اَلتَّثْنِيَة 15

«فِي آخِرِ سَبْعِ سِنِينَ تَعْمَلُ إِبْرَاءً. ١ 1
At the end of every seven years, you must cancel debts.
وَهَذَا هُوَ حُكْمُ ٱلْإِبْرَاءِ: يُبْرِئُ كُلُّ صَاحِبِ دَيْنٍ يَدَهُ مِمَّا أَقْرَضَ صَاحِبَهُ. لَا يُطَالِبُ صَاحِبَهُ وَلَا أَخَاهُ، لِأَنَّهُ قَدْ نُودِيَ بِإِبْرَاءٍ لِلرَّبِّ. ٢ 2
This is the manner of the release: Every creditor will cancel that which he has lent to his neighbor; he will not demand it from his neighbor or his brother because Yahweh's cancellation of debts has been proclaimed.
ٱلْأَجْنَبِيَّ تُطَالِبُ، وَأَمَّا مَا كَانَ لَكَ عِنْدَ أَخِيكَ فَتُبْرِئُهُ يَدُكَ مِنْهُ. ٣ 3
From a foreigner you may demand it; but whatever of yours is with your brother your hand must release.
إِلَّا إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ فِيكَ فَقِيرٌ. لِأَنَّ ٱلرَّبَّ إِنَّمَا يُبَارِكُكَ فِي ٱلْأَرْضِ ٱلَّتِي يُعْطِيكَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ نَصِيبًا لِتَمْتَلِكَهَا. ٤ 4
However, there should be no poor among you (for Yahweh will surely bless you in the land that he gives you as an inheritance to possess),
إِذَا سَمِعْتَ صَوْتَ ٱلرَّبِّ إِلَهِكَ لِتَحْفَظَ وَتَعْمَلَ كُلَّ هَذِهِ ٱلْوَصَايَا ٱلَّتِي أَنَا أُوصِيكَ ٱلْيَوْمَ، ٥ 5
if only you diligently listen to the voice of Yahweh your God, to keep all these commandments that I am commanding you today.
يُبَارِكُكَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ كَمَا قَالَ لَكَ. فَتُقْرِضُ أُمَمًا كَثِيرَةً وَأَنْتَ لَا تَقْتَرِضُ، وَتَتَسَلَّطُ عَلَى أُمَمٍ كَثِيرَةٍ وَهُمْ عَلَيْكَ لَا يَتَسَلَّطُونَ. ٦ 6
For Yahweh your God will bless you, as he promised you; you will lend to many nations, but you will not borrow; you will rule over many nations, but they will not rule over you.
«إِنْ كَانَ فِيكَ فَقِيرٌ، أَحَدٌ مِنْ إِخْوَتِكَ فِي أَحَدِ أَبْوَابِكَ فِي أَرْضِكَ ٱلَّتِي يُعْطِيكَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ، فَلَا تُقَسِّ قَلْبَكَ، وَلَا تَقْبِضْ يَدَكَ عَنْ أَخِيكَ ٱلْفَقِيرِ، ٧ 7
If there is a poor man among you, one of your brothers, within any of your gates in your land that Yahweh your God is giving you, you must not harden your heart nor shut your hand from your poor brother;
بَلِ ٱفْتَحْ يَدَكَ لَهُ وَأَقْرِضْهُ مِقْدَارَ مَا يَحْتَاجُ إِلَيْهِ. ٨ 8
but you must surely open your hand to him and surely lend him sufficient for his need.
ٱحْتَرِزْ مِنْ أَنْ يَكُونَ مَعَ قَلْبِكَ كَلَامٌ لَئِيمٌ قَائِلًا: قَدْ قَرُبَتِ ٱلسَّنَةُ ٱلسَّابِعَةُ، سَنَةُ ٱلْإِبْرَاءِ، وَتَسُوءُ عَيْنُكَ بِأَخِيكَ ٱلْفَقِيرِ وَلَا تُعْطِيهِ، فَيَصْرُخَ عَلَيْكَ إِلَى ٱلرَّبِّ فَتَكُونُ عَلَيْكَ خَطِيَّةٌ. ٩ 9
Be careful not to have a wicked thought in your heart, saying, 'The seventh year, the year of release, is near,' so that you will not be stingy in regard to your poor brother and give him nothing; he might cry out to Yahweh about you, and it would be sin for you.
أَعْطِهِ وَلَا يَسُوءْ قَلْبُكَ عِنْدَمَا تُعْطِيهِ، لِأَنَّهُ بِسَبَبِ هَذَا ٱلْأَمْرِ يُبَارِكُكَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ فِي كُلِّ أَعْمَالِكَ وَجَمِيعِ مَا تَمْتَدُّ إِلَيْهِ يَدُكَ. ١٠ 10
You must surely give to him, and your heart must not be sorry when you give to him, because in return for this Yahweh your God will bless you in all your work and in all that you put your hand to.
لِأَنَّهُ لَا تُفْقَدُ ٱلْفُقَرَاءُ مِنَ ٱلْأَرْضِ. لِذَلِكَ أَنَا أُوصِيكَ قَائِلًا: ٱفْتَحْ يَدَكَ لِأَخِيكَ ٱلْمِسْكِينِ وَٱلْفَقِيرِ فِي أَرْضِكَ. ١١ 11
For the poor will never cease to exist in the land; therefore I command you and say, 'You must surely open your hand to your brother, to your needy, and to your poor in your land.'
«إِذَا بِيعَ لَكَ أَخُوكَ ٱلْعِبْرَانِيُّ أَوْ أُخْتُكَ ٱلْعِبْرَانِيَّةُ وَخَدَمَكَ سِتَّ سِنِينَ، فَفِي ٱلسَّنَةِ ٱلسَّابِعَةِ تُطْلِقُهُ حُرًّا مِنْ عِنْدِكَ. ١٢ 12
If your brother, a Hebrew man, or a Hebrew woman, is sold to you and serves you for six years, then in the seventh year you must let him go free from you.
وَحِينَ تُطْلِقُهُ حُرًّا مِنْ عِنْدِكَ لَا تُطْلِقُهُ فَارِغًا. ١٣ 13
When you let him go free from you, you must not let him go empty-handed.
تُزَوِّدُهُ مِنْ غَنَمِكَ وَمِنْ بَيْدَرِكَ وَمِنْ مَعْصَرَتِكَ. كَمَا بَارَكَكَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ تُعْطِيهِ. ١٤ 14
You must liberally provide for him out of your flock, out of your threshing floor, and out of your winepress. As Yahweh your God has blessed you, you must give to him.
وَٱذْكُرْ أَنَّكَ كُنْتَ عَبْدًا فِي أَرْضِ مِصْرَ، فَفَدَاكَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ. لِذَلِكَ أَنَا أُوصِيكَ بِهَذَا ٱلْأَمْرِ ٱلْيَوْمَ. ١٥ 15
You must remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and that Yahweh your God redeemed you; therefore I am commanding you today to do this.
وَلَكِنْ إِذَا قَالَ لَكَ: لَا أَخْرُجُ مِنْ عِنْدِكَ. لِأَنَّهُ قَدْ أَحَبَّكَ وَبَيْتَكَ، إِذْ كَانَ لَهُ خَيْرٌ عِنْدَكَ، ١٦ 16
It will happen that if he says to you, 'I will not go away from you,' because he loves you and your house, and because he is well off with you,
فَخُذِ ٱلْمِخْرَزَ وَٱجْعَلْهُ فِي أُذُنِهِ وَفِي ٱلْبَابِ، فَيَكُونَ لَكَ عَبْدًا مُؤَبَّدًا. وَهَكَذَا تَفْعَلُ لِأَمَتِكَ أَيْضًا. ١٧ 17
then you must take an awl and thrust it through his ear to a door, and he will be your servant for life. You must do the same with your female servant.
لَا يَصْعُبْ عَلَيْكَ أَنْ تُطْلِقَهُ حُرًّا مِنْ عِنْدِكَ، لِأَنَّهُ ضِعْفَيْ أُجْرَةِ ٱلْأَجِيرِ خَدَمَكَ سِتَّ سِنِينَ. فَيُبَارِكُكَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ فِي كُلِّ مَا تَعْمَلُ. ١٨ 18
It must not seem difficult for you to let him go free from you, because he has served you for six years and given twice the value of a hired person. Yahweh your God will bless you in all that you do.
«كُلُّ بِكْرٍ ذَكَرٍ يُولَدُ مِنْ بَقَرِكَ وَمِنْ غَنَمِكَ تُقَدِّسُهُ لِلرَّبِّ إِلَهِكَ. لَا تَشْتَغِلْ عَلَى بِكْرِ بَقَرِكَ وَلَا تَجُزَّ بِكْرَ غَنَمِكَ. ١٩ 19
All the firstborn males in your herd and your flock you must set apart to Yahweh your God. You will do no work with the firstborn of your herd, nor shear the firstborn of your flock.
أَمَامَ ٱلرَّبِّ إِلَهِكَ تَأْكُلُهُ سَنَةً بِسَنَةٍ، فِي ٱلْمَكَانِ ٱلَّذِي يَخْتَارُهُ ٱلرَّبُّ، أَنْتَ وَبَيْتُكَ. ٢٠ 20
You must eat the firstborn before Yahweh your God year by year in the place that Yahweh will choose, you and your household.
وَلَكِنْ إِذَا كَانَ فِيهِ عَيْبٌ، عَرَجٌ أَوْ عَمًى، عَيْبٌ مَّا رَدِيءٌ، فَلَا تَذْبَحْهُ لِلرَّبِّ إِلَهِكَ. ٢١ 21
If it has any blemish—for example, if it is lame or blind, or has any blemish whatever—you must not sacrifice it to Yahweh your God.
فِي أَبْوَابِكَ تَأْكُلُهُ. ٱلنَّجِسُ وَٱلطَّاهِرُ سَوَاءً كَٱلظَّبْيِ وَٱلْأُيَّلِ. ٢٢ 22
You will eat it within your gates; the unclean and the clean persons alike must eat it, as you would eat a gazelle or a deer.
وَأَمَّا دَمُهُ فَلَا تَأْكُلُهُ. عَلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ تَسْفِكُهُ كَٱلْمَاءِ. ٢٣ 23
Only you must not eat its blood; you must pour its blood out on the ground like water.