صَمُوئِيلَ ٱلْأَوَّلُ 13

كَانَ شَاوُلُ ٱبْنَ سَنَةٍ فِي مُلْكِهِ، وَمَلَكَ سَنَتَيْنِ عَلَى إِسْرَائِيلَ. ١ 1
Saul was thirty years old when he began to reign; when he had reigned forty years over Israel,
وَٱخْتَارَ شَاوُلُ لِنَفْسِهِ ثَلَاثَةَ آلَافٍ مِنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ، فَكَانَ أَلْفَانِ مَعَ شَاوُلَ فِي مِخْمَاسَ وَفِي جَبَلِ بَيْتِ إِيلَ، وَأَلْفٌ كَانَ مَعَ يُونَاثَانَ فِي جِبْعَةِ بَنْيَامِينَ. وَأَمَّا بَقِيَّةُ ٱلشَّعْبِ فَأَرْسَلَهُمْ كُلَّ وَاحِدٍ إِلَى خَيْمَتِهِ. ٢ 2
he chose three thousand men of Israel. Two thousand were with him in Michmash and in the hill country of Bethel, while a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. The rest of the soldiers he sent home, each man to his tent.
وَضَرَبَ يُونَاثَانُ نُصْبَ ٱلْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ ٱلَّذِي فِي جِبْعَ، فَسَمِعَ ٱلْفِلِسْطِينِيُّونَ. وَضَرَبَ شَاوُلُ بِٱلْبُوقِ فِي جَمِيعِ ٱلْأَرْضِ قَائِلًا: «لِيَسْمَعِ ٱلْعِبْرَانِيُّونَ». ٣ 3
Jonathan defeated the garrison of the Philistines that was at Geba and the Philistines heard of it. Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, “Let the Hebrews hear.”
فَسَمِعَ جَمِيعُ إِسْرَائِيلَ قَوْلًا: «قَدْ ضَرَبَ شَاوُلُ نُصْبَ ٱلْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ، وَأَيْضًا قَدْ أَنْتَنَ إِسْرَائِيلُ لَدَى ٱلْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ». فَٱجْتَمَعَ ٱلشَّعْبُ وَرَاءَ شَاوُلَ إِلَى ٱلْجِلْجَالِ. ٤ 4
All Israel heard that Saul had defeated the garrison of the Philistines, and also that Israel had become a rotten smell to the Philistines. Then the soldiers were summoned together to join Saul at Gilgal.
وَتَجَمَّعَ ٱلْفِلِسْطِينِيُّونَ لِمُحَارَبَةِ إِسْرَائِيلَ، ثَلَاثُونَ أَلْفَ مَرْكَبَةٍ، وَسِتَّةُ آلَافِ فَارِسٍ، وَشَعْبٌ كَٱلرَّمْلِ ٱلَّذِي عَلَى شَاطِئِ ٱلْبَحْرِ فِي ٱلْكَثْرَةِ. وَصَعِدُوا وَنَزَلُوا فِي مِخْمَاسَ شَرْقِيَّ بَيْتِ آوِنَ. ٥ 5
The Philistines gathered together to fight against Israel, with three thousand chariots, six thousand men to drive the chariots, and troops as numerous as the sand on the seashore. They came up and encamped at Michmash, east of Beth Aven.
وَلَمَّا رَأَى رِجَالُ إِسْرَائِيلَ أَنَّهُمْ فِي ضَنْكٍ، لِأَنَّ ٱلشَّعْبَ تَضَايَقَ، ٱخْتَبَأَ ٱلشَّعْبُ فِي ٱلْمَغَايِرِ وَٱلْغِيَاضِ وَٱلصُّخُورِ وَٱلصُّرُوحِ وَٱلْآبَارِ. ٦ 6
When the men of Israel saw that they were in trouble—for the people were distressed, the people hid in caves, in the underbrush, in rocks, in wells, and in pits.
وَبَعْضُ ٱلْعِبْرَانِيِّينَ عَبَرُوا ٱلْأُرْدُنَّ إِلَى أَرْضِ جَادَ وَجِلْعَادَ. وَكَانَ شَاوُلُ بَعْدُ فِي ٱلْجِلْجَالِ وَكُلُّ ٱلشَّعْبِ ٱرْتَعَدَ وَرَاءَهُ. ٧ 7
Some of the Hebrews went over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. But Saul was still at Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.
فَمَكَثَ سَبْعَةَ أَيَّامٍ حَسَبَ مِيعَادِ صَمُوئِيلَ، وَلَمْ يَأْتِ صَمُوئِيلُ إِلَى ٱلْجِلْجَالِ، وَٱلشَّعْبُ تَفَرَّقَ عَنْهُ. ٨ 8
He waited seven days, the time Samuel had set. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal, and the people were scattering from Saul.
فَقَالَ شَاوُلُ: «قَدِّمُوا إِلَيَّ ٱلْمُحْرَقَةَ وَذَبَائِحَ ٱلسَّلَامَةِ». فَأَصْعَدَ ٱلْمُحْرَقَةَ. ٩ 9
Saul said, “Bring me the burnt offering and the peace offerings.” Then he offered the burnt offering.
وَكَانَ لَمَّا ٱنْتَهَى مِنْ إِصْعَادِ ٱلْمُحْرَقَةِ إِذَا صَمُوئِيلُ مُقْبِلٌ، فَخَرَجَ شَاوُلُ لِلِقَائِهِ لِيُبَارِكَهُ. ١٠ 10
As soon as he finished offering the burnt offering Samuel arrived. Saul went out to meet him and to greet him.
فَقَالَ صَمُوئِيلُ: «مَاذَا فَعَلْتَ؟» فَقَالَ شَاوُلُ: «لِأَنِّي رَأَيْتُ أَنَّ ٱلشَّعْبَ قَدْ تَفَرَّقَ عَنِّي، وَأَنْتَ لَمْ تَأْتِ فِي أَيَّامِ ٱلْمِيعَادِ، وَٱلْفِلِسْطِينِيُّونَ مُتَجَمِّعُونَ فِي مِخْمَاسَ، ١١ 11
Then Samuel said, “What have you done?” Saul replied, “When I saw that the people were leaving me, and that you did not come within the set time, and that the Philistines had assembled at Michmash,
فَقُلْتُ: ٱلْآنَ يَنْزِلُ ٱلْفِلِسْطِينِيُّونَ إِلَيَّ إِلَى ٱلْجِلْجَالِ وَلَمْ أَتَضَرَّعْ إِلَى وَجْهِ ٱلرَّبِّ، فَتَجَلَّدْتُ وَأَصْعَدْتُ ٱلْمُحْرَقَةَ». ١٢ 12
I said, 'Now the Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal, and I have not sought the favor of Yahweh.' So I forced myself to offer the burnt offering.”
فَقَالَ صَمُوئِيلُ لِشَاوُلَ: «قَدِ ٱنْحَمَقْتَ! لَمْ تَحْفَظْ وَصِيَّةَ ٱلرَّبِّ إِلَهِكَ ٱلَّتِي أَمَرَكَ بِهَا، لِأَنَّهُ ٱلْآنَ كَانَ ٱلرَّبُّ قَدْ ثَبَّتَ مَمْلَكَتَكَ عَلَى إِسْرَائِيلَ إِلَى ٱلْأَبَدِ. ١٣ 13
Then Samuel said to Saul, “You have acted foolishly. You have not kept the command of Yahweh your God that he gave you. For then Yahweh would have established your rule over Israel forever.
وَأَمَّا ٱلْآنَ فَمَمْلَكَتُكَ لَا تَقُومُ. قَدِ ٱنْتَخَبَ ٱلرَّبُّ لِنَفْسِهِ رَجُلًا حَسَبَ قَلْبِهِ، وَأَمَرَهُ ٱلرَّبُّ أَنْ يَتَرَأَّسَ عَلَى شَعْبِهِ. لِأَنَّكَ لَمْ تَحْفَظْ مَا أَمَرَكَ بِهِ ٱلرَّبُّ». ١٤ 14
But now your rule will not continue. Yahweh has sought out a man after his own heart, and Yahweh has appointed him to be prince over his people, because you have not obeyed what he commanded you.”
وَقَامَ صَمُوئِيلُ وَصَعِدَ مِنَ ٱلْجِلْجَالِ إِلَى جِبْعَةِ بَنْيَامِينَ. وَعَدَّ شَاوُلُ ٱلشَّعْبَ ٱلْمَوْجُودَ مَعَهُ نَحْوَ سِتِّ مِئَةِ رَجُلٍ. ١٥ 15
Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. Then Saul numbered the people who were present with him, about six hundred men.
وَكَانَ شَاوُلُ وَيُونَاثَانُ ٱبْنُهُ وَٱلشَّعْبُ ٱلْمَوْجُودُ مَعَهُمَا مُقِيمِينَ فِي جِبْعِ بَنْيَامِينَ، وَٱلْفِلِسْطِينِيُّونَ نَزَلُوا فِي مِخْمَاسَ. ١٦ 16
Saul, his son Jonathan, and the people who were present with them, stayed in Geba of Benjamin. But the Philistines camped at Michmash.
فَخَرَجَ ٱلْمُخَرِّبُونَ مِنْ مَحَلَّةِ ٱلْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ فِي ثَلَاثِ فِرَقٍ. ٱلْفِرْقَةُ ٱلْوَاحِدَةُ تَوَجَّهَتْ فِي طَرِيقِ عَفْرَةَ إِلَى أَرْضِ شُوعَالَ، ١٧ 17
Raiders came from the camp of the Philistines in three groups. One group turned toward Ophrah, to the land of Shual.
وَٱلْفِرْقَةُ ٱلْأُخْرَى تَوَجَّهَتْ فِي طَرِيقِ بَيْتِ حُورُونَ، وَٱلْفِرْقَةُ ٱلْأُخْرَى تَوَجَّهَتْ فِي طَرِيقِ ٱلتُّخْمِ ٱلْمُشْرِفِ عَلَى وَادِي صَبُوعِيمَ نَحْوَ ٱلْبَرِّيَّةِ. ١٨ 18
Another group turned toward Beth Horon, and another group turned toward the border that overlooks the Valley of Zeboyim toward the wilderness.
وَلَمْ يُوجَدْ صَانِعٌ فِي كُلِّ أَرْضِ إِسْرَائِيلَ، لِأَنَّ ٱلْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ قَالُوا: «لِئَلَّا يَعْمَلَ ٱلْعِبْرَانِيُّونَ سَيْفًا أَوْ رُمْحًا». ١٩ 19
No blacksmith could be found throughout all of Israel, because the Philistines said, “Otherwise the Hebrews would make swords or spears for themselves.”
بَلْ كَانَ يَنْزِلُ كُلُّ إِسْرَائِيلَ إِلَى ٱلْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ لِكَيْ يُحَدِّدَ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ سِكَّتَهُ وَمِنْجَلَهُ وَفَأْسَهُ وَمِعْوَلَهُ ٢٠ 20
But all the men of Israel used to go down to the Philistines, each to sharpen his plow points, his mattock, his ax, and his sickle.
عِنْدَمَا كَلَّتْ حُدُودُ ٱلسِّكَكِ وَٱلْمَنَاجِلِ وَٱلْمُثَلَّثَاتِ ٱلْأَسْنَانِ وَٱلْفُؤُوسِ وَلِتَرْوِيسِ ٱلْمَنَاسِيسِ. ٢١ 21
The charge was two-thirds of a shekel for the plow points, and the mattocks, and one-third of a shekel for sharpening axes and for straightening the goads.
وَكَانَ فِي يَوْمِ ٱلْحَرْبِ أَنَّهُ لَمْ يُوجَدْ سَيْفٌ وَلَا رُمْحٌ بِيَدِ جَمِيعِ ٱلشَّعْبِ ٱلَّذِي مَعَ شَاوُلَ وَمَعَ يُونَاثَانَ. عَلَى أَنَّهُ وُجِدَ مَعَ شَاوُلَ وَيُونَاثَانَ ٱبْنِهِ. ٢٢ 22
So on the day of battle, there were no swords or spears found in the hands of any of the soldiers who were with Saul and Jonathan; only Saul and his son Jonathan had them.
وَخَرَجَ حَفَظَةُ ٱلْفِلِسْطِينِيِّينَ إِلَى مَعْبَرِ مِخْمَاسَ. ٢٣ 23
The garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of Michmash.