صَمُوئِيلَ ٱلْأَوَّلُ 18

وَكَانَ لَمَّا فَرَغَ مِنَ ٱلْكَلَامِ مَعَ شَاوُلَ أَنَّ نَفْسَ يُونَاثَانَ تَعَلَّقَتْ بِنَفْسِ دَاوُدَ، وَأَحَبَّهُ يُونَاثَانُ كَنَفْسِهِ. ١ 1
When he had finished speaking to Saul, the soul of Jonathan was bound to the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul.
فَأَخَذَهُ شَاوُلُ فِي ذَلِكَ ٱلْيَوْمِ وَلَمْ يَدَعْهُ يَرْجِعُ إِلَى بَيْتِ أَبِيهِ. ٢ 2
Saul took David into his service that day; he did not let him return to his father's house.
وَقَطَعَ يُونَاثَانُ وَدَاوُدُ عَهْدًا لِأَنَّهُ أَحَبَّهُ كَنَفْسِهِ. ٣ 3
Then Jonathan and David made a covenant of friendship because Jonathan loved him as his own soul.
وَخَلَعَ يُونَاثَانُ ٱلْجُبَّةَ ٱلَّتِي عَلَيْهِ وَأَعْطَاهَا لِدَاوُدَ مَعَ ثِيَابِهِ وَسَيْفِهِ وَقَوْسِهِ وَمِنْطَقَتِهِ. ٤ 4
Jonathan took off the robe that he was wearing and gave it to David with his armor, as well as his sword, bow, and belt.
وَكَانَ دَاوُدُ يَخْرُجُ إِلَى حَيْثُمَا أَرْسَلَهُ شَاوُلُ. كَانَ يُفْلِحُ. فَجَعَلَهُ شَاوُلُ عَلَى رِجَالِ ٱلْحَرْبِ. وَحَسُنَ فِي أَعْيُنِ جَمِيعِ ٱلشَّعْبِ وَفِي أَعْيُنِ عَبِيدِ شَاوُلَ أَيْضًا. ٥ 5
David went out wherever Saul sent him, and he succeeded. Saul set him over the men of war. This was pleasing in the eyes of all the people and also in the sight of Saul's servants.
وَكَانَ عِنْدَ مَجِيئِهِمْ حِينَ رَجَعَ دَاوُدُ مِنْ قَتْلِ ٱلْفِلِسْطِينِيِّ، أَنَّ ٱلنِّسَاءَ خَرَجَتْ مِنْ جَمِيعِ مُدُنِ إِسْرَائِيلَ بِٱلْغِنَاءِ وَٱلرَّقْصِ لِلِقَاءِ شَاوُلَ ٱلْمَلِكِ بِدُفُوفٍ وَبِفَرَحٍ وَبِمُثَلَّثَاتٍ. ٦ 6
As they came home from defeating the Philistines, the women came from all the cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet King Saul, with tambourines, with joy, and with musical instruments.
فَأَجَابَتِ ٱلنِّسَاءُ ٱللَّاعِبَاتُ وَقُلْنَ: «ضَرَبَ شَاوُلُ أُلُوفَهُ وَدَاوُدُ رِبْوَاتِهِ. ٧ 7
The women sang one to another as they played. They sang: “Saul has killed his thousands, and David his ten thousands.”
فَٱحْتَمى شَاوُلُ جِدًّا وَسَاءَ هَذَا ٱلْكَلَامُ فِي عَيْنَيْهِ، وَقَالَ: «أَعْطَيْنَ دَاوُدَ رِبْوَاتٍ وَأَمَّا أَنَا فَأَعْطَيْنَنِي ٱلْأُلُوفَ! وَبَعْدُ فَقَطْ تَبْقَى لَهُ ٱلْمَمْلَكَةُ». ٨ 8
Saul was very angry, and this song displeased him. He said, “They have ascribed to David ten thousands, but they have ascribed only thousands to me. What more can he have but the monarchy?”
فَكَانَ شَاوُلُ يُعَايِنُ دَاوُدَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ ٱلْيَوْمِ فَصَاعِدًا. ٩ 9
Saul looked at David with suspicion from that day on.
وَكَانَ فِي ٱلْغَدِ أَنَّ ٱلرُّوحَ ٱلرَّدِيءَ مِنْ قِبَلِ ٱللهِ ٱقْتَحَمَ شَاوُلَ وَجُنَّ فِي وَسَطِ ٱلْبَيْتِ. وَكَانَ دَاوُدُ يَضْرِبُ بِيَدِهِ كَمَا فِي يَوْمٍ فَيَوْمٍ، وَكَانَ ٱلرُّمْحُ بِيَدِ شَاوُلَ. ١٠ 10
The next day a harmful spirit from God rushed upon Saul and he raved within the house. So David played his instrument, as he did each day. Saul had a spear in his hand.
فَأَشْرَعَ شَاوُلُ ٱلرُّمْحَ وَقَالَ: «أَضْرِبُ دَاوُدَ حَتَّى إِلَى ٱلْحَائِطِ». فَتَحَوَّلَ دَاوُدُ مِنْ أَمَامِهِ مَرَّتَيْنِ. ١١ 11
Saul threw the spear, for he thought, “I will pin David to the wall.” But David escaped from Saul's presence twice in this way.
وَكَانَ شَاوُلُ يَخَافُ دَاوُدَ لِأَنَّ ٱلرَّبَّ كَانَ مَعَهُ، وَقَدْ فَارَقَ شَاوُلَ. ١٢ 12
Saul was afraid of David, because Yahweh was with him, but was no longer with Saul.
فَأَبْعَدَهُ شَاوُلُ عَنْهُ وَجَعَلَهُ لَهُ رَئِيسَ أَلْفٍ، فَكَانَ يَخْرُجُ وَيَدْخُلُ أَمَامَ ٱلشَّعْبِ. ١٣ 13
So Saul removed him from his presence and appointed him a commander of a thousand. In this way David went out and came in before the people.
وَكَانَ دَاوُدُ مُفْلِحًا فِي جَمِيعِ طُرُقِهِ وَٱلرَّبُّ مَعَهُ. ١٤ 14
David was prospering in all his ways, for Yahweh was with him.
فَلَمَّا رَأَى شَاوُلُ أَنَّهُ مُفْلِحٌ جِدًّا فَزِعَ مِنْهُ. ١٥ 15
When Saul saw that he prospered, he stood in awe of him.
وَكَانَ جَمِيعُ إِسْرَائِيلَ وَيَهُوذَا يُحِبُّونَ دَاوُدَ لِأَنَّهُ كَانَ يَخْرُجُ وَيَدْخُلُ أَمَامَهُمْ. ١٦ 16
But all Israel and Judah loved David, for he went out and came in before them.
وَقَالَ شَاوُلُ لِدَاوُدَ: «هُوَذَا ٱبْنَتِي ٱلْكَبِيرَةُ مَيْرَبُ أُعْطِيكَ إِيَّاهَا ٱمْرَأَةً. إِنَّمَا كُنْ لِي ذَا بَأْسٍ وَحَارِبْ حُرُوبَ ٱلرَّبِّ». فَإِنَّ شَاوُلَ قَالَ: «لَا تَكُنْ يَدِي عَلَيْهِ، بَلْ لِتَكُنْ عَلَيْهِ يَدُ ٱلْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ». ١٧ 17
Then Saul said to David, “Here is my oldest daughter Merab. I will give her to you as a wife. Only be courageous for me and fight Yahweh's battles.” For Saul thought, “Let not my hand be on him, but let the hand of the Philistines be on him.”
فَقَالَ دَاوُدُ لِشَاوُلَ: «مَنْ أَنَا، وَمَا هِيَ حَيَاتِي وَعَشِيرَةُ أَبِي فِي إِسْرَائِيلَ حَتَّى أَكُونَ صِهْرَ ٱلْمَلِكِ؟». ١٨ 18
David said to Saul, “Who am I, and who are my relatives, or my father's clan in Israel, that I should be son-in-law to the king?”
وَكَانَ فِي وَقْتِ إِعْطَاءِ مَيْرَبَ ٱبْنَةِ شَاوُلَ لِدَاوُدَ أَنَّهَا أُعْطِيَتْ لِعَدْرِيئِيلَ ٱلْمَحُولِيِّ ٱمْرَأَةً. ١٩ 19
But at the time when Merab, Saul's daughter, should have been given to David, she was given to Adriel the Meholathite as a wife.
وَمِيكَالُ ٱبْنَةُ شَاوُلَ أَحَبَّتْ دَاوُدَ، فَأَخْبَرُوا شَاوُلَ، فَحَسُنَ ٱلْأَمْرُ فِي عَيْنَيْهِ. ٢٠ 20
But Michal, Saul's daughter, loved David. They told Saul, and this pleased him.
وَقَالَ شَاوُلُ: «أُعْطِيهِ إِيَّاهَا فَتَكُونُ لَهُ شَرَكًا وَتَكُونُ يَدُ ٱلْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ عَلَيْهِ». وَقَالَ شَاوُلُ لِدَاوُدَ ثَانِيَةً: «تُصَاهِرُنِي ٱلْيَوْمَ». ٢١ 21
Then Saul thought, “I will give her to him, so that she can be a trap for him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him.” So Saul said to David a second time, “You will be my son-in-law.”
وَأَمَرَ شَاوُلُ عَبِيدَهُ: «تَكَلَّمُوا مَعَ دَاوُدَ سِرًّا قَائِلِينَ: هُوَذَا قَدْ سُرَّ بِكَ ٱلْمَلِكُ، وَجَمِيعُ عَبِيدِهِ قَدْ أَحَبُّوكَ. فَٱلْآنَ صَاهِرِ ٱلْمَلِكَ». ٢٢ 22
Saul commanded his servants, “Speak with David in private, and say, 'See, the king takes pleasure in you, and all his servants love you. Now then, become the king's son-in-law.'”
فَتَكَلَّمَ عَبِيدُ شَاوُلَ فِي أُذُنَيْ دَاوُدَ بِهَذَا ٱلْكَلَامِ. فَقَالَ دَاوُدُ: «هَلْ هُوَ مُسْتَخَفٌّ فِي أَعْيُنِكُمْ مُصَاهَرَةُ ٱلْمَلِكِ وَأَنَا رَجُلٌ مِسْكِينٌ وَحَقِيرٌ؟» ٢٣ 23
So Saul's servants spoke these words to David. Then David said, “Is it a small matter to you to be the king's son-in-law, since I am a poor man, and lightly esteemed?”
فَأَخْبَرَ شَاوُلَ عَبِيدُهُ قَائِلِينَ: «بِمِثْلِ هَذَا ٱلْكَلَامِ تَكَلَّمَ دَاوُدُ». ٢٤ 24
The servants of Saul reported to him the words which David spoke.
فَقَالَ شَاوُلُ: «هَكَذَا تَقُولُونَ لِدَاوُدَ: لَيْسَتْ مَسَرَّةُ ٱلْمَلِكِ بِٱلْمَهْرِ، بَلْ بِمِئَةِ غُلْفَةٍ مِنَ ٱلْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ لِلِٱنْتِقَامِ مِنْ أَعْدَاءِ ٱلْمَلِكِ». وَكَانَ شَاوُلُ يَتَفَكَّرُ أَنْ يُوقِعَ دَاوُدَ بِيَدِ ٱلْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ. ٢٥ 25
Then Saul said, “Say this to David, 'The king does not desire any price for the bride except a hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to be avenged from the king's enemies.'” Now Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines.
فَأَخْبَرَ عَبِيدُهُ دَاوُدَ بِهَذَا ٱلْكَلَامِ، فَحَسُنَ ٱلْكَلَامُ فِي عَيْنَيْ دَاوُدَ أَنْ يُصَاهِرَ ٱلْمَلِكَ. وَلَمْ تَكْمُلِ ٱلْأَيَّامُ ٢٦ 26
When his servants told David these words, it pleased David to be the king's son-in-law.
حَتَّى قَامَ دَاوُدُ وَذَهَبَ هُوَ وَرِجَالُهُ وَقَتَلَ مِنَ ٱلْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ مِئَتَيْ رَجُلٍ، وَأَتَى دَاوُدُ بِغُلَفِهِمْ فَأَكْمَلُوهَا لِلْمَلِكِ لِمُصَاهَرَةِ ٱلْمَلِكِ. فَأَعْطَاهُ شَاوُلُ مِيكَالَ ٱبْنَتَهُ ٱمْرَأَةً. ٢٧ 27
Before those days had expired, David went with his men and killed two hundred Philistines. David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full number to the king, so that he might be the king's son-in-law. So Saul gave him Michal his daughter as his wife.
فَرَأَى شَاوُلُ وَعَلِمَ أَنَّ ٱلرَّبَّ مَعَ دَاوُدَ. وَمِيكَالُ ٱبْنَةُ شَاوُلَ كَانَتْ تُحِبُّهُ. ٢٨ 28
When Saul saw, and he knew that Yahweh was with David, and that Michal, Saul's daughter, loved him,
وَعَادَ شَاوُلُ يَخَافُ دَاوُدَ بَعْدُ، وَصَارَ شَاوُلُ عَدُوًّا لِدَاوُدَ كُلَّ ٱلْأَيَّامِ. ٢٩ 29
Saul was even more afraid of David. Saul was continually David's enemy.
وَخَرَجَ أَقْطَابُ ٱلْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ. وَمِنْ حِينِ خُرُوجِهِمْ كَانَ دَاوُدُ يُفْلِحُ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ جَمِيعِ عَبِيدِ شَاوُلَ، فَتَوَقَّرَ ٱسْمُهُ جِدًّا. ٣٠ 30
Then the princes of the Philistines came out for battle, and as often as they came out, David succeeded more than all the servants of Saul, so that his name was highly regarded.