَّجُلُ ٱلَّذِي يَعْمَلُ بِطُغْيَانٍ، فَلَا يَسْمَعُ لِلْكَاهِنِ ٱلْوَاقِفِ هُنَاكَ لِيَخْدِمَ ٱلرَّبَّ إِلَهَكَ، أَوْ لِلْقَاضِي، يُقْتَلُ ذَلِكَ ٱلرَّجُلُ، فَتَنْزِعُ ٱلشَّرَّ مِنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ. ١٢ 12
Anyone who acts arrogantly, in not listening to the priest who is standing to serve before Yahweh your God, or in not listening to the judge—that man will die; you will put away the evil from Israel.
فَيَسْمَعُ جَمِيعُ ٱلشَّعْبِ وَيَخَافُونَ وَلَا يَطْغَوْنَ بَعْدُ. ١٣ 13
All the people must hear and fear, and act arrogantly no more.
«مَتَى أَتَيْتَ إِلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ ٱلَّتِي يُعْطِيكَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ، وَٱمْتَلَكْتَهَا وَسَكَنْتَ فِيهَا، فَإِنْ قُلْتَ: أَجْعَلُ عَلَيَّ مَلِكًا كَجَمِيعِ ٱلْأُمَمِ ٱلَّذِينَ حَوْلِي. ١٤ 14
When you have come to the land that Yahweh your God gives you, and when you take possession of it and begin to live in it, and then you say, 'I will set a king over myself, like all the nations that are round about me,'
فَإِنَّكَ تَجْعَلُ عَلَيْكَ مَلِكًا ٱلَّذِي يَخْتَارُهُ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ. مِنْ وَسَطِ إِخْوَتِكَ تَجْعَلُ عَلَيْكَ مَلِكًا. لَا يَحِلُّ لَكَ أَنْ تَجْعَلَ عَلَيْكَ رَجُلًا أَجْنَبِيًّا لَيْسَ هُوَ أَخَاكَ. ١٥ 15
then you must surely set as king over yourself someone whom Yahweh your God will choose. You must set as king over yourself someone from among your brothers. You may not put a foreigner, who is not your brother, over yourself.
وَلَكِنْ لَا يُكَثِّرْ لَهُ ٱلْخَيْلَ، وَلَا يَرُدُّ ٱلشَّعْبَ إِلَى مِصْرَ لِكَيْ يُكَثِّرَ ٱلْخَيْلَ، وَٱلرَّبُّ قَدْ قَالَ لَكُمْ: لَا تَعُودُوا تَرْجِعُونَ فِي هَذِهِ ٱلطَّرِيقِ أَيْضًا. ١٦ 16
But he must not multiply horses for himself, nor cause the people to return to Egypt so that he may multiply horses, for Yahweh had said to you, 'You will never return that way again.'
وَلَا يُكَثِّرْ لَهُ نِسَاءً لِئَلَّا يَزِيغَ قَلْبُهُ. وَفِضَّةً وَذَهَبًا لَا يُكَثِّرْ لَهُ كَثِيرًا. ١٧ 17
He must not take many wives for himself, so that his heart does not turn away. He must not accumulate large amounts of silver and gold.
وَعِنْدَمَا يَجْلِسُ عَلَى كُرْسِيِّ مَمْلَكَتِهِ، يَكْتُبُ لِنَفْسِهِ نُسْخَةً مِنْ هَذِهِ ٱلشَّرِيعَةِ فِي كِتَابٍ مِنْ عِنْدِ ٱلْكَهَنَةِ ٱللَّاوِيِّينَ، ١٨ 18
When he sits on the throne of his kingdom, he must write for himself in a scroll a copy of this law, from the law that is before the priests, who are Levites.
فَتَكُونُ مَعَهُ، وَيَقْرَأُ فِيهَا كُلَّ أَيَّامِ حَيَاتِهِ، لِكَيْ يَتَعَلَّمَ أَنْ يَتَّقِيَ ٱلرَّبَّ إِلَهَهُ وَيَحْفَظَ جَمِيعَ كَلِمَاتِ هَذِهِ ٱلشَّرِيعَةِ وَهَذِهِ ٱلْفَرَائِضَ لِيَعْمَلَ بِهَا، ١٩ 19
The scroll must be with him, and he must read in it all the days of his life, so that he may learn to honor Yahweh his God, so as to keep all the words of this law and these statutes, to observe them.
لِئَلَّا يَرْتَفِعَ قَلْبُهُ عَلَى إِخْوَتِهِ، وَلِئَلَّا يَحِيدَ عَنِ ٱلْوَصِيَّةِ يَمِينًا أَوْ شِمَالًا. لِكَيْ يُطِيلَ ٱلْأَيَّامَ عَلَى مَمْلَكَتِهِ هُوَ وَبَنُوهُ فِي وَسَطِ إِسْرَائِيلَ. ٢٠ 20
He must do this so that his heart is not lifted up above his brothers, and so that he does not turn away from the commandments, to the right hand or to the left; for the purpose that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he and his children, among Israel.