اَلتَّثْنِيَة 1

هَذَا هُوَ ٱلْكَلَامُ ٱلَّذِي كَلَّمَ بِهِ مُوسَى جَمِيعَ إِسْرَائِيلَ فِي عَبْرِ ٱلْأُرْدُنِّ، فِي ٱلْبَرِّيَّةِ فِي ٱلْعَرَبَةِ، قُبَالَةَ سُوفَ، بَيْنَ فَارَانَ وَتُوفَلَ وَلَابَانَ وَحَضَيْرُوتَ وَذِي ذَهَبٍ. ١ 1
These are the words that Moses spoke to all Israel beyond the Jordan in the wilderness, in the plain of the Jordan River valley over against Suph, between Paran, Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth, and Dizahab.
أَحَدَ عَشَرَ يَوْمًا مِنْ حُورِيبَ عَلَى طَرِيقِ جَبَلِ سِعِيرَ إِلَى قَادَشَ بَرْنِيعَ. ٢ 2
It is eleven days' journey from Horeb by the way of Mount Seir to Kadesh Barnea.
فَفِي ٱلسَّنَةِ ٱلْأَرْبَعِينَ، فِي ٱلشَّهْرِ ٱلْحَادِي عَشَرَ فِي ٱلْأَوَّلِ مِنَ ٱلشَّهْرِ، كَلَّمَ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ حَسَبَ كُلِّ مَا أَوْصَاهُ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَيْهِمْ. ٣ 3
It happened in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day of the month, that Moses spoke to the people of Israel, telling them all that Yahweh commanded him concerning them.
بَعْدَ مَا ضَرَبَ سِيحُونَ مَلِكَ ٱلْأَمُورِيِّينَ ٱلسَّاكِنَ فِي حَشْبُونَ، وَعُوجَ مَلِكَ بَاشَانَ ٱلسَّاكِنَ فِي عَشْتَارُوثَ فِي إِذْرَعِي. ٤ 4
This was after Yahweh had attacked Sihon the king of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, who lived in Ashtaroth at Edrei.
فِي عَبْرِ ٱلْأُرْدُنِّ، فِي أَرْضِ مُوآبَ، ٱبْتَدَأَ مُوسَى يَشْرَحُ هَذِهِ ٱلشَّرِيعَةَ قَائِلًا: ٥ 5
Beyond the Jordan, in the land of Moab, Moses began to announce these instructions, saying,
«اَلرَّبُّ إِلَهُنَا كَلَّمَنَا فِي حُورِيبَ قَائِلًا: كَفَاكُمْ قُعُودٌ فِي هَذَا ٱلْجَبَلِ، ٦ 6
“Yahweh our God spoke to us at Horeb, saying, 'You have lived long enough in this hill country.
تَحَوَّلُوا وَٱرْتَحِلُوا وَٱدْخُلُوا جَبَلَ ٱلْأَمُورِيِّينَ وَكُلَّ مَا يَلِيهِ مِنَ ٱلْعَرَبَةِ وَٱلْجَبَلِ وَٱلسَّهْلِ وَٱلْجَنُوبِ وَسَاحِلِ ٱلْبَحْرِ، أَرْضَ ٱلْكَنْعَانِيِّ وَلُبْنَانَ إِلَى ٱلنَّهْرِ ٱلْكَبِيرِ، نَهْرِ ٱلْفُرَاتِ. ٧ 7
Turn and take your journey, and go to the hill country of the Amorites and to all the places near there in the plain of the Jordan River valley, in the hill country, in the lowland, in the Negev, and by the seashore—the land of the Canaanites, and in Lebanon as far as the great river, the Euphrates.
اُنْظُرْ. قَدْ جَعَلْتُ أَمَامَكُمُ ٱلْأَرْضَ. ٱدْخُلُوا وَتَمَلَّكُوا ٱلْأَرْضَ ٱلَّتِي أَقْسَمَ ٱلرَّبُّ لِآبَائِكُمْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ أَنْ يُعْطِيَهَا لَهُمْ وَلِنَسْلِهِمْ مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ. ٨ 8
Look, I have set the land before you; go in and possess the land that Yahweh swore to your fathers—to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob—to give to them and to their descendants after them.'
«وَكَلَّمْتُكُمْ فِي ذَلِكَ ٱلْوَقْتِ قَائِلًا: لَا أَقْدِرُ وَحْدِي أَنْ أَحْمِلَكُمْ. ٩ 9
I spoke to you at that time, saying, 'I am not able to carry you myself alone.
اَلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكُمْ قَدْ كَثَّرَكُمْ. وَهُوَذَا أَنْتُمُ ٱلْيَوْمَ كَنُجُومِ ٱلسَّمَاءِ فِي ٱلْكَثْرَةِ. ١٠ 10
Yahweh your God has multiplied you, and, look, you are today as the multitude of the stars of heaven.
ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُ آبَائِكُمْ يَزِيدُ عَلَيْكُمْ مِثْلَكُمْ أَلْفَ مَرَّةٍ، وَيُبَارِكُكُمْ كَمَا كَلَّمَكُمْ. ١١ 11
May Yahweh, the God of your fathers, make you a thousand times as many as you are, and bless you, as he has promised you!
كَيْفَ أَحْمِلُ وَحْدِي ثِقْلَكُمْ وَحِمْلَكُمْ وَخُصُومَتَكُمْ؟ ١٢ 12
But how can I myself alone carry your loads, your burdens, and your disputes?
هَاتُوا مِنْ أَسْبَاطِكُمْ رِجَالًا حُكَمَاءَ وَعُقَلَاءَ وَمَعْرُوفِينَ، فَأَجْعَلُهُمْ رُؤُوسَكُمْ. ١٣ 13
Take wise men, understanding men, and men of good repute from each tribe, and I will make them heads over you.'
فَأَجَبْتُمُونِي وَقُلْتُمْ: حَسَنٌ ٱلْأَمْرُ ٱلَّذِي تَكَلَّمْتَ بِهِ أَنْ يُعْمَلَ. ١٤ 14
You answered me and said, 'The thing that you have spoken is good for us to do.'
فَأَخَذْتُ رُؤُوسَ أَسْبَاطِكُمْ رِجَالًا حُكَمَاءَ وَمَعْرُوفِينَ، وَجَعَلْتُهُمْ رُؤُوسًا عَلَيْكُمْ، رُؤَسَاءَ أُلُوفٍ، وَرُؤَسَاءَ مِئَاتٍ، وَرُؤَسَاءَ خَمَاسِينَ، وَرُؤَسَاءَ عَشَرَاتٍ، وَعُرَفَاءَ لِأَسْبَاطِكُمْ. ١٥ 15
So I took the heads of your tribes, wise men, and men of good repute, and made them heads over you, captains of thousands, captains of hundreds, captains of fifties, captains of tens, and officers, tribe by tribe.
وَأَمَرْتُ قُضَاتَكُمْ فِي ذَلِكَ ٱلْوَقْتِ قَائِلًا: ٱسْمَعُوا بَيْنَ إِخْوَتِكُمْ وَٱقْضُوا بِٱلْحَقِّ بَيْنَ ٱلْإِنْسَانِ وَأَخِيهِ وَنَزِيلِهِ. ١٦ 16
I commanded your judges at that time, saying, 'Hear the disputes between your brothers, and judge righteously between a man and his brother, and the foreigner who is with him.
لَا تَنْظُرُوا إِلَى ٱلْوُجُوهِ فِي ٱلْقَضَاءِ. لِلصَّغِيرِ كَٱلْكَبِيرِ تَسْمَعُونَ. لَا تَهَابُوا وَجْهَ إِنْسَانٍ لِأَنَّ ٱلْقَضَاءَ لِلهِ. وَٱلْأَمْرُ ٱلَّذِي يَعْسُرُ عَلَيْكُمْ تُقَدِّمُونَهُ إِلَيَّ لِأَسْمَعَهُ. ١٧ 17
You will not show partiality to anyone in a dispute; you will hear the small and the great alike. You will not be afraid of the face of man, for the judgment is God's. The dispute that is too hard for you, you will bring to me, and I will hear it.'
وَأَمَرْتُكُمْ فِي ذَلِكَ ٱلْوَقْتِ بِكُلِّ ٱلْأُمُورِ ٱلَّتِي تَعْمَلُونَهَا. ١٨ 18
I commanded you at that time all the things that you should do.
«ثُمَّ ٱرْتَحَلْنَا مِنْ حُورِيبَ، وَسَلَكْنَا كُلَّ ذَلِكَ ٱلْقَفْرِ ٱلْعَظِيمِ ٱلْمَخُوفِ ٱلَّذِي رَأَيْتُمْ فِي طَرِيقِ جَبَلِ ٱلْأَمُورِيِّينَ، كَمَا أَمَرَنَا ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُنَا. وَجِئْنَا إِلَى قَادَشَ بَرْنِيعَ. ١٩ 19
We journeyed away from Horeb and went through all that great and terrible wilderness that you saw, on our way to the hill country of the Amorites, as Yahweh our God had commanded us; and we came to Kadesh Barnea.
فَقُلْتُ لَكُمْ: قَدْ جِئْتُمْ إِلَى جَبَلِ ٱلْأَمُورِيِّينَ ٱلَّذِي أَعْطَانَا ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُنَا. ٢٠ 20
I said to you, 'You have come to the hill country of the Amorites, which Yahweh our God is giving to us.
اُنْظُرْ. قَدْ جَعَلَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ ٱلْأَرْضَ أَمَامَكَ. ٱصْعَدْ تَمَلَّكْ كَمَا كَلَّمَكَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُ آبَائِكَ. لَا تَخَفْ وَلَا تَرْتَعِبْ. ٢١ 21
Look, Yahweh your God has set the land before you; go up, take possession, as Yahweh, the God of your fathers, has spoken to you; do not be afraid, neither be discouraged.'
فَتَقَدَّمْتُمْ إِلَيَّ جَمِيعُكُمْ وَقُلْتُمْ: دَعْنَا نُرْسِلْ رِجَالًا قُدَّامَنَا لِيَتَجَسَّسُوا لَنَا ٱلْأَرْضَ، وَيَرُدُّوا إِلَيْنَا خَبَرًا عَنِ ٱلطَّرِيقِ ٱلَّتِي نَصْعَدُ فِيهَا وَٱلْمُدُنِ ٱلَّتِي نَأْتِي إِلَيْهَا. ٢٢ 22
Every one of you came to me and said, 'Let us send men ahead of us, so that they may search out the land for us, and bring us word about the way by which we should attack, and about the cities to which we will come.'
فَحَسُنَ ٱلْكَلَامُ لَدَيَّ، فَأَخَذْتُ مِنْكُمُ ٱثْنَيْ عَشَرَ رَجُلًا. رَجُلًا وَاحِدًا مِنْ كُلِّ سِبْطٍ. ٢٣ 23
The advice pleased me well; I took twelve men of you, one man for every tribe.
فَٱنْصَرَفُوا وَصَعِدُوا إِلَى ٱلْجَبَلِ وَأَتَوْا إِلَى وَادِي أَشْكُولَ وَتَجَسَّسُوهُ، ٢٤ 24
They turned and went up into the hill country, came to the Valley of Eshkol, and scouted it.
وَأَخَذُوا فِي أَيْدِيهِمْ مِنْ أَثْمَارِ ٱلْأَرْضِ وَنَزَلُوا بِهِ إِلَيْنَا، وَرَدُّوا لَنَا خَبَرًا وَقَالُوا: جَيِّدَةٌ هِيَ ٱلْأَرْضُ ٱلَّتِي أَعْطَانَا ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُنَا. ٢٥ 25
They took some of the produce of the land in their hands and brought it down to us. They also brought us word and said, 'It is a good land that Yahweh our God is giving to us.'
«لَكِنَّكُمْ لَمْ تَشَاءُوا أَنْ تَصْعَدُوا، وَعَصَيْتُمْ قَوْلَ ٱلرَّبِّ إِلَهِكُمْ، ٢٦ 26
Yet you refused to attack, but rebelled against the commandment of Yahweh your God.
وَتَمَرْمَرْتُمْ فِي خِيَامِكُمْ وَقُلْتُمُ: ٱلرَّبُّ بِسَبَبِ بُغْضَتِهِ لَنَا، قَدْ أَخْرَجَنَا مِنْ أَرْضِ مِصْرَ لِيَدْفَعَنَا إِلَى أَيْدِي ٱلْأَمُورِيِّينَ لِكَيْ يُهْلِكَنَا. ٢٧ 27
You complained in your tents and said, “It is because Yahweh hated us that he has brought us out of the land of Egypt, to give us into the hand of the Amorites to destroy us.
إِلَى أَيْنَ نَحْنُ صَاعِدُونَ؟ قَدْ أَذَابَ إِخْوَتُنَا قُلُوبَنَا قَائِلِينَ: شَعْبٌ أَعْظَمُ وَأَطْوَلُ مِنَّا. مُدُنٌ عَظِيمَةٌ مُحَصَّنَةٌ إِلَى ٱلسَّمَاءِ، وَأَيْضًا قَدْ رَأَيْنَا بَنِي عَنَاقَ هُنَاكَ. ٢٨ 28
Where can we go now? Our brothers have made our heart to melt, saying, 'Those people are bigger and taller than we are; their cities are large and are fortified up to the heavens; moreover, we have seen the sons of the Anakim there.'”
فَقُلْتُ لَكُمْ: لَا تَرْهَبُوا وَلَا تَخَافُوا مِنْهُمُ. ٢٩ 29
Then I said to you, 'Do not be terrified, neither be afraid of them.
ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكُمُ ٱلسَّائِرُ أَمَامَكُمْ هُوَ يُحَارِبُ عَنْكُمْ حَسَبَ كُلِّ مَا فَعَلَ مَعَكُمْ فِي مِصْرَ أَمَامَ أَعْيُنِكُمْ ٣٠ 30
Yahweh your God, who goes before you, he will fight for you, like everything that he did for you in Egypt before your eyes,
وَفِي ٱلْبَرِّيَّةِ، حَيْثُ رَأَيْتَ كَيْفَ حَمَلَكَ ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُكَ كَمَا يَحْمِلُ ٱلْإِنْسَانُ ٱبْنَهُ فِي كُلِّ ٱلطَّرِيقِ ٱلَّتِي سَلَكْتُمُوهَا حَتَّى جِئْتُمْ إِلَى هَذَا ٱلْمَكَانِ. ٣١ 31
and also in the wilderness, where you have seen how Yahweh your God carried you, as a man carries his son, everywhere you went until you came to this place.'
وَلَكِنْ فِي هَذَا ٱلْأَمْرِ لَسْتُمْ وَاثِقِينَ بِٱلرَّبِّ إِلَهِكُمُ ٣٢ 32
Yet in spite of this word you did not believe Yahweh your God,
ٱلسَّائِرِ أَمَامَكُمْ فِي ٱلطَّرِيقِ، لِيَلْتَمِسَ لَكُمْ مَكَانًا لِنُزُولِكُمْ، فِي نَارٍ لَيْلًا لِيُرِيَكُمُ ٱلطَّرِيقَ ٱلَّتِي تَسِيرُونَ فِيهَا، وَفِي سَحَابٍ نَهَارًا. ٣٣ 33
who went before you on the way to find a place for you to make camp, in fire by night and in a cloud by day.
وَسَمِعَ ٱلرَّبُّ صَوْتَ كَلَامِكُمْ فَسَخِطَ وَأَقْسَمَ قَائِلًا: ٣٤ 34
Yahweh heard the sound of your words and was angry; he swore and said,
لَنْ يَرَى إِنْسَانٌ مِنْ هَؤُلَاءِ ٱلنَّاسِ، مِنْ هَذَا ٱلْجِيلِ ٱلشِّرِّيرِ، ٱلْأَرْضَ ٱلْجَيِّدَةَ ٱلَّتِي أَقْسَمْتُ أَنْ أُعْطِيَهَا لِآبَائِكُمْ، ٣٥ 35
'Surely not one of these men of this evil generation will see the good land that I swore to give to your ancestors,
مَا عَدَا كَالِبَ بْنَ يَفُنَّةَ. هُوَ يَرَاهَا، وَلَهُ أُعْطِي ٱلْأَرْضَ ٱلَّتِي وَطِئَهَا، وَلِبَنِيهِ، لِأَنَّهُ قَدِ ٱتَّبَعَ ٱلرَّبَّ تَمَامًا. ٣٦ 36
save Caleb son of Jephunneh; he will see it. To him I will give the land that he has stepped on, and to his children, because he has wholly followed Yahweh.'
وَعَلَيَّ أَيْضًا غَضِبَ ٱلرَّبُّ بِسَبَبِكُمْ قَائِلًا: وَأَنْتَ أَيْضًا لَا تَدْخُلُ إِلَى هُنَاكَ. ٣٧ 37
Also Yahweh was angry with me because of you, saying, 'You also will not go in there;
يَشُوعُ بْنُ نُونَ ٱلْوَاقِفُ أَمَامَكَ هُوَ يَدْخُلُ إِلَى هُنَاكَ. شَدِّدْهُ لِأَنَّهُ هُوَ يَقْسِمُهَا لِإِسْرَائِيلَ. ٣٨ 38
Joshua son of Nun, who stands before you, he will go in there; encourage him, for he will lead Israel to inherit it.
وَأَمَّا أَطْفَالُكُمُ ٱلَّذِينَ قُلْتُمْ يَكُونُونَ غَنِيمَةً، وَبَنُوكُمُ ٱلَّذِينَ لَمْ يَعْرِفُوا ٱلْيَوْمَ ٱلْخَيْرَ وَٱلشَّرَّ فَهُمْ يَدْخُلُونَ إِلَى هُنَاكَ، وَلَهُمْ أُعْطِيهَا وَهُمْ يَمْلِكُونَهَا. ٣٩ 39
Moreover, your little children, the ones you said would be victims, who today have no knowledge of good or evil—they will go in there. To them I will give it, and they will possess it.
وَأَمَّا أَنْتُمْ فَتَحَوَّلُوا وَٱرْتَحِلُوا إِلَى ٱلْبَرِّيَّةِ عَلَى طَرِيقِ بَحْرِ سُوفَ. ٤٠ 40
But as for you, turn and take your journey into the wilderness along the way to the Sea of Reeds.'
«فَأَجَبْتُمْ وَقُلْتُمْ لِي: قَدْ أَخْطَأْنَا إِلَى ٱلرَّبِّ. نَحْنُ نَصْعَدُ وَنُحَارِبُ حَسَبَ كُلِّ مَا أَمَرَنَا ٱلرَّبُّ إِلَهُنَا. وَتَنَطَّقْتُمْ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ بِعُدَّةِ حَرْبِهِ، وَٱسْتَخْفَفْتُمُ ٱلصُّعُوْدَ إِلَى ٱلْجَبَلِ. ٤١ 41
Then you answered and said to me, 'We have sinned against Yahweh; we will go up and fight, and we will follow all that Yahweh our God has commanded us to do.' Every man among you put on his weapons of war, and you were ready to attack the hill country.
فَقَالَ ٱلرَّبُّ لِي: قُلْ لَهُمْ: لَا تَصْعَدُوا وَلَا تُحَارِبُوا، لِأَنِّي لَسْتُ فِي وَسَطِكُمْ لِئَلَّا تَنْكَسِرُوا أَمَامَ أَعْدَائِكُمْ. ٤٢ 42
Yahweh said to me, 'Say to them, “Do not attack and do not fight, for I will not be with you, and you will be defeated by your enemies.'
فَكَلَّمْتُكُمْ وَلَمْ تَسْمَعُوا بَلْ عَصَيْتُمْ قَوْلَ ٱلرَّبِّ وَطَغَيْتُمْ، وَصَعِدْتُمْ إِلَى ٱلْجَبَلِ. ٤٣ 43
I spoke to you in this way, but you did not listen. You rebelled against the commandment of Yahweh; you were arrogant and attacked the hill country.
فَخَرَجَ ٱلْأَمُورِيُّونَ ٱلسَّاكِنُونَ فِي ذَلِكَ ٱلْجَبَلِ لِلِقَائِكُمْ وَطَرَدُوكُمْ كَمَا يَفْعَلُ ٱلنَّحْلُ، وَكَسَرُوكُمْ فِي سِعِيرَ إِلَى حُرْمَةَ. ٤٤ 44
But the Amorites, who lived in that hill country, came out against you and chased you like bees, and struck you down in Seir, as far as Hormah.
فَرَجَعْتُمْ وَبَكَيْتُمْ أَمَامَ ٱلرَّبِّ، وَلَمْ يَسْمَعِ ٱلرَّبُّ لِصَوْتِكُمْ وَلَا أَصْغَى إِلَيْكُمْ. ٤٥ 45
You returned and wept before Yahweh; but Yahweh did not listen to your voice, nor did he pay attention to you.
وَقَعَدْتُمْ فِي قَادَشَ أَيَّامًا كَثِيرَةً كَٱلْأَيَّامِ ٱلَّتِي قَعَدْتُمْ فِيهَا. ٤٦ 46
So you stayed in Kadesh many days, all the days that you stayed there.